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Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

Vernon P. Roan, Chair, is retired director of the Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering and professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Florida, where he has been a faculty member for more than 30 years. Since 1994, he has also been the director of the University of Florida Fuel Cell Research and Training Laboratory. He has developed improved modeling and simulation systems for a fuel cell bus program and worked as a consultant to Pratt and Whitney on advanced gas-turbine propulsion systems. Previously, he was a senior design engineer with Pratt and Whitney Aircraft. Dr. Roan has more than 25 years of research and development experience. His research at the University of Florida has involved both spark-ignition and diesel engines operating with many alternative fuels and advanced concepts. With groups of engineering students, he designed and built a 20-passenger diesel-electric bus for the Florida Department of Transportation and a hybrid-electric urban car using an internal combustion engine and lead-acid batteries. He has been a consultant to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), monitoring JPL’s electric and hybrid vehicle programs. He has organized and chaired two national meetings on advanced vehicle technologies and a national seminar on the development of fuel-cell-powered automobiles and has published numerous technical papers on innovative propulsion systems. He was one of the four members of the Fuel Cell Technical Advisory Panel of the California Air Resources Board (CARB), which issued a report in May 1998 regarding the status and outlook for fuel cells for transportation applications. He also served on the CARB Expert Panel on Zero Emission Vehicles, which issued a report in 2007. He has served on numerous National Research Council committees, including the Committee on the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership, Phase 1, Phase 2, and Phase 3, and the prior committee on



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A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Vernon P. Roan, Chair, is retired director of the Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering and professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Florida, where he has been a faculty member for more than 30 years. Since 1994, he has also been the director of the University of Florida Fuel Cell Research and Train- ing Laboratory. He has developed improved modeling and simulation systems for a fuel cell bus program and worked as a consultant to Pratt and Whitney on advanced gas-turbine propulsion systems. Previously, he was a senior design engineer with Pratt and Whitney Aircraft. Dr. Roan has more than 25 years of research and development experience. His research at the University of Florida has involved both spark-ignition and diesel engines operating with many alter- native fuels and advanced concepts. With groups of engineering students, he designed and built a 20-passenger diesel-electric bus for the Florida Department of Transportation and a hybrid-electric urban car using an internal combustion engine and lead-acid batteries. He has been a consultant to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), monitoring JPL’s electric and hybrid vehicle programs. He has organized and chaired two national meetings on advanced vehicle technologies and a national seminar on the development of fuel-cell-powered automobiles and has published numerous technical papers on innovative propulsion systems. He was one of the four members of the Fuel Cell Technical Advisory Panel of the California Air Resources Board (CARB), which issued a report in May 1998 regarding the status and outlook for fuel cells for transportation applications. He also served on the CARB Expert Panel on Zero Emission Vehicles, which issued a report in 2007. He has served on numerous National Research Council com- mittees, including the Committee on the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership, Phase 1, Phase 2, and Phase 3, and the prior committee on 157

