Program (Fiscal Year) Scope Methods Funding Mechanism Oversight Program Priorities
Impact Evaluations (2012–present) Systematic study of the change attributable to a particular intervention, such as a project, program, or policy Uses experimental or quasi-experimental approaches to establish a counterfactual Funded though COP Implementation Science Steering Committee
Central oversight at concept stage
Country managed at implementation stage
Country driven
Linked to specific programmatic activities

NOTE: CDC = U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; COP= country operational plan; DoD= U.S. Department of Defense; HRSA = Health Resources and Services Administration; NIH= National Institutes of Health; USAID= U.S. Agency for International Development.

aImplementation Science Requests for Applications (RFAs) are funded centrally and managed through implementing agencies. These mechanisms include the NIH Implementation Science Supplement, NIH Implementation Science RFA, NIH Implementation Science Injection Drug Use (IDU) RFA, NIH Implementation Science PMTCT RFA, CDC Implementation Science Funding Opportunity Announcement, and USAID Implementation Science Annual Program Statement (APS).

bSAB is composed of members that represent academia, advocates, international experts, the HIV/AIDS community, partner country governments, multilateral and bilateral agencies, foundations, and nongovernmental organizations.

SOURCES: Bouey and Padian, 2011; OGAC, 2010b, 2011e, 2012e; Padian et al., 2011.

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