Click for next page ( 165

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement

Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 164
B Committee Biographies DOUGLAS M. CHAPIN (NAE), Chair, is a principal of marketing. Dr. Brodd began his career at the National Bureau MPR Associates, Inc., Alexandria, Virginia. He has extensive of Standards studying electrode reactions and phenomena experience in electrical, chemical, and nuclear engineer- that occur in battery operation. In 1961, Dr. Brodd joined the ing, with particular application to nuclear and conventional L.T.V. research Center of Ling Temco Vought, Inc., where power plant problems and functions, including numerous he established a group in fuel cells and batteries. In 1963, he aspects of power plant systems and associated components. moved to the Battery Products Technology Center of Union He has worked in such areas as instrumentation and control Carbide Corporation, with technical management responsi- systems, nuclear fuels, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, pumps, bilities for nickel-cadmium and lead acid rechargeable batter- advanced analysis methods, test facility design, and electrical ies, alkaline and carbon-zinc product lines, and exploratory systems and components. Dr. Chapin has worked on a num- R&D. He joined ESB (INCO Electroenergy, Inc.) in 1978 as ber of efforts including the Japan/Germany/United States director of technology. In 1982, Dr. Brodd established Brod- research program on loss of coolant accidents, served as darp, Inc., a consulting firm specializing in battery technol- project leader for the design, construction, and testing of the ogy, strategic planning, and technology planning. He moved loss of fluid test facility, was a member of the Electric Power to Amoco Research Center as project manager of a recharge- Research Institute’s (EPRI’s) Utility Review Committee on able lithium sulfur dioxide battery project. He subsequently Advanced Reactor Designs, and worked with the Utility/ moved to Gould, Inc., to establish their Lithium Powerdex EPRI Advanced Light Water Reactor Program that defines Battery Venture and then to Valence Technology, a venture utility requirements for future nuclear power plants. He was group developing a solid polymer electrolyte battery system chair of the NRC’s Committee on Application of Digital for rechargeable batteries for portable consumer devices as Instrumentation and Control Technology to Nuclear Power vice president, marketing. Dr. Brodd was elected president of Plant Operations and Safety. He has served on a number of the Electrochemical Society in 1981 and honorary member in NRC committees, including the Committee on America’s 1987. He was elected national secretary of the International Energy Future, the Committee on Review of Department of Society of Electrochemistry (1977-1982) and vice president Energy’s (DOE’s) Nuclear Energy R&D Program, and Board (1981-1983). He is past chairman of the Board of Directors on Energy and Environmental Systems (chair). Dr. Chapin is of the International Battery Materials Association (IBA). a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). Dr. Brodd has more than 100 publications and patents. He He served as a member of the NAE’s Electric Power/Energy received a B.A. degree in chemistry from Augustana College Systems Engineering Peer Committee and as a member of and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in physical chemistry from the the NAE’s Committee on Membership. He is also a fellow University of Texas at Austin. of the American Nuclear Society. He has a B.S. degree in electrical engineering, Duke University, an M.S. degree in GARY L. COWGER (NAE) is currently chairman and CEO applied science, George Washington University, and a Ph.D. of GLC Ventures, LLC—a management consultancy. He degree, nuclear studies in chemical engineering, Princeton retired from General Motors Corporation as Group Vice University. President—Global Manufacturing, Labor Relations and Manufacturing Engineering. In this position he was respon- RALPH J. BRODD is president of Broddarp of Nevada, Inc., sible for all of GM’s Global Manufacturing Operations. He a consulting firm specializing in technology assessment, held a variety of other senior positions at GM, including strategic planning and battery technology, production, and President of GM North America; Chairman—Adam Opel, 164

