The Summary presents the committee’s main conclusions and recommendations. This chapter (Chapter 1) provides background on the Partnership and on its organization. Chapter 2 examines the important crosscutting issues that the program is facing. Chapter 3 looks more closely at R&D for the various vehicle technologies, and Chapter 4 examines R&D for hydrogen production, distribution, and dispensing, as well as issues related to the use of biofuels and electricity for use in vehicles. Finally, Chapter 5 discusses the adequacy and balance of program efforts in the Partnership.

The structure of the chapters varies because of their different respective areas of focus. Chapter 2 addresses crosscutting issues, and those subjects do not have a technology development focus with specific milestones against which to assess progress, but the sections do address the importance of these issues to the success of the Partnership in meeting its goals, as well as discussing how well the Partnership has responded to the Phase 3 report recommendations.

The sections in Chapter 3 follow, for the most part, a structure that addresses, consistent with the statement of task, the following: (1) brief background on activities, budgets, and discussion of the technology and its importance to the goals of the program; (2) the current status of technologies vis-à-vis goals and targets; (3) an assessment of progress and key achievements; (4) significant barriers and issues that need to be addressed; (5) the response to recommendations from the Phase 3 review; (6) the appropriate federal role; and (7) recommendations.

Chapter 4 addresses the energy carriers for advanced vehicles, some of which, like hydrogen, are within the purview of the U.S. DRIVE Partnership and others, such as natural gas and biofuels, which are not. The chapter comments on status, progress, and response to Phase 3 recommendations for those areas that are part of the Partnership and makes recommendations for future efforts. Chapter 5 is a short chapter that comments, as in previous reports and as required by the statement of task, on the overall adequacy and balance of the program.

In addition to the appendixes referred to above (committee biographical information, the EERE organizational chart, and the list of meetings and presentations), Appendix B reprints the recommendations from the Phase 3 report, and Appendix E defines the report’s acronyms and abbreviations.


Bernanke, B.S. 2011. Promoting research and development: The government’s role. Issues in Science and Technology. A publication of the National Academies and the University of Texas-Dallas. Summer. Available at

DOE (Department of Energy). 2004a. Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure: Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan. DOE/GO-102003-1741. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Available at

DOE. 2004b. FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Multi-Year Program Plan. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Available at

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