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FIGURE 3-3 Example structure of PEPFAR mission team.
NOTE: The structure of each team will vary by country. Different TWGs are present in different countries; this figure includes an illustrative example. CDC = U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; DoD = U.S. Department of Defense; HHS = U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; OVC = orphans and vulnerable children; PMTCT = prevention of mother-to-child transmission; TWG = technical working group; USAID = U.S. Agency for International Development.
SOURCE: Adapted from IOM and NRC, 2010, OGAC, 2009a, and information gathered from mission teams on country visits (November 2010–February 2012).

tion between the Global Fund and USG programs (240-2-USG; 331-3-USG; 587-2-USG; 196-6-USG; 196-26-USG; 636-3-USG; 116-4-USG; 166-4-USG; 166-31-USG; 272-2-USG; 935-2-USG; 461-4-USG; 542-3-USG; 396-2-USG; 396-39-USG; 934-2-USG; NCV-20-USG) (IOM, 2007; IOM and NRC, 2010; USG, 2011).

Although some PEPFAR-supported activities are implemented directly by members of the mission team, most PEPFAR-supported programs and services within countries are implemented by a variety of different partners, including international and partner country nongovernmental organizations, academic institutions, partner country governments, private-sector entities, civil society organizations, and faith-based organizations. Most of the activities that PEPFAR supports and implements in partner countries are determined by and contracted through the in-country mission teams, although some programs and initiatives are funded and managed at the central, headquarters level. Chapter 4 describes in more detail the different ways in which programs are funded and implemented.

Activities are expected to aim toward performance targets and goals in areas such as prevention, care, treatment, monitoring and evaluation, Partnership Framework development, capacity building, and health systems strengthening (the process for setting program targets is discussed further in Chapter 11, Knowledge Management) (OGAC, 2004, 2009b). Specific activities supported and implemented by PEPFAR will be described and



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