Recommendation [2-4]. The Partnership should establish an emergency response R&D program with the involvement of emergency responders and research organizations to do fundamental work on the response to incidents involving alternative fuels. High-voltage batteries and electrical systems should also be included. [NRC, 2010, p. 42.]

Recommendation [2-5]. The Partnership should fully integrate the DOT safety efforts into the safety and the codes and standards aspects of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership. All relevant parts of the DOT should be included: those involving passenger vehicles, trucks, the hydrogen bus program, pipelines and hazardous materials, fuel delivery trailers, and others. Alternative fuels should be included. The DOE and the Partnership’s Executive Steering Group should consider adding a high-level DOT representative to the ESG. [NRC, 2010, pp. 42-43.]

Battery Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric
Vehicles and the U.S. Electric Grid

Recommendation [2-6]. The grid interaction technical team should work with state utility regulatory authorities, perhaps through the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners, to ensure that the incentives provided by state regulations mesh well with the national interest in vehicle deployment, reduced oil consumption, and lower greenhouse gas emissions. [NRC, 2010, p. 49.]

Recommendation [2-7]. The grid interaction technical team should continue to encourage and, where appropriate, facilitate the ongoing development of open-architecture standards for smart-vehicle/smart-grid interconnections currently being developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the Society of Automotive Engineers. In doing so, the technical team should encourage participation from the purveyors of smart-grid systems and battery suppliers as well as from the electric utility industry. [NRC, 2010, pp. 49-50.]

Recommendation [2-8]. Standards for the reuse of electric vehicle batteries should be developed under leadership of the grid interaction technical team, and training materials for the use of these standards should be developed in parallel. [NRC, 2010, p. 50.]

Persisting Trends in Automotive Innovation:
Implications for the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership

Recommendation [2-9]. The Partnership should consider including manufacturing processes among the precompetitive R&D programs. Because its funding originates in the United States, the Partnership should emphasize the technologies and methods most capable of realizing advanced vehicle production in the United States, to the extent that this is feasible. [NRC, 2010, p. 51.]

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