Plevin, R.J., M. O’Hare, A.D. Jones, M.S. Torn, and H.K. Gibbs. 2010. Greenhouse gas emissions from biofuels’ indirect land use change are uncertain but may be much greater than previously estimated. Environmental Science and Technology 44(21):8015-8021.

RAND Europe. 1997. Adaptive Policies, Policy Analysis, and Civil Aviation Policy-making. DRU-1514-VW/VROM/EZ. Leiden, The Netherlands: RAND Europe.

Righelato, R., and D.V. Spracklen. 2007. Carbon mitigation by biofuels or by saving and restoring forests? Science 317(5840):902-902.

R.L. Polk and Company. 2011. Average Age of Vehicles Reaches Record High, According to Polk. Available at Accessed May 5, 2012.

Swanson, D.A., and S. Bhadwal. 2009. Creating Adaptive Policies: A Guide for Policy-Making in an Uncertain World. Winnipeg, M.B., Canada: International Institute for Sustainable Development.

Thompson, W., S. Meyer, and P. Westhoff. 2010. The new markets for renewable identification numbers. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy 32(4):588-603.

TIAP (Tax Incentives Assistance Project). 2012. Consumer Tax Incentives: Passenger Vehicles. Available at Accessed April 12, 2012.

TRB (Transportation Research Board). 2009. TRB Special Report 298: Driving and the Built Environment: The Effects of Compact Development on Motorized Travel, Energy Use, and CO2 Emissions. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies.

USCAP (U.S. Climate Action Partnership). 2009. A Blueprint for Legislative Action. Consensus Recommendations for U.S. Climate Protection Legislation. Available at Accessed February 15, 2012.

Whitefoot, K.S., and S.J. Skerlos. 2012. Design incentives to increase vehicle size created from the US footprint-based fuel economy standards. Energy Policy 41:402-411.

Wipke, K., S. Sprik, J. Kurtz, T. Ramsden, C. Ainscough, and G. Saur. 2010. VII.1 Controlled hydrogen fleet and infrastructure analysis. In DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2010 Annual Progress Report. Golden, Colo.: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

———. 2012. National Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Learning Demonstration: Final Report. Golden, Colo.: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Wise, M., K. Calvin, A. Thomson, L. Clarke, B. Bond-Lamberty, R. Sands, S.J. Smith, A. Janetos, and J. Edmonds. 2009. Implications of limiting CO2 concentrations for land use and energy. Science 324(5931):1183-1186.

Yacobucci, B.D., and B. Canis. 2010. Accelerated Vehicle Retirement for Fuel Economy: “Cash for Clunkers.” Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service.

Zhang, C., H.Q. Tian, S.F. Pan, M.L. Liu, G. Lockaby, E.B. Schilling, and J. Stanturf. 2008. Effects of forest regrowth and urbanization on ecosystem carbon storage in a rural-urban gradient in the Southeastern United States. Ecosystems 11(8):1211-1222.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement