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Contents 1 Introduction 1 1–A The Workshop on the Benefits (and Burdens) of the American Community Survey 5 1–B “The Elephant in the Room”: Legislative Context for the Workshop 7 1–C Report Overview 9 2 Planning Health Care and Transportation Using the ACS 11 2–A Providing Data and Analysis to State Health Care Decision Makers 12 2–B Public Health Surveillance and Adding Value to Other Health Data Resources in New York City 17 2–C Framework for ACS- and Data-Based Health Care Planning 20 2–D Regional Transportation Modeling in Greater San Diego 24 2–E Meeting Language Implementation Requirements in Public Transit in Harris County, Texas 28 2–F Discussion 32 3 Planning Social Services and Responding to Disasters 35 3–A Contrast with the Current Population Survey for Studying Low-Income “Safety Net” Policies 36 3–B Interpreting ACS Results to Inform Social Service Providers 41 3–C Tracking Disaster Impact and Recovery in Post-Katrina New Orleans 47 3–D Framework for Using Data in Disaster Preparation 51 ix

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x CONTENTS 4 ACS and the Media 57 4–A Finding Stories in ACS Data 58 4–B Data-Based Investigation: Impact of Immigration in California 62 4–C Graphics and Presentation of Data to Newspaper and News Website Readers 66 4–D Discussion 71 5 State, Local, Tribal, and Urban/Rural Uses of ACS Data 75 5–A State Government Uses: Highlighting Diversity and Informing Policy in Minnesota 76 5–B Planning Human Services in Rural America 80 5–C Mapping ACS Detail in New York City 85 5–D Studying Demographic and Economic Conditions in the Navajo Nation 92 5–E ACS Views from the Counties, and Discussion 96 6 Business, Economic Development, and Data Aggregator Uses 99 6–A ACS Data for Economic Development and Workforce Planning Projects 100 6–B IPUMS: Compiling and Disseminating ACS Data Products 104 6–C ACS in Business: Marketing Services and Information Management Services 110 6–D ACS in Business: Understanding Teleworking, Wage Inequality, and Housing 113 6–E ACS in Business: Risk Assessment and Insurance 119 6–F ACS from the Construction and Home Building Perspective, and Discussion 122 7 Legal and Social Equity Uses of ACS Data 127 7–A Implementing Voting Rights Acts Language Requirements in Queens, New York City 128 7–B ACS Data in Redistricting Studies and Challenges 133 7–C Studying Disparate Impacts in Housing 136 7–D The Legal and Political Climate of the ACS, and Discussion 140 8 The Burdens of the ACS, and Closing Discussion 145 8–A Maintaining Reliable Information for Policy Assessments 147 8–B Tradeoffs: Using a Federal Survey to Drive State and Local Government Decisions 149 8–C Intrusiveness and Privacy Concerns 152 8–D Identifying (and Reducing) Respondent Burden 155 8–E Respondent Complaints and Congressional Reaction 159

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CONTENTS xi 8–F Discussion 163 8–G Workshop Closing Remarks, and Discussion 164 References 167 Appendixes 171 A Workshop Agenda and Participant List 173 B Biographical Sketches 179

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