particular concern and require a detailed analysis of risks and benefits before they are conducted or communicated.
Scientific research and protecting public health and safety are global endeavors. It is therefore critical that the U.S. Government continue to work with its international partners to develop, enforce and continually review consistent policies for the oversight of dual use research that enable the effective management and sharing of sensitive research information.
• The U.S. Government should expeditiously develop a mechanism to provide controlled access to sensitive scientific information. The majority of the NSABB recommends that the information contained in these revised H5N1 manuscripts should be communicated in full, but the Board also recognizes that research findings will likely emerge in the very near future that should not be widely disseminated because of a high risk of misuse but that nevertheless should be made available to certain researchers and public health officials around the world who have a legitimate need to know. The need for an effective, practical, and feasible mechanism for selectively sharing sensitive scientific information has never been more apparent. In order to manage the risks posed by communicating future cases of dual use research of concern, the Board strongly urges the U.S. Government to develop in an expeditious manner a practical and secure mechanism for sharing sensitive scientific information in order to support public health, safety, and security efforts.