Chapter 2 summarizes presentations from the kickoff session of the workshop, focused on the applications of the ACS in planning for health care and transportation services. Based primarily on the experiences of nonprofit organizations and their use of the ACS, Chapter 3 describes the workshop block on ACS uses in planning for social services and preparing for (and responding to) natural and manmade disasters. To close the first afternoon of the workshop, the steering committee sought perspectives from three users in the print and online media; that discussion is in Chapter 4. The core of the second day of the workshop was oriented more around different “sectors” of ACS data users than specific topics; the experiences of state, local, and tribal government users and of business, economic development, and “data aggregator” users are discussed in Chapters 5 and 6, respectively. Chapter 7 turns to one important use of the ACS that is explicitly spelled out in federal law and regulation—to ensure compliance by state and local governments with the terms of the Voting Rights Act—as well as to related legal, political, and social equity uses of the ACS. The previously mentioned panel discussion on various aspects of burden associated with the ACS and the capstone discussion of the workshop are summarized in Chapter 8.