Travison, T.G., A.B. Araujo, A.B. O’Donnell, V. Kupelian, and J.B. McKinlay. 2007. A population-level decline in serum testosterone levels in American men. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 92(1):196-202.

Tsaih, S.W., S. Korrick, J. Schwartz, C. Amarasiriwardena, A. Aro, D. Sparrow, and H. Hu. 2004. Lead, diabetes, hypertension, and renal function: The normative aging study. Environ. Health Perspect. 112(11):1178-1182.

Tyl, R.W. 2005. Toxicity Testing, Developmental. Encyclopedia of Toxicology. W. Philip. New York, Elsevier: 262-276.

Ukaejiofo, E.O., N. Thomas, and S.O. Ike. 2009. Haematological assessment of occupational exposure to lead handlers in Enugu urban, Enugu State, Nigeria. Niger. J. Clin. Pract. 12(1):58-64.

Undeger, U., N. Basaran, H. Canpinar, and E. Kansu. 1996. Immune alterations in leadexposed workers. Toxicology 109(2-3):167-172.

Valentino, M., M. Governa, I. Marchiseppe, and I. Visonă. 1991. Effects of lead on polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) functions in occupationally exposed workers. Arch. Toxicol. 65(8):685-688.

Valentino, M., V. Rapisarda, L. Santarelli, M. Bracci, M. Scorcelletti, L. Di Lorenzo, F. Cassano, and L. Soleo. 2007. Effect of lead on the levels of some immunoregulatory cytokines in occupationally exposed workers. Hum. Exp. Toxicol. 26(7):551-556.

Vander, A.J. 1988. Chronic effects of lead on the renin-angiotensin system. Environ. Health Perspect. 78: 77-83.

Vaziri, N.D. 2008. Mechanisms of lead-induced hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 295(2): H454-H465.

Verhoef, P., F.J. Kok, D.A. Kruyssen, E.G. Schouten, J.C. Witteman, D.E. Grobbee, P.M. Ueland, and H. Refsum. 1997. Plasma total homocysteine, B vitamins, and risk of coronary atherosclerosis. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 17(5):989-995.

Wang, F.T., H. Hu, J. Schwartz, J. Weuve, A.S. Spiro, III, D. Sparrow, H.L. Nie, E.K. Silverman, S.T. Weiss, and R.O. Wright. 2007. Modifying effects of the HFE polymorphisms on the association between lead burden and cognitive decline. Environ. Health Perspect. 115(8):1210-1215.

Wang, L., P. Xun, Y. Zhao, X. Wang, L. Qian, and F. Chen. 2008. Effects of lead exposure on sperm concentrations and testes weight in male rats: A meta-regression analysis. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health A 71(7):454-463.

Wasserman, G.A., X. Liu, D. Popovac, P. Factor-Litvak, J. Kline, C. Waternaux, N. LoIacono, and J.H. Graziano. 2000. The Yugoslavia Prospective Lead Study: Contributions of prenatal and postnatal lead exposure to early intelligence. Neurotoxicol. Teratol. 22(6):811-818.

Weaver, V.M., B.K. Lee, K.D. Ahn, A.C. Todd, W.F. Stewart, J. Wen, D.J. Simon, P.J. Parsons, and B.S. Schwartz. 2003. Associations of lead biomarkers with renal function in Korean lead workers. Occup. Environ. Med. 60(8):551-562.

Weaver, V.M., B.K. Lee, A.C. Todd, K.D. Ahn, W. Shi, B.G. Jaar, K.T. Kelsey, M.E. Lustberg, E.K. Silbergeld, P.J. Parsons, J. Wen, and B.S. Schwartz. 2006. Effect modification by delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase, vitamin D receptor, and nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms on associations between patella lead and renal function in lead workers. Environ. Res. 102(1):61-69.

Weaver, V.M., L.R. Ellis, B.K. Lee, A.C. Todd, W. Shi, K.D. Ahn, and B.S. Schwartz. 2008. Associations between patella lead and blood pressure in lead workers. Am. J. Ind. Med. 51(5):336-343.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement