ultimately selected a sample of countries representing a cross-section of attributes.

During each country visit, qualitative interviews were conducted with key stakeholders involved in the HIV/AIDS response. Requests for in-country interviews were made using a purposeful sampling methodology in order to develop a sample, both within and across countries, of interviewees that represented a range in types and levels of key stakeholders involved in the implementation of PEPFAR-supported programs and in the country’s HIV/AIDS response. Interviewees also represented a range of direct experiences relevant to the multiple content areas that were the focus of the evaluation. The initial selection in advance of each country visit process was based on systematic information gathering from country background research completed by the IOM staff team; input from the PEPFAR mission team and other country stakeholders; and input from committee members. Once in-country, the country visit teams also employed a process of additional snowball sampling by querying scheduled interviewees to identify individuals or organizations who could provide additional information in particular content areas or additional stakeholder perspectives; country visit schedules were structured to allow time for additional interviews to be scheduled to enrich the data collection sample. The selection process and sampling methods are described in detail in Appendix C.

Over the 13 country visits, the IOM delegations conducted a total of 383 interviews; 68 of these included a visit to a service delivery facility or program site. The interviewees included individuals or, more commonly, groups of interviewees representing partner country government; USG mission staff from the Department of State and the PEPFAR implementing agencies, including both U.S. and local partner country hires; multilateral organizations; international and local nongovernmental organizations (NGOs); academia; the private sector; and civil society organizations in partner countries, including organizations representing beneficiaries of PEPFAR-supported programs and people living with HIV or affected by the HIV epidemic.

Table 2-1 summarizes the completed interviews by stakeholder type and sub-type.

Non-Country Visit Interview Data

IOM staff and consultants also conducted 32 non-country visit individual or group interviews with key stakeholders. These interviewees included members of the USG at PEPFAR headquarters level (including OGAC, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], and the U.S. Agency for International Development [USAID]) and U.S.-based implementing partners at headquarters level, as well as other organizations



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