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158 APPENDIX A review of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles. Dr. Roan received his B.S. in aeronautical engineering and his M.S. in engineering from the University of Florida and his Ph.D. in engineering from the University of Illinois. R. Stephen Berry (NAS) is the James Franck Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Chemistry at the University of Chicago and holds appointments in the College, the James Franck Institute, and the Department of Chemistry. He has also held an appointment in the School of Public Policy Studies at the University of Chicago and has worked on a variety of subjects ranging from strictly scientific matters to a variety of topics in policy. He spent 1994 at the Freie Universität Berlin as an awardee of the Humboldt Prize. In 1983 he was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship. His experimental research includes studies of negative ions, chemi- cal reactions, detection of transient molecular species, ­ hotoionization, and other p laser-matter interactions. Other research has involved interweaving thermodynam- ics with economics and resource policy, including efficient use of energy. Since the mid-1970s, Dr. Berry has worked on issues of science and the law, and with management of scientific data, activities that have brought him into the arena of electronic media for scientific information and issues of intellectual property in that context. Dr. Berry is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He attended Harvard University, where he received an A.B. and an A.M. in chemistry and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry. David L. Bodde serves as a professor and senior fellow at Clemson University. Prior to joining Clemson University, Dr. Bodde held the Charles N. Kimball Chair in Technology and Innovation at the University of Missouri in Kansas City. Dr. Bodde serves on the board of directors of several energy and technology com- panies, including Great Plains Energy, and the Commerce Funds. His executive experience includes the following: vice president, Midwest Research Institute; president, MRI Ventures; assistant director, Congressional Budget Office; and deputy assistant secretary in the U.S. Department of Energy. He has served as a member of the NRC’s Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, the Com- mittee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use, and the Committee on Assessment of Resource Needs for Fuel Cell and Hydro- gen Technologies. He has a doctorate in business administration from Harvard University, M.S. degrees in nuclear engineering (1972) and management (1973), and a B.S. from the United States Military Academy. Kathryn Bullock is the president and founder of Coolohm, Inc., which is a techni- cal consulting company that specializes in direct current (dc) power sources such as batteries, capacitors, and fuel cells and their application in electronic systems. She is also an adjunct faculty member at Villanova University, where she teaches a course on electrochemical power sources, including fuel cells, batteries, and capacitors and their application in dc power systems. Her previous positions

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APPENDIX A 159 include vice president, C&D Technologies, Inc., where she was responsible for the development of new battery products and new product applications such as solar energy and fuel cell systems and for providing technical leadership and support to executive and board members; development manager, Power Sources, Medtronic, Inc., Promeon Division; technical manager, Batteries and Purchased Products, Lucent Technologies, Bell Laboratories (Mesquite, Texas); and manager, Chemi- cal Research Department, and senior electrochemist, Electrochemical Research Department, Johnson Controls, Inc. She has extensive research and development and manufacturing experience in electrochemical devices, including batteries and capacitors. She has a Ph.D. in physical chemistry and an M.S. in chemistry from Northwestern University, and a B.A. in English from the University of Colorado. Dennis A. Corrigan is the founder and president of DC Energy Consulting, LLC, and has been on the research faculty of Wayne State University for the past several years, including during a 2011 Intergovernmental Personnel Act (IPA) assignment to the U.S. Army Tank and Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center (TARDEC) where he served as chief energy strategist. His career has focused on electrochemical energy conversion devices for electric and hybrid vehicle applications. His research and development experience spans a wide range, from fundamental materials research at the atomic level to the inte- gration of full systems in vehicular applications, for more than 12 years at GM Research Labs and 16 years at Energy Conversion Devices (ECD Ovonics). He has had direct experience with lead-acid, nickel-zinc, nickel-metal hydride, and lithium batteries, as well as proton exchange membrane and alkaline fuel cells and supercapacitors, and the integration of electrochemical power systems into electric and hybrid vehicles. More recently, Dr. Corrigan developed graduate engineering courses on automotive batteries and fuel cells as well as the base introductory course on hybrid and electric vehicles for Wayne State University’s new electric drive vehicle engineering curriculum. He has a B.S. in chemistry from Purdue University and a Ph.D. in electrochemistry from the University of Wisconsin. He has contributed more than 60 technical publications, 100 presen- tations, and three edited books and has 19 issued U.S. patents. Dr. Corrigan has served many years as an officer of the Detroit Section of the Electrochemical Society, including three terms as chair. Glenn A. Eisman is a principal partner at Eisman Technology Consultants, LLC; a managing partner at H2Pump, LLC; and an adjunct professor at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in materials science and engineering (Troy, N.Y.) and at the Graduate College of Engineering at Union University (Schenectady, N.Y.). His previous positions include chief technology officer, Plug Power, Inc.; technical leader, the Advanced Materials Program, Central Research and New Businesses, Dow Chemical Company; project leader, Discovery Research R&D and Inorganic Chemical Research, Dow Chemical Company; and Robert A. Welch Research

