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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This study was supported by Contract No. W91lNF-l0-C-0098 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of Defense. Any views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-26757-1
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-26757-9

Cover: Image of a three-dimensional fractal. Although highly complex it shows self similarity at every length scale, mimicking the capabilities needed to sustain today’s intricate defense systems. The two glowing focal points represent the materials and manufacturing required to reach those capabilities. By looking closely at the image it is possible to see the pattern of the two focal points repeated in the structure at many length scales, both large and small, just as materials and manufacturing have to reach every level of the system to create the capabilities needed to sustain our defense systems. Artist: Erik Svedberg, image generated mathematically on a dual core cpu.

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