E

Acronyms and Abbreviations

ac alternating current
ACEA European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association
ACEC advanced combustion and emission control (technical team)
AEV all-electric vehicle
ANL Argonne National Laboratory
APEEM Advanced Power and Electronic Motors
ARPA-E Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (DOE)
ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

B&EDT batteries and electric drive technologies
BES Basic Energy Sciences (Office of; DOE)
BEV battery electric vehicle
BMEP brake mean effective pressure
BNL Brookhaven National Laboratory
BTE brake thermal efficiency

CAFE Corporate Average Fuel Economy
CAPEX capital expenditure
CCS carbon capture and sequestration
CFD computational fluid dynamics
CLEERS Crosscut Lean Exhaust Emission Reduction Simulation
CNG compressed natural gas
CO carbon monoxide
CO2 carbon dioxide
COE center of excellence


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E Acronyms and Abbreviations ac alternating current ACEA European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association ACEC advanced combustion and emission control (technical team) AEV all-electric vehicle ANL Argonne National Laboratory APEEM Advanced Power and Electronic Motors ARPA-E Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (DOE) ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 B&EDT batteries and electric drive technologies BES Basic Energy Sciences (Office of; DOE) BEV battery electric vehicle BMEP brake mean effective pressure BNL Brookhaven National Laboratory BTE brake thermal efficiency CAFE Corporate Average Fuel Economy CAPEX capital expenditure CCS carbon capture and sequestration CFD computational fluid dynamics CLEERS Crosscut Lean Exhaust Emission Reduction Simulation CNG compressed natural gas CO carbon monoxide CO2 carbon dioxide COE center of excellence 181

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182 APPENDIX E COF covalent organic framework CPU central processing unit CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement CRC Coordinating Research Council dc direct current DOD U.S. Department of Defense DOE U.S. Department of Energy DOT U.S. Department of Transportation DRIVE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle Efficiency and Energy Sustainability E85 85 percent ethanol ECN Engine Combustion Network EERE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Office of; DOE) EGR exhaust gas recirculation EIA U.S. Energy Information Administration EISA Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPRI Electric Power Research Institute EREV extended-range electric vehicle ESG Executive Steering Group EUMD end-use measurement device EV electric vehicle EVSE electric vehicle supply equipment FACE Fuels for Advanced Combustion Engines FCFP FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership FCTP Fuel Cell Technologies Program FCV fuel cell vehicle FCVT FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (program) FE Fossil Energy (Office of; DOE) FPITT fuel pathway integration technical team FY fiscal year gge gallon gasoline equivalent GHG greenhouse gas GITT grid integration technical team GM General Motors GPU graphical processing unit GREET Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (model) GTR Global Technical Regulation

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APPENDIX E 183 H, H2 hydrogen H2A Hydrogen Technology (model) HC hydrocarbon HCCI homogeneous charge compression ignition HEV hybrid electric vehicle HFCTP Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Program HFCV hydrogen fuel cell vehicle HHV higher heating value HTML high-temperature materials laboratory ICE internal combustion engine IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IP intellectual property ISO International Organization for Standardization JCAP Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis kg kilogram kHz kilohertz kW kilowatt kWe kilowatt (electric) kWh kilowatt-hour LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LDV light-duty vehicle Li-ion lithium-ion LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LNG liquefied natural gas LTC low-temperature combustion MEA membrane electrode assembly Mg magnesium MOF metal organic framework MPa megapascal mpg miles per gallon MTT materials technical team MY model year NAE National Academy of Engineering NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NE Nuclear Energy (Office of; DOE)

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184 APPENDIX E NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NOx nitrogen oxides NRC National Research Council NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory NSF National Science Foundation OD&A outreach, deployment and analysis OEM original equipment manufacturer OPEX operating expenditure ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PAN polyacrylnitrile PEC photoelectrochemical PEM proton exchange membrane PGM platinum group metal PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle PM particulate matter; permanent magnet PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PSAT Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit psi pounds per square inch R&D research and development RCCI reactivity controlled compression ignition RCS regulations, codes, and standards rpm revolutions per minute SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SBIR Small Business Innovation Research SC Science (Office of; DOE) SCR selective catalytic reduction SCS Safety, Codes and Standards SDO standards development organization SiC silicon carbide SIE spark ignition engine SNL Sandia National Laboratories SRNL Savannah River National Laboratory SS solid state ST solar thermal STTR Small Business Technology Transfer SUV sport utility vehicle

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APPENDIX E 185 T2B5 Tier 2 Bin 5 (standards) 21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership TRL technology readiness level USABC United States Advanced Battery Consortium USCAR U.S. Council for Automotive Research U.S. DRIVE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle Efficiency and Energy Sustainability VSATT vehicle systems and analysis technical team VSST vehicle systems simulation and testing VT vehicle technologies VTP Vehicle Technologies Program (Office of) ZEV zero-emission vehicle

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