Statement of Task
An ad hoc committee will conduct a study of the availability of skilled workers to meet the energy and mineral security requirements of the United States.
This study will include an analysis of:
(1) The need for and availability of workers for the oil, natural gas, coal, geologic carbon sequestration, nuclear, geothermal, solar, wind, and non-fuel minerals industries;
(2) The availability of skilled labor at both entry level and more senior levels; and
(3) Recommendations for actions needed to meet future labor requirements.
Specifically, this study will, to the extent possible given available data:
(1) Provide historic and current trends in the size, growth, and demographics of the workforce in these industries, disaggregating for each industry and sector (business, government, and academia) and identifying the main worker groups by sector and occupation.
(2) Examine key labor market characteristics of the workforce in each industry, including sectoral workplace practices and any labor market impediments, constraints, and failures.
(3) Discuss future demand for and supply of workers in these industries, sectors, and occupations.
(4) Describe current and projected education and training programs for these groups at community and technical colleges and universities or through other on-the-job or job-specific training and re-training initiatives.
(5) Discuss the potential for skilled foreign labor meeting projected sectoral labor requirements.
(6) Assess potential job health and safety impacts and national security of a long-term (more than three years) workforce shortage or surplus.
(7) Describe and evaluate data sources available, federal data collection and coordination, and possible research initiatives for future decision making on workforce issues.
Laboratory contracted with the National Research Council (NRC) to perform a study of the emerging workforce trends in the U.S. energy and mining industries. Accordingly, the NRC convened a committee of experts to perform the study and to prepare this report on its findings. The study’s statement of task is presented in Box S.1.
All of the energy industries in the statement of task contribute to satisfying the nation’s energy needs. The related area of geologic carbon sequestration, involving the subsurface storage of carbon dioxide (CO2), is part of the larger area of carbon capture, use, and storage (CCUS). Within CCUS, technologies are being developed to minimize CO2 emissions into the atmosphere and to provide CO2 to enhance oil production from mature fields. The committee addressed the potential workforce for CCUS to cover both sequestration and CO2-enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR).