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C Data on the Energy and Mining Workforce from Federal Data Sources TABLE C.1. Average annual U.S. energy and mining private sector employment, by NAICS code (2005-2010). NAICS NAICS 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Code Title 211 Oil and Gas Extraction 125,818 134,858 146,081 160,081 160,688 158,423 Mining (except Oil and 212 211,321 219,243 219,932 223,149 206,769 203,498 Gas) Support Activities for 213 223,277 262,498 294,264 330,168 273,910 289,709 Mining Electric Power Generation, 2211 Transmission and 398,381 394,403 395,970 402,504 404,500 395,960 Distribution 2212 Natural Gas Distribution 106,478 106,351 106,287 107,988 108,915 108,605 Steam and Air- 22133 1,913 1,777 1,771 1,857 1,995 1,935 Conditioning Supply 2371 Utility System Construction 393,908 424,661 444,931 447,404 393,857 380,665 Petroleum and Coal 324 112,241 113,056 115,169 116,248 114,506 110,972 Products Manufacturing Primary Metal 331 464,836 463,139 455,683 443,867 363,744 361,211 Manufacturing Mining and Oil and Gas 33313 Field Machinery 55,692 63,627 71,677 75,690 71,574 70,335 Manufacturing Turbine and Turbine 333611 Generator Set Units 19,484 19,797 21,663 25,037 26,093 26,646 Manufacturing 486 Pipeline Transportation 37,910 38,676 40,303 41,116 41,384 42,265 TOTAL 2,151,259 2,242,086 2,313,731 2,375,109 2,167,935 2,150,224 Source: BLS 2011d. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. 299 Prepublication Version

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300 APPENDIX C TABLE C.2. Average annual U.S. energy and mining federal government employment, by NAICS code (2005-2010). NAICS NAICS 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Code Title 211 Oil and Gas Extraction 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) Support Activities for 213 Mining Electric Power Generation, 2211 Transmission and 12,525 12,437 12,315 12,033 12,381 12,801 Distribution 2212 Natural Gas Distribution Steam and Air-Conditioning 22133 Supply 2371 Utility System Construction 6 6 6 5 5 5 Petroleum and Coal 324 Products Manufacturing Primary Metal 331 Manufacturing Mining and Oil and Gas 33313 Field Machinery Manufacturing Turbine and Turbine 333611 Generator Set Units Manufacturing 486 Pipeline Transportation TOTAL 12,531 12,443 12,321 12,038 12,386 12,806 Note: A blank cell indicates data is not disclosable or is not applicable. Source: BLS 2011d. TABLE C.3. Average annual U.S. energy and mining state government employment, by NAICS code (2005-2010). NAICS NAICS 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Code Title 211 Oil and Gas Extraction 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) Support Activities for 213 Mining Electric Power Generation, 2211 Transmission and 4,015 3,961 3,962 3,856 3,873 3,849 Distribution 2212 Natural Gas Distribution Steam and Air-Conditioning 22133 Supply 2371 Utility System Construction Petroleum and Coal 324 Products Manufacturing Prepublication Version

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APPENDIX C 301 Primary Metal 331 Manufacturing Mining and Oil and Gas 33313 Field Machinery Manufacturing Turbine and Turbine 333611 Generator Set Units Manufacturing 486 Pipeline Transportation TOTAL 4,015 3,961 3,962 3,856 3,873 3,849 Note: A blank cell indicates data is not disclosable or is not applicable. Source: BLS 2011d. TABLE C.4. Average annual U.S. energy and mining local government employment, by NAICS code (2005-2010). NAICS NAICS 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Code Title 211 Oil and Gas Extraction 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 559 448 349 268 Support Activities for 213 Mining Electric Power Generation, 2211 Transmission and 74,101 73,879 75,859 77,135 78,031 76,623 Distribution 2212 Natural Gas Distribution 8,916 8,819 8,654 7,872 7,870 6,533 Steam and Air-Conditioning 22133 110 110 110 108 111 256 Supply 2371 Utility System Construction 830 892 1,077 1,388 1,395 1,597 Petroleum and Coal 324 Products Manufacturing Primary Metal 331 Manufacturing Mining and Oil and Gas 33313 Field Machinery Manufacturing Turbine and Turbine 333611 Generator Set Units Manufacturing 486 Pipeline Transportation 1,718 1,687 913 926 901 886 TOTAL 86,234 85,835 86,613 87,429 88,657 86,163 Note: A blank cell indicates data is not disclosable or is not applicable. Source: BLS 2011d. Prepublication Version

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302 APPENDIX C TABLE C.5. Mapping of U.S. energy and mining NAICS industries to Census industries. NAICS NAICS Census Census Code Title Code Title 211 Oil and Gas Extraction 0370 Oil and gas extraction 0380 Coal mining 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 0390 Metal ore mining 0470 Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying 213 Support Activities for Mining 0490 Support activities for mining Electric Power Generation, Transmission Electric power generation, transmission, 2211 0570 and Distribution and distribution 0580 Natural gas distribution 2212 Natural Gas Distribution 0590 Electric and gas, and other combinations1 Water, steam, air-conditioning, and 22133 Steam and Air-Conditioning Supply 0670 irrigation systems2 2371 Utility System Construction N/A N/A3 Petroleum and Coal Products Petroleum and coal products 324 2070-2090 Manufacturing manufacturing Primary metals and fabricated metal 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 2670-2990 products manufacturing4 Mining and Oil and Gas Field Machinery Construction, and mining and oil and gas 33313 3080 Manufacturing field machinery manufacturing5 Turbine and Turbine Generator Set Units Engines, turbines, and power transmission 333611 3180 Manufacturing equipment manufacturing6 486 Pipeline Transportation 6270 Pipeline transportation 1 Parts of both NAICS 2211 and 2212. 2 Includes NAICS 22131 (Water Supply and Irrigation Systems) 3 The Census industry coding system has a single code representing the entire construction sector (NAICS 23) 4 Includes NAICS 332 (Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing) 5 Includes NAICS 33312 (Construction Machinery Manufacturing) 6 Includes NAICS 333612 (Speed Changer, Industrial High-Speed Drive, and Gear Manufacturing), 333613 (Mechanical Power Transmission Equipment Manufacturing), and 333618 (Other Engine Equipment Manufacturing). SOURCE: BLS 2011d,e. Prepublication Version

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APPENDIX C 303 TABLE C.6. Employment estimates for U.S. private sector energy and mining occupations, 2010. Percent of Standard Standard Percent of 2010 Energy and Occupation Occupation Occupation Employment Mining Code Title Employment Employment 11-1011 Chief Executives 5,110 0.26% 2.2% 11-1021 General and Operations Managers 39,810 2.00% 2.5% 11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,870 0.09% 1.2% 11-2022 Sales Managers 3,070 0.15% 1.0% 11-2031 Public Relations and Fundraising Managers 590 0.03% 1.3% 11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 3,500 0.18% 1.9% 11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,290 0.12% 0.9% 11-3031 Financial Managers 7,170 0.36% 1.7% 11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 9,500 0.48% 6.7% 11-3061 Purchasing Managers 1,340 0.07% 2.3% Transportation, Storage, and Distribution 11-3071 1,490 0.07% 2.0% Managers 11-3111 Compensation and Benefits Managers 550 0.03% 2.1% 11-3121 Human Resources Managers 1,490 0.07% 2.8% 11-3131 Training and Development Managers 340 0.02% 1.4% 11-9021 Construction Managers 10,820 0.54% 5.9% 11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers 7,150 0.36% 4.5% 11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 310 0.02% 1.0% Property, Real Estate, and Community 11-9141 1,690 0.09% 1.2% Association Managers 11-9161 Emergency Management Directors 310 0.02% 8.1% 11-9199 Managers, All Other 6,850 0.34% 3.0% 13-1021 Buyers and Purchasing Agents, Farm Products 50 0.00% 0.5% Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm 13-1022 170 0.01% 0.2% Products Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, 13-1023 8,550 0.43% 4.0% and Farm Products 13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 170 0.01% 0.1% 13-1041 Compliance Officers 4,260 0.21% 4.8% 13-1051 Cost Estimators 6,050 0.30% 3.3% Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations 13-1078 4,240 0.21% 1.3% Specialists, All Other 13-1081 Logisticians 3,520 0.18% 4.6% 13-1111 Management Analysts 7,800 0.39% 1.8% Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis 13-1141 1,520 0.08% 1.8% Specialists 13-1151 Training and Development Specialists 4,490 0.23% 2.5% Market Research Analysts and Marketing 13-1161 2,820 0.14% 1.1% Specialists 13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 14,730 0.74% 2.3% 13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 20,810 1.05% 2.2% 13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 40 0.00% 0.1% 13-2031 Budget Analysts 430 0.02% 1.6% Prepublication Version

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304 APPENDIX C 13-2041 Credit Analysts 220 0.01% 0.4% 13-2051 Financial Analysts 4,710 0.24% 2.2% 13-2061 Financial Examiners 70 0.00% 0.4% 13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 800 0.04% 0.7% 15-1111 Computer and Information Research Scientists 30 0.00% 0.2% 15-1121 Computer Systems Analysts 7,230 0.36% 1.6% 15-1131 Computer Programmers 1,670 0.08% 0.5% 15-1132 Software Developers, Applications 1,920 0.10% 0.4% 15-1133 Software Developers, Systems Software 1,340 0.07% 0.4% 15-1141 Database Administrators 740 0.04% 0.8% 15-1142 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 3,750 0.19% 1.3% 15-1150 Computer Support Specialists 4,590 0.23% 0.9% Information Security Analysts, Web Developers, 15-1179 1,840 0.09% 0.8% and Computer Network Architects 15-1799 Computer Occupations, All Other 1,470 0.07% 1.5% 15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 580 0.03% 1.2% 17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 290 0.01% 4.0% 17-1022 Surveyors 1,390 0.07% 3.6% 17-2041 Chemical Engineers 2,540 0.13% 9.5% 17-2051 Civil Engineers 5,630 0.28% 3.2% 17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 17-2071 Electrical Engineers 17,370 0.87% 12.4% 17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 640 0.03% 0.6% 17-2081 Environmental Engineers 1,950 0.10% 5.6% Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining 17-2111 2,160 0.11% 11.1% Safety Engineers and Inspectors 17-2112 Industrial Engineers 7,120 0.36% 3.5% 17-2131 Materials Engineers 2,920 0.15% 14.5% 17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 5,050 0.25% 2.3% Mining and Geological Engineers, Including 17-2151 2,870 0.14% 50.4% Mining Safety Engineers 17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 6,760 0.34% 44.2% 17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 20,610 1.04% 74.4% 17-2199 Engineers, All Other 7,890 0.40% 7.5% 17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 350 0.02% 0.4% 17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 2,370 0.12% 8.5% 17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 1,090 0.05% 1.7% 17-3019 Drafters, All Other 500 0.03% 3.4% 17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 950 0.05% 2.3% Electrical and Electronics Engineering 17-3023 11,290 0.57% 9.0% Technicians 17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 910 0.05% 5.9% 17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 730 0.04% 4.9% 17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 2,210 0.11% 3.7% 17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 1,860 0.09% 4.3% Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All 17-3029 5,060 0.25% 12.3% Other 17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 3,040 0.15% 7.1% 19-1032 Foresters 210 0.01% 8.0% Prepublication Version

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APPENDIX C 305 19-2012 Physicists 220 0.01% 1.9% 19-2031 Chemists 1,930 0.10% 2.9% 19-2032 Materials Scientists 40 0.00% 0.5% Environmental Scientists and Specialists, 19-2041 1,890 0.10% 4.7% Including Health Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and 19-2042 8,240 0.41% 34.5% Geographers 19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 480 0.02% 4.1% 19-3011 Economists 90 0.00% 1.6% 19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 19-4031 Chemical Technicians 3,850 0.19% 6.9% 19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 8,710 0.44% 65.7% 19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 3,140 0.16% 46.4% Environmental Science and Protection 19-4091 660 0.03% 3.9% Technicians, Including Health Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All 19-4099 360 0.02% 1.1% Other 23-1011 Lawyers 2,120 0.11% 0.5% 23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 410 0.02% 0.2% 23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 1,160 0.06% 2.4% 23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 40 0.00% 1.5% 25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 30 0.00% 0.1% 27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 40 0.00% 0.1% 27-1024 Graphic Designers 190 0.01% 0.1% 27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,570 0.08% 0.8% 27-3041 Editors 40 0.00% 0.0% 27-3042 Technical Writers 29-1111 Registered Nurses 130 0.01% 0.0% 29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 4,790 0.24% 15.2% 29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 940 0.05% 13.6% First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service 33-1099 310 0.02% 0.8% Workers, All Other 33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 90 0.00% 0.4% 33-9032 Security Guards 5,100 0.26% 0.6% 33-9091 Crossing Guards 550 0.03% 4.1% 33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 430 0.02% 1.3% 35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 130 0.01% 0.1% 35-2019 Cooks, All Other Combined Food Preparation and Serving 35-3021 Workers, Including Fast Food First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn 37-1012 320 0.02% 0.4% Service, and Groundskeeping Workers Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and 37-2011 4,270 0.21% 0.3% Housekeeping Cleaners 37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 1,670 0.08% 0.2% 37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 1,260 0.06% 3.7% 41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 170 0.01% 0.0% 41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales 1,190 0.06% 0.5% Prepublication Version

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306 APPENDIX C Workers 41-2011 Cashiers 1,950 0.10% 0.1% 41-2022 Parts Salespersons 40 0.00% 0.0% 41-2031 Retail Salespersons 300 0.02% 0.0% Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 41-3031 590 0.03% 0.2% Sales Agents 41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 4,590 0.23% 0.9% Sales Representatives, Wholesale and 41-4011 Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific 2,560 0.13% 0.7% Products Sales Representatives, Wholesale and 41-4012 Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific 12,120 0.61% 0.9% Products 41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 60 0.00% 0.1% 41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 610 0.03% 0.4% 41-9031 Sales Engineers 240 0.01% 0.4% 41-9799 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 680 0.03% 0.5% First-Line Supervisors of Office and 43-1011 14,930 0.75% 1.2% Administrative Support Workers Switchboard Operators, Including Answering 43-2011 100 0.01% 0.1% Service 43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 2,800 0.14% 0.7% 43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks 4,730 0.24% 1.0% 43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 23,240 1.17% 1.6% 43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 4,040 0.20% 2.7% 43-3061 Procurement Clerks 490 0.02% 1.0% 43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 80 0.00% 0.2% 43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 32,280 1.62% 1.6% 43-4071 File Clerks 620 0.03% 0.4% 43-4151 Order Clerks 350 0.02% 0.2% Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and 43-4161 1,680 0.08% 1.5% Timekeeping 43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 4,260 0.21% 0.5% 43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 250 0.01% 0.3% 43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 40 0.00% 0.0% 43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 6,280 0.32% 3.8% 43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 15,840 0.80% 68.4% 43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 9,270 0.47% 3.7% 43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 6,710 0.34% 1.0% 43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 8,090 0.41% 0.5% Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, 43-5111 1,860 0.09% 2.9% Recordkeeping Executive Secretaries and Executive 43-6011 17,190 0.86% 1.9% Administrative Assistants 43-6012 Legal Secretaries 120 0.01% 0.1% Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, 43-6014 22,360 1.12% 1.6% Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 43-9011 Computer Operators 140 0.01% 0.2% 43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 500 0.03% 0.3% Prepublication Version

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APPENDIX C 307 43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 330 0.02% 1.0% Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except 43-9051 240 0.01% 0.2% Postal Service 43-9061 Office Clerks, General 31,250 1.57% 1.4% 43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer Office and Administrative Support Workers, All 43-9799 1,400 0.07% 1.0% Other Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural 45-2093 100 0.01% 0.3% Animals 45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades 47-1011 56,110 2.82% 13.1% and Extraction Workers 47-2011 Boilermakers 2,550 0.13% 13.7% 47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 440 0.02% 0.7% 47-2031 Carpenters 6,870 0.35% 1.1% 47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 2,810 0.14% 2.0% 47-2061 Construction Laborers 87,300 4.39% 11.8% Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment 47-2071 1,930 0.10% 5.3% Operators 47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators 530 0.03% 12.9% Operating Engineers and Other Construction 47-2073 72,150 3.63% 27.5% Equipment Operators 47-2111 Electricians 28,050 1.41% 5.8% 47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical 790 0.04% 2.9% 47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 1,060 0.05% 0.6% 47-2151 Pipelayers 18,000 0.91% 55.4% 47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 24,190 1.22% 7.2% 47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 320 0.02% 1.6% 47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 70 0.00% 0.1% 47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 2,460 0.12% 4.2% 47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 660 0.03% 1.4% 47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 680 0.03% 1.0% Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and 47-3014 Stucco Masons Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and 47-3015 5,240 0.26% 9.2% Steamfitters 47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 840 0.04% 4.6% 47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 1,350 0.07% 3.6% 47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 370 0.02% 1.0% 47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 90 0.00% 1.9% Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment 47-4061 70 0.00% 0.5% Operators 47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 600 0.03% 3.5% 47-4799 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 870 0.04% 2.5% 47-5011 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas 16,790 0.84% 99.2% 47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 19,620 0.99% 97.1% 47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 34,650 1.74% 94.6% 47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 11,410 0.57% 71.0% Prepublication Version

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308 APPENDIX C Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, 47-5031 2,060 0.10% 52.3% and Blasters 47-5041 Continuous Mining Machine Operators 13,010 0.65% 99.6% Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine 47-5042 6,240 0.31% 94.1% Operators 47-5049 Mining Machine Operators, All Other 2,620 0.13% 81.9% 47-5051 Rock Splitters, Quarry 2,700 0.14% 79.6% 47-5061 Roof Bolters, Mining 5,560 0.28% 99.1% 47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 46,650 2.35% 95.4% 47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers 21,930 1.10% 93.9% 47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other 5,470 0.28% 84.2% First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, 49-1011 32,630 1.64% 9.2% and Repairers Computer, Automated Teller, and Office 49-2011 Machine Repairers Radio, Cellular, and Tower Equipment Installers 49-2021 110 0.01% 1.3% and Repairs Telecommunications Equipment Installers and 49-2022 670 0.03% 0.4% Repairers, Except Line Installers Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related 49-2092 180 0.01% 1.0% Repairers Electrical and Electronics Installers and 49-2093 50 0.00% 0.5% Repairers, Transportation Equipment Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial 49-2094 2,760 0.14% 5.2% and Industrial Equipment Electrical and Electronics Repairers, 49-2095 17,970 0.90% 89.2% Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 50 0.00% 0.1% 49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 3,440 0.17% 0.6% Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine 49-3031 7,970 0.40% 4.3% Specialists Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service 49-3041 Technicians Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except 49-3042 14,640 0.74% 16.3% Engines 49-3043 Rail Car Repairers 180 0.01% 1.0% 49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 150 0.01% 0.2% Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, 49-9012 22,960 1.16% 65.6% Except Mechanical Door Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration 49-9021 1,000 0.05% 0.5% Mechanics and Installers 49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 1,160 0.06% 3.5% 49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 39,090 1.97% 15.0% 49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 7,160 0.36% 11.1% 49-9044 Millwrights 4,520 0.23% 12.4% Refractory Materials Repairers, Except 49-9045 1,000 0.05% 48.5% Brickmasons 49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 81,790 4.11% 90.2% Telecommunications Line Installers and 49-9052 16,450 0.83% 10.6% Repairers Prepublication Version

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APPENDIX C 309 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, 49-9069 290 0.01% 3.1% All Other 49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 38,320 1.93% 3.9% 49-9092 Commercial Divers 630 0.03% 17.2% 49-9096 Riggers 2,880 0.14% 23.6% Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair 49-9098 9,000 0.45% 8.2% Workers Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, 49-9799 4,350 0.22% 4.3% All Other First-Line Supervisors of Production and 51-1011 39,340 1.98% 7.4% Operating Workers 51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 1,340 0.07% 9.0% 51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 120 0.01% 0.1% 51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 50 0.00% 0.1% 51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 860 0.04% 1.1% 51-2092 Team Assemblers 8,910 0.45% 1.0% 51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 1,500 0.08% 0.6% Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, 51-4011 4,340 0.22% 3.5% Metal and Plastic Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool 51-4012 160 0.01% 1.0% Programmers, Metal and Plastic Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, 51-4021 11,940 0.60% 15.7% Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and 51-4022 2,010 0.10% 9.2% Tenders, Metal and Plastic Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and 51-4023 16,370 0.82% 51.3% Tenders, Metal and Plastic Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, 51-4031 11,630 0.59% 6.4% Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, 51-4032 1,560 0.08% 7.0% Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing 51-4033 Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, 8,410 0.42% 12.0% Metal and Plastic Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, 51-4034 1,630 0.08% 4.0% Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, 51-4035 2,250 0.11% and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4041 Machinists 8,840 0.44% 2.5% 51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 13,160 0.66% 86.5% 51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 10,460 0.53% 93.5% 51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 190 0.01% 3.2% 51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 1,470 0.07% 33.5% 51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 7,900 0.40% 78.9% Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine 51-4072 Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and 11,680 0.59% 10.2% Plastic Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and 51-4081 3,980 0.20% 5.7% Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 2,860 0.14% 4.3% Prepublication Version

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358 APPENDIX C TABLE C.32. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 1710-EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING 1,347 14.7% 1702-EDUCATION AND TRAINING TECHNICIAN 982 10.7% 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 421 4.6% 0462-FORESTRY TECHNICIAN 409 4.5% 1170-REALTY 330 3.6% 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 295 3.2% 4749-MAINTENANCE MECHANIC 267 2.9% 5703-MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATING 256 2.8% 7404-COOKING 250 2.7% 1101-GENERAL BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY 221 2.4% 3566-CUSTODIAL WORKING 211 2.3% 0083-POLICE 200 2.2% 0318-SECRETARY 188 2.1% 0802-ENGINEERING TECHNICAL 181 2.0% 0007-CORRECTIONAL OFFICER 169 1.8% 0340-PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 157 1.7% 5716-ENGINEERING EQUIPMENT OPERATING 151 1.7% 1811-CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION 143 1.6% 0401-GENERAL NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND 137 1.5% BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 0460-FORESTRY 136 1.5% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011 Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version

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APPENDIX C 359 TABLE C.33. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the Bureau of Land Management, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 0455-RANGE TECHNICIAN 1,480 12.9% 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 818 7.1% 0401-GENERAL NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND 772 6.7% BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 424 3.7% 0462-FORESTRY TECHNICIAN 421 3.7% 2210-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 396 3.5% 0340-PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 386 3.4% 0454-RANGELAND MANAGEMENT 302 2.6% 0802-ENGINEERING TECHNICAL 286 2.5% 1170-REALTY 278 2.4% 0025-PARK RANGER 245 2.1% 0023-OUTDOOR RECREATION PLANNING 227 2.0% 1373-LAND SURVEYING 226 2.0% 0486-WILDLIFE BIOLOGY 225 2.0% 1801-GENERAL INSPECTION, INVESTIGATION, ENFORCEMENT, 220 1.9% AND COMPLIANCE SERIES 0193-ARCHEOLOGY 206 1.8% 0404-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE TECHNICIAN 202 1.8% 0965-LAND LAW EXAMINING 196 1.7% 1350-GEOLOGY 196 1.7% 0460-FORESTRY 173 1.5% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011 Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version

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360 APPENDIX C TABLE C.34. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 0881-PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 161 13.6% 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 95 8.0% 1350-GEOLOGY 95 8.0% 1801-GENERAL INSPECTION, INVESTIGATION, ENFORCEMENT, 81 6.9% AND COMPLIANCE SERIES 2210-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 70 5.9% 0343-MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAM ANALYSIS 67 5.7% 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 53 4.5% 1313-GEOPHYSICS 52 4.4% 0318-SECRETARY 51 4.3% 0201-HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 48 4.1% 0401-GENERAL NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND 40 3.4% BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 1301-GENERAL PHYSICAL SCIENCE 30 2.5% 1102-CONTRACTING 27 2.3% 0028-ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SPECIALIST 25 2.1% 0340-PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 22 1.9% 1360-OCEANOGRAPHY 22 1.9% 0802-ENGINEERING TECHNICAL 21 1.8% 0560-BUDGET ANALYSIS 14 1.2% 1035-PUBLIC AFFAIRS 14 1.2% 0110-ECONOMIST 13 1.1% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011. Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version

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APPENDIX C 361 TABLE C.35. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the Department of Energy, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 0801-GENERAL ENGINEERING 1,631 11.0% 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 1,576 10.6% 0343-MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAM ANALYSIS 908 6.1% 1301-GENERAL PHYSICAL SCIENCE 655 4.4% 1102-CONTRACTING 641 4.3% 2210-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 603 4.0% 2810-HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICIAN 542 3.6% 1130-PUBLIC UTILITIES SPECIALIST 440 3.0% 0850-ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 436 2.9% 1101-GENERAL BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY 429 2.9% 0340-PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 406 2.7% 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 377 2.5% 0084-NUCLEAR MATERIALS COURIER 338 2.3% 0905-GENERAL ATTORNEY 338 2.3% 0510-ACCOUNTING 334 2.2% 0080-SECURITY ADMINISTRATION 330 2.2% 0201-HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 320 2.1% 0560-BUDGET ANALYSIS 252 1.7% 0840-NUCLEAR ENGINEERING 249 1.7% 5407-ELECTRICAL POWER CONTROLLING 204 1.4% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011. Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version

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362 APPENDIX C TABLE C.36. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 1101-GENERAL BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY 302 20.3% 0905-GENERAL ATTORNEY 266 17.9% 0810-CIVIL ENGINEERING 139 9.3% 0850-ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 100 6.7% 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 66 4.4% 0343-MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAM ANALYSIS 65 4.4% 0110-ECONOMIST 56 3.8% 0511-AUDITING 39 2.6% 0340-PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 29 1.9% 2210-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 29 1.9% 0318-SECRETARY 27 1.8% 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 26 1.7% 0401-GENERAL NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND 25 1.7% BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 0201-HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 23 1.5% 0510-ACCOUNTING 23 1.5% 0482-FISH BIOLOGY 21 1.4% 0028-ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SPECIALIST 16 1.1% 0935-ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGE 15 1.0% 0950-PARALEGAL SPECIALIST 14 0.9% 0986-LEGAL ASSISTANCE 14 0.9% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011. Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version

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APPENDIX C 363 TABLE C.37. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the Mine Safety and Health Administration, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 1822-MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH INSPECTION SERIES 1,404 60.3% 1802-COMPLIANCE INSPECTION AND SUPPORT 182 7.8% 2210-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 73 3.1% 0343-MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAM ANALYSIS 68 2.9% 0880-MINING ENGINEERING 58 2.5% 0318-SECRETARY 55 2.4% 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 54 2.3% 0801-GENERAL ENGINEERING 38 1.6% 0810-CIVIL ENGINEERING 34 1.5% 0850-ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 33 1.4% 1311-PHYSICAL SCIENCE TECHNICIAN 29 1.2% 0326-OFFICE AUTOMATION CLERICAL AND ASSISTANCE 25 1.1% 1712-TRAINING INSTRUCTION 23 1.0% 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 17 0.7% 0830-MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 16 0.7% 1801-GENERAL INSPECTION, INVESTIGATION, ENFORCEMENT, 16 0.7% AND COMPLIANCE SERIES 0690-INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE 15 0.6% 0802-ENGINEERING TECHNICAL 15 0.6% 0201-HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 14 0.6% 1301-GENERAL PHYSICAL SCIENCE 13 0.6% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011. Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version

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364 APPENDIX C TABLE C.38. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 0801-GENERAL ENGINEERING 1,160 28.2% 0840-NUCLEAR ENGINEERING 434 10.6% 0343-MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAM ANALYSIS 310 7.5% 0318-SECRETARY 238 5.8% 1301-GENERAL PHYSICAL SCIENCE 209 5.1% 2210-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 186 4.5% 1306-HEALTH PHYSICS 184 4.5% 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 181 4.4% 0080-SECURITY ADMINISTRATION 129 3.1% 0905-GENERAL ATTORNEY 114 2.8% 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 106 2.6% 0806-MATERIALS ENGINEERING 64 1.6% 0201-HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 51 1.2% 0810-CIVIL ENGINEERING 49 1.2% 1102-CONTRACTING 49 1.2% 0340-PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 48 1.2% 0830-MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 47 1.1% 1811-CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION 44 1.1% 0850-ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 42 1.0% 0510-ACCOUNTING 34 0.8% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011. Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version

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APPENDIX C 365 TABLE C.39. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 0018-SAFETY AND OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT 915 40.3% 0690-INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE 425 18.7% 0343-MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAM ANALYSIS 156 6.9% 1801-GENERAL INSPECTION, INVESTIGATION, ENFORCEMENT, 103 4.5% AND COMPLIANCE SERIES 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 92 4.0% 0803-SAFETY ENGINEERING 92 4.0% 1802-COMPLIANCE INSPECTION AND SUPPORT 81 3.6% 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 41 1.8% 2210-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 39 1.7% 1320-CHEMISTRY 32 1.4% 0344-MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAM CLERICAL AND 30 1.3% ASSISTANCE 0601-GENERAL HEALTH SCIENCE 28 1.2% 0326-OFFICE AUTOMATION CLERICAL AND ASSISTANCE 23 1.0% 0318-SECRETARY 20 0.9% 0110-ECONOMIST 14 0.6% 0201-HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 13 0.6% 0501-FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 13 0.6% 0341-ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER 12 0.5% 1712-TRAINING INSTRUCTION 10 0.4% 0560-BUDGET ANALYSIS 9 0.4% 0893-CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 9 0.4% 1083-TECHNICAL WRITING AND EDITING 9 0.4% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011 Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version

