grammatic expertise, to nongovernmental, community-based, and faith-based organizations, with particular emphasis on ensuring that community-initiated projects and programs provide holistic support to people living with and affected by HIV/AIDS (PEPFAR, 2012).
• The Department of Labor implements PEPFAR workplace-targeted projects that focus on prevention and on reducing stigma and discrimination related to HIV/AIDS through workplace education, protective HIV/AIDS workplace policies, and engagement and capacity building with employer associations, governments, and trade unions. The Department of Labor also contributes to an international technical assistance program focusing on child labor targeting HIV-affected children (PEPFAR, 2012).
• The Department of Commerce provides in-kind support to PEPFAR through its engagement with companies, industry organizations, and multilateral organizations aimed at fostering private-sector involvement in HIV interventions and public–private partnerships. The U.S. Census Bureau, within the Department of Commerce, is another important PEPFAR partner, which assists with data management and analysis, survey support, estimating infections averted, and supporting the mapping of country-level activities (PEPFAR, 2012).
OGAC Headquarters-Level Interagency Coordinating and Guidance Mechanisms
Interagency advisory bodies and processes support OGAC’s coordination and the implementation of PEPFAR by sharing information and contributing to decision making for programmatic activities. For example, USG agency program directors make up the group of deputy principals who give policy and programmatic guidance to political appointees in the agency principals groups as well as to the AIDS Coordinator. Input also comes from the country support teams that liaison with and share information from the country and region implementing teams. OGAC also coordinates interagency technical working groups (TWGs) that focus on specific service areas and topics (IOM, 2007).4
4 OGAC operates the following TWGs (by program area): Prevention of Sexual Transmission in the General Population (Including Youth); Prevention of HIV in Persons Engaged in High-Risk Behaviors; Medical Transmission; Counseling and Testing; Prevention with Positives Taskforce; Male Circumcision Taskforce; Care and Treatment Steering