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160 APPENDIX A F ­ ellow, University of Texas-Austin. Dr. Eisman has 30 years of experience in research and development and product development on fuel cells, hydrogen technologies, electrochemical engineering, physical and inorganic solid-state chemistry, and new technology commercialization and business development. He received the Inventor of the Year Award, Dow Chemical Co., in 1993. He earned a bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Temple University and a Ph.D. in physical inorganic chemistry from Northeastern University. He has published more than 20 technical papers and has been awarded more than 20 U.S. patents. W. Robert Epperly is an independent consultant. From 1994 to 1997, he was the president of Catalytica Advanced Technologies, Inc., a company developing new catalytic technologies for the petroleum and chemical industries. Prior to joining Catalytica, he was the general manager of Exxon Corporate Research and earlier had been the director of the Exxon Fuels Research Laboratory. After leaving Exxon, he was the chief executive officer of Fuel Tech N.V., a company developing new combustion and air pollution control technology. Mr. Epperly has authored or co-authored more than 50 publications on technical and managerial topics, including two books, and has 38 U.S. patents. He has extensive experience in the conversion of fossil feedstocks to alternative fuels such as gases and liquids, fuels, catalysis, air pollution control, and research and development management. He received an M.S. degree in chemical engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. David E. Foster is the Phil and Jean Myers Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1973 and 1975, respectively. He received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering in 1979 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has been a faculty member at the University of Wisconsin since completion of his Ph.D. He teaches and conducts research in the areas of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and chemical kinetic and emission formation processes in internal combustion engines. He is an active member of the Engine Research Center, of which he served as the director from 1994 through 1999, and as of September 2008 is again serving as director. He is also the co-director of the General Motors-ERC Collaborative Research Labora- tory, a collaborative research effort between General Motors Research and the Engine Research Center that was established in 2003. Professor Foster is a recipi- ent of the Ralph R. Teetor Award, the Forest R. McFarland Award, and multiple Lloyd L. Withrow Distinguished Speaker Awards of the Society of Automotive Engineers. Professor Foster is a registered professional engineer in the state of Wisconsin and has won departmental, engineering society, and university awards for his classroom teaching. He was a member of the National Research ­ ouncil’s C Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles review committee for 6 years and has served on the NRC Committee to Assess Fuel Economy Technologies

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APPENDIX A 161 of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, the NRC Committee on Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program, and the Committee to Review the 21st Century Truck Partnership. He has been awarded an Academic Contribution Award from the Japan Society of Automotive Engineers (JSAE) and a Honda Gold Medal from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for outstand- ing contributions in the field of personal transportation, and he is a fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers. Gerald Gabrielse (NAS) is Leverett Professor of Physics at Harvard University. His previous positions include assistant and associate professor at the University of Washington-Seattle and chair of the Harvard Physics Department. His physics research focuses on making the most accurate measurements of the electron mag- netic moment and the fine structure constant, and on precise laser spectroscopy of helium. Professor Gabrielse also leads the International ATRAP Collabora- tion, whose goal is accurate laser spectroscopy with trapped antihydrogen atoms. His many awards and prizes include fellow of the American Physical Society, Davisson-Germer Prize of the American Physical Society, the Humboldt Research Award (Germany, 2005), and the Tomassoni Award (Italy, 2008). Harvard Univer- sity awarded Professor Gabrielse both its George Ledlie Research Prize and its Levenson Teaching Prize. Hundreds of outside lectures include a Källén Lecture (Sweden), a Poincaré Lecture (France), a Faraday Lecture (Cambridge, U.K.), a Schrodinger lecture (Austria), a Zachariasen Lecture (University of Chicago), and a Rosenthal Lecture (Yale University). He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He has a B.S. from Calvin College and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in physics ­ from the University of Chicago. Linos Jacovides (NAE) retired as the director of Delphi Research Labs, a position that he held from 1998 to 2007. Dr. Jacovides joined General Motors Research and Development in 1967 and became department head of electrical engineering in 1985. His areas of research were the interactions between power electronics and electrical machines in electric vehicles and locomotives. He later transitioned to Delphi with a group of researchers from GM to set up the Delphi Research Laboratories. He is a fellow of both the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the Society of Automotive Engineers; he was president of the Industry Applications Society of IEEE in 1990. He received a B.S. degree in electrical engineering and an M.S in machine theory from the University of Glasgow, Scotland, in 1961 and 1962, respectively. He received his Ph.D. in gen- erator control systems from the Imperial College, University of London, in 1965. Harold H. Kung is professor of chemical engineering and director of the ­ enter C for Energy Efficient Transportation at Northwestern University. His areas of research include surface chemistry, catalysis, electrical energy storage, and chemi- cal reaction engineering. His professional experience includes work as a research

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162 APPENDIX A chemist at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Inc. He is a recipient of the P.H. Emmett Award and the Robert Burwell Lectureship Award from the North Ameri- can Catalysis Society, the Herman Pines Award of the Chicago Catalysis Club, the G.A. Somorjai Award of the American Chemical Society, and the E. Thisele Award of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Chicago Section. He is an editor of Applied Catalysis A: General. He has a Ph.D. in chemistry from Northwestern University. Gene Nemanich is the retired vice president of Hydrogen Systems for ­ hevron C Technology Ventures where he was responsible for hydrogen supply and develop- ing and commercializing new hydrogen technologies. He has 32 years of experi- ence with integrated oil companies, including Exxon, Cities Service, Texaco, and Chevron. He has also worked in the areas of refining, clean coal technology, oil supply and trading, and research leading to the development of new hydrogen sys- tems. He represented Texaco in the California Fuel Cell Partnership in 2000-2001 and was a director of Texaco Ovonic Hydrogen Systems LLC, a joint venture with Energy Conversion Devices to commercialize metal hydride hydrogen storage systems. He was one of seven industry leaders who helped prepare the Depart- ment of Energy-sponsored Hydrogen Roadmap, and he has served as chair of the National Hydrogen Association. He has served on several National Research Council committees, including those on the Assessment of Resource Needs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technologies, Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies—A Focus on Hydrogen and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Phase 3 Review. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Illinois and an M.B.A. from the University of Houston. Robert J. Nowak is a consultant in the areas of advanced energy storage and con- version. He has directed and supported research in fuel cells, batteries, capacitors, energy harvesting, fuel processing, thermal energy conversion, micro-engines, hydrogen storage, biofuel cells, sonoluminescence, and biomolecular motors. He has served on several National Research Council (NRC) committees. He received his B.A. and M.S. degrees in chemistry from Oakland University and his Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the University of Cincinnati. He was selected as NRC Postdoctoral Fellow at the Naval Research Laboratory in 1979 and worked there as a staff member until 1986. He was a program manager at the Office of Naval Research (1986-1996) and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (1996-2002). Bernard Robertson (NAE) is president of BIR1, LLC, an engineering consul- tancy specializing in transportation and energy matters that he founded in January 2004, upon his retirement from DaimlerChrysler Corporation. During the latter part of his 38-year career in the automotive industry, Mr. Robertson was elected

