Elgowainy, A., J. Han, L. Poch, M. Wang, A. Vyas, M. Mahalik, and A. Rousseau. 2010. Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. ANL/ESD/10-1. Argonne, Ill.: Argonne National Laboratory.
Gaines, L., J. Sullivan, A. Burnham, and I. Belharouak. 2011. Life-cycle analysis of production and recycling of lithium ion batteries. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2252(1):57-65.
Graedel, T.E., and B.R. Allenby. 2004. Industrial Ecology and Sustainable Engineering. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Harto, Christopher, Robert Meyers, and Eric Williams. 2010. Life cycle water use of low-carbon transport fuels. Energy Policy 38(9):4933-4944.
Hawkins, T.R., B. Singh, G. Majeau-Bettez, and A.H. Strømman. 2012. Comparative environmental life cycle assessment of conventional and electric vehicles. Journal of Industrial Ecology. Published online October 4. Available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00532.x/full.
Heath, Garvin A., and Margaret K. Mann. 2012. Background and reflections on the life cycle assessment harmonization project. Journal of Industrial Ecology 16:S8-S11.
Hendrickson, C.T., L.B. Lave, and H.S. Matthews. 2006. Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services: An Input-Output Approach. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future.
Lucas, Alexandre, Rui Costa Neto, and Carla Alexandra Silva. 2012. Impact of energy supply infrastructure in life cycle analysis of hydrogen and electric systems applied to the Portuguese transportation sector. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37(15):10973-10985.
Majeau-Bettez, Guillaume, Troy R. Hawkins, and Anders Hammer Strømman. 2011. Life cycle environmental assessment of lithium-ion and nickel metal hydride batteries for plug-in hybrid and battery electric vehicles. Environmental Science and Technology 45(10):4548-4554.
McDonough, W., M. Braungart, P.T. Anastas, and J.B. Zimmerman. 2003. Applying the principles of green engineering to cradle-to-cradle design. Environmental Science and Technology 37(23):434-441.
Michalek, Jeremy J., Mikhail Chester, Paulina Jaramillo, Constantine Samaras, Ching-Shin Norman Shiau, and Lester B. Lave. 2011. Valuation of plug-in vehicle life-cycle air emissions and oil displacement benefits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(40, October 4):16554-16558.
Nguyen, N. 2010. Hydrogen Fueled Vehicle Global Technical Regulation and Research and Development. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Available at http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/pdfs/ihfpv_nguyen.pdf.
Notter, Dominic A., Marcel Gauch, Rolf Widmer, Patrick Wäger, Anna Stamp, Rainer Zah, and Hans-Jörg Althaus. 2010. Contribution of Li-ion batteries to the environmental impact of electric vehicles. Environmental Science and Technology 44(17):6550-6556.
NRC (National Research Council). 2004. Materials Count: The Case for Material Flows Analysis. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.
NRC. 2005. Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: First Report. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.
NRC. 2008. Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Second Report. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.
NRC. 2010. Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.
Rogers, Kristin, and Thomas P. Seager. 2009. Environmental decision-making using life cycle impact assessment and stochastic multiattribute decision analysis: A case study on alternative transportation fuels. Environmental Science and Technology 43(6):1718-1723.
SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers). 2009. “Technical Information Report for Fuel Systems in Fuel Cell and Other Hydrogen Vehicles: Product Code: 2579.” January 6. Available at http://standards.sae.org/j2579_200901/.