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366 APPENDIX C TABLE C.40. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 79 15.2% 1801-GENERAL INSPECTION, INVESTIGATION, ENFORCEMENT, 52 10.0% AND COMPLIANCE SERIES 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 43 8.3% 0343-MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAM ANALYSIS 37 7.1% 2210-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 30 5.8% 0511-AUDITING 29 5.6% 1301-GENERAL PHYSICAL SCIENCE 27 5.2% 0340-PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 22 4.2% 0510-ACCOUNTING 19 3.7% 1315-HYDROLOGY 18 3.5% 0028-ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SPECIALIST 12 2.3% 0810-CIVIL ENGINEERING 12 2.3% 0501-FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 10 1.9% 0201-HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 9 1.7% 0401-GENERAL NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND 9 1.7% BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 0318-SECRETARY 8 1.5% 0880-MINING ENGINEERING 7 1.3% 0260-EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY 6 1.2% 1311-PHYSICAL SCIENCE TECHNICIAN 6 1.2% 1350-GEOLOGY 6 1.2% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011 Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version

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APPENDIX C 367 TABLE C.41. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 0801-GENERAL ENGINEERING 134 30.2% 2101-TRANSPORTATION SPECIALIST 73 16.4% 1801-GENERAL INSPECTION, INVESTIGATION, ENFORCEMENT, 54 12.2% AND COMPLIANCE SERIES 0905-GENERAL ATTORNEY 29 6.5% 0343-MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAM ANALYSIS 21 4.7% 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 19 4.3% 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 16 3.6% 2210-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 12 2.7% 0201-HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 9 2.0% 0340-PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 9 2.0% 1102-CONTRACTING 9 2.0% 1001-GENERAL ARTS AND INFORMATION 6 1.4% 1320-CHEMISTRY 6 1.4% 0399-ADMINISTRATION AND OFFICE SUPPORT STUDENT 4 0.9% TRAINEE 0560-BUDGET ANALYSIS 4 0.9% 1301-GENERAL PHYSICAL SCIENCE 4 0.9% 0203-HUMAN RESOURCES ASSISTANCE 3 0.7% 2102-TRANSPORTATION CLERK AND ASSISTANT 3 0.7% 2199-TRANSPORTATION STUDENT TRAINEE 3 0.7% 0341-ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER 2 0.5% 0360-EQUAL OPPORTUNITY COMPLIANCE 2 0.5% 0510-ACCOUNTING 2 0.5% 1035-PUBLIC AFFAIRS 2 0.5% 1515-OPERATIONS RESEARCH 2 0.5% 1899-INVESTIGATION STUDENT TRAINEE 2 0.5% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011 Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version

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368 APPENDIX C TABLE C.42. Employment counts for the 20 largest occupations within the U.S. Geological Survey, 2011. Percent of agency Occupation Employment employment 1315-HYDROLOGY 1,398 15.4% 1316-HYDROLOGIC TECHNICIAN 1,252 13.8% 1350-GEOLOGY 576 6.3% 2210-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 542 6.0% 1301-GENERAL PHYSICAL SCIENCE 385 4.2% 0404-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE TECHNICIAN 379 4.2% 0401-GENERAL NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND 298 3.3% BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 0303-MISCELLANEOUS CLERK AND ASSISTANT 275 3.0% 0408-ECOLOGY 265 2.9% 1313-GEOPHYSICS 247 2.7% 0150-GEOGRAPHY 204 2.2% 0482-FISH BIOLOGY 201 2.2% 0486-WILDLIFE BIOLOGY 192 2.1% 1311-PHYSICAL SCIENCE TECHNICIAN 187 2.1% 1370-CARTOGRAPHY 174 1.9% 0301-MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATION AND PROGRAM 158 1.7% 1320-CHEMISTRY 150 1.7% 1399-PHYSICAL SCIENCE STUDENT TRAINEE 139 1.5% 0343-MANAGEMENT AND PROGRAM ANALYSIS 130 1.4% 0326-OFFICE AUTOMATION CLERICAL AND ASSISTANCE 115 1.3% Note: Employment is as of September 30, 2011 Source: FedScope, 2012. Additional tabulations by the National Research Council. Prepublication Version