1981 Ability to reverse engineer a plus/positive-strand RNA virus (poliovirus)
1982 Publication of National Research Council (NRC) report Scientific Communication and National Security (aka the Corson Report)
1985 National Security Decision Directive-189 (NSDD-189) released
1990 Ability to reverse engineer a negative strand RNA animal virus
2004 Publication of NRC report Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism (aka the Fink Report)
2005 First meeting of the National Science Advisory Board on Biosecurity (NSABB)
2006 Publication of NRC report Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences
2006-2007 Ability to reverse engineer double-stranded RNA viruses
2007 Publication of NSABB’s “Proposed Framework for the Oversight of Dual Use Life Sciences Research: Strategies for Minimizing the Potential Misuse of Research”

Publication of NRC report Science and Security in a Post-9/11 World
2009 Outbreak of “swine” flu (H1N1)
2011 Publication of NSABB’s “Recommendations on Communications of Experimental Adaptation of Avian Influenza A/H5N1”

Publication of World Health Organization’s (WHO) “Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework”

7th Review Conference, Biological Weapons Convention

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