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APPENDIX A 163 an officer of Chrysler Corporation in February 1992. He was appointed senior vice president coincident with the merger of Chrysler Corporation and Daimler- Benz AG in November 1998, and was named senior vice president of engineering technologies and regulatory affairs in January 2001. In his last position, he led the Liberty and Technical Affairs Research Group; Advanced Technology Manage- ment and FreedomCAR activities; and hybrid electric, battery electric, fuel cell, and military vehicle development. In addition, he was responsible for regulatory analysis and compliance for safety and emissions. Mr. Robertson holds an M.B.A. degree from Michigan State University, a master’s degree in automotive engineer- ing from the Chrysler Institute, and a master’s degree in mechanical sciences from Cambridge University, England. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers (U.K.), a Chartered Engineer (U.K.), and a fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers. Constantine Samaras is an engineer at the RAND Corporation, a professor at the Pardee RAND Graduate School, and an adjunct assistant professor of engi- neering and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University. He researches how policy actions and research and development investments affect energy pathways and security, infrastructure requirements, economic and innovation outcomes, and life-cycle environmental impacts. He has extensive experience analyzing advanced technology deployment in the transportation and electricity systems and has published studies exploring the life-cycle environmental, economic, and policy aspects of electric vehicles, hydrogen, and biomass, as well as renewable and conventional electricity and fuels. He received a Ph.D. in engineering and public policy and civil and environmental engineering from Carnegie Mellon and is a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Accredited Profes- sional in Building Design and Construction.  R. Rhoads Stephenson is currently a technology consultant. Previously, he held a number of positions at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), the National High- way Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), and Martin Marietta Corporation. At JPL, the positions in which he served included deputy director and acting director, technology and applications programs; manager, electronics and control division; deputy manager, control and energy conversion division; and manager, systems analysis section. He also served as associate administrator for research and development at NHTSA, and while at Martin Marietta Corporation he worked on energy conversion devices for space power. He has been a consultant to the Motor Vehicle Fire Research Institute, has been providing peer reviews of automo- tive safety issues, and has recently published a number of papers on crash-induced fire safety issues with motor vehicles, including hydrogen-fueled vehicles. He recently (2010-2011) was acting associate director of the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis at the California Institute of Technology. He has extensive exper- tise in vehicle safety analysis, advanced technology systems, energy conversion

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164 APPENDIX A technologies, and energy and environmental analysis. He has a B.S., an M.S., and a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Carnegie Mellon University. Kathleen C. Taylor (NAE) is retired director of the Materials and Processes Laboratory at General Motors Research and Development and Planning Center, located in Warren, Michigan. Dr. Taylor was simultaneously chief scientist for General Motors of Canada, Ltd., in Oshawa, Ontario. Earlier she was department head for physics and physical chemistry and department head for environmental sciences. Currently, Dr. Taylor serves on the Department of Energy Hydrogen Technology Advisory Committee and on the board of the National Inventors Hall of Fame. She was awarded the Garvan Medal from the American Chemical Society. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Indian National Academy of Engineering, and she is a fellow of SAE International and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She was president of the Materials Research Society and chair of the board of directors of the Gordon Research Conferences. She has expertise in research and development management, fuel cells, batteries, catalysis, exhaust emission control, and automotive materials. She received an A.B. in chemistry from Douglass College and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Northwestern University. Brijesh Vyas is a distinguished member of the technical staff at LGS Innova- tions, LLC. Previously he was a member of the Nanotechnology and Integrated Photonic Research Departments at Bell Labs, Murray Hill, New Jersey, where he was responsible for advanced materials and processes for microelectromechanical and photonic devices. He was also technical manager of the energy conversion technology group, responsible for research on advanced materials and technolo- gies for energy storage systems. He has led efforts to develop various rechargeable batteries and related energy conversion technologies for a variety of telecom- munications applications. He was formerly at the Brookhaven National Labora- tory and has been a guest professor at the Technical University of Denmark in C ­ openhagen, investigating corrosion and erosion of metals. He received the Sam Tour Award from the American Society of Materials and Testing. His areas of expertise include materials science, electrochemistry, and corrosion. He served on the NRC Committee to Review the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium’s Electric Vehicle Battery R&D Project Selection Process. He received a bachelor’s degree in ­ etallurgical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay m and a Ph.D. in materials science from the State University of New York, Stony Brook.