OCR for page 164
APPENDIX B 165 AG; Vice President for Operations, GM Europe; and Presi- concerning transport and energy. In 1994 and 1995, he was dent and Managing Director of GM de Mexico. Mr. Cowger a member of President Clinton’s policy dialogue on reducing has extensive experience in business, technology, engineer- greenhouse gas emissions from personal motor vehicles. He ing and manufacturing operations. He was responsible for co-authored the World Energy Council’s 1998 report Global the development and implementation of the GM global Transport and Energy Development—The Scope for Change. manufacturing system. He has also had extensive experience He was Lead Consultant to the World Business Council for in benchmarking, target-setting, and the creation and appli- Sustainable Development’s Sustainable Mobility Project, a cation of organizational and production-based performance project funded and carried out by 12 leading international measures. Mr. Cowger is the past Chairman of the Board automotive and energy companies. Dr. Eads is a member of for Kettering University and holds other Board positions in the Presidents’ Circle of the National Academies. He is an at- private and public organizations. Mr. Cowger holds an M.S. large director of the National Bureau of Economic Research. degree in management from the Massachusetts Institute of He received a Ph.D. degree in economics from Yale Univer- Technology and a B.S. degree in industrial engineering from sity. He has been on several National Academies committees, Kettering University (formally General Motors Institute). including the TRB study on Potential Energy Savings and Greenhouse Gas Reductions from Transportation, the TRB JOHN M. DeCICCO is a professor of practice at the School study on Climate Change and U.S. Transportation, and the of Natural Resources and Environment and research profes- America’s Climate Choices study. sor at the University of Michigan Energy Institute. Previous positions include senior fellow, automotive strategies, Envi- RAMON L. ESPINO is currently a research professor at ronmental Defense Fund; transportation program director, the University of Virginia, where he has been on the faculty American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy; and since 1999. Prior to joining the Department of Chemical staff scientist, National Audubon Society. His teaching and Engineering, he was with ExxonMobil for 26 years. He held advising interests address energy use and greenhouse gas a number of research management positions in petroleum (GHG) emissions from transportation as well as broader exploration and production, petroleum process and prod- aspects of sustainable mobility and energy use. His research ucts, alternative fuels and petrochemicals. He has published seeks to further public understanding of transportation sys- about 20 technical articles and holds 9 patents. Dr. Espino’s tems and GHGs, including the interlinked decision-making research interests focus on fuel cell technology, specifically structures (both private market and public process) that in the development of processors that convert clean fuels into underpin energy demand and emissions in the sector. He has hydrogen and of fuel cell anodes that are resistant to carbon published widely on analysis of the cost and improvements monoxide poisoning. Another area of interest is the conver- in emissions and fuel economy of advanced automotive sion of methane to clean liquid fuels and specifically the technologies and in recent years has focused increasingly on development of catalysts for the selective partial oxidation of the challenges of transportation fuels and GHG emissions. methane to synthesis gas. He has served on NRC committees He has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Princeton dealing with R&D in DOE’s fossil fuels programs, mitiga- University, an M.S.M.E. from North Carolina State Univer- tion of greenhouse gases and other topics related to energy sity, and a B.A. in mathematics from Catholic University of efficiency. He received a B.S. degree in chemical engineering America. from Louisiana State University and an M.S. and a doctor of science in chemical engineering from MIT. GEORGE C. EADS retired from Charles River Associates in 2008 after serving 12 years as a vice president. He remains JOHN GERMAN is a senior fellow for the International a senior consultant with the company. Prior to joining CRA, Council for Clean Transportation, with primarily responsibil- Dr Eads held several positions at the General Motors Cor- ity for technology innovation and U.S. policy development. poration, including vice president and chief economist; vice He has been involved with advanced technology and effi- president, Worldwide Economic and Market Analysis Staff; ciency since joining Chrysler in 1976, where he spent eight and vice president, Product Planning and Economics Staff. years in Powertrain Engineering working on fuel economy Before joining GM, Dr. Eads was dean of the School of issues. He then spent 13 years doing research and writing Public Affairs at the University of Maryland, College Park, regulations for EPA’s Office of Mobile Sources’ laboratory in where he also was a professor. Before that, he served as a Ann Arbor, Michigan. Prior to joining ICCT four years ago, member of President Carter’s Council of Economic Advisors, he spent 11 years as Manager of Environmental and Energy was a program manager at the RAND Corporation, served as Analyses for American Honda Motor Company, with an executive director of the National Commission on Supplies emphasis on being a liaison between Honda’s R&D people and Shortages, as Assistant Director of President Ford’s in Japan and regulatory affairs. Mr. German is the author Council on Wage and Price Stability, and taught at Harvard of a book on hybrid gasoline-electric vehicles published by University, Princeton University, and the George Washing- SAE and a variety of technical papers, including the future ton University. He has been involved in numerous projects of hybrid vehicles, technology costs and benefits, consumer

OCR for page 164
166 TRANSITIONS TO ALTERNATIVE VEHICLES AND FUELS valuation of fuel savings, feebates, and light truck trends. He number of other energy and environmental statutes. She was the first recipient of the Barry D. McNutt award, pre- was also a congressional fellow with then-Senate Majority sented annually by SAE for Excellence in Automotive Policy Leader Robert C. Byrd, an environmental scientist with the Analysis. He has a bachelor’s degree in physics from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and an environmental University of Michigan and partial credit toward an MBA. engineer and policy analyst at the EPA. Ms. Greenwald has a B.S. in engineering, cum laude, from Princeton University DAVID L. GREENE is a corporate fellow of Oak Ridge and an M.A. in science, technology and public policy from National Laboratory, where he has researched transporta- George Washington University. tion energy policy issues for the U.S. government for 35 years, a Senior Fellow of the Howard H. Baker, Jr. Center L. LOUIS HEGEDUS (NAE) is the retired senior vice for Public Policy and a Research Professor of Economics president, R&D, of Arkema Inc., and a visiting distinguished at the University of Tennessee. Greene is an author of more fellow at RTI International. Research programs at Arkema than 250 publications on transportation, energy and related supported market applications in the automotive, petroleum, issues. He is an emeritus member of both the Energy and energy conversion and storage, electronics, and construc- Alternative Fuels Committees of the Transportation Research tion industries. Dr. Hegedus was previously vice president, Board and a lifetime National Associate of the National Corporate Technical Group, at W.R. Grace. Research pro- Academies. He is a recipient of the TRB’s 2012 Roy W. grams included catalysts for petroleum refining, chemicals, Crum Award for distinguished achievement in transporta- emission control, and fuel cells; technical and electronic tion research, the TRB’s Pyke Johnson Award, the Society ceramics; electrochemical products including polymeric of Automotive Engineers’ 2004 Barry D. McNutt Award for membranes for electric storage batteries of various types; Excellence in Automotive Policy Analysis, the Department and construction materials and products. Prior to joining of Energy’s 2007 Hydrogen R&D Award and 2011 Vehicle W.R. Grace, Dr. Hegedus was affiliated with the General Technologies R&D Award, the International Association for Motors Research Laboratories where he managed research Energy Economics’ Award for Outstanding Paper of 1999 on the development of the catalytic converter for automobile for his research on the rebound effect, the Association of emission control. Before his graduate studies, he was an American Geographers’ 2011 Edward L. Ullman Award, and engineer with Daimler-Benz in Germany. He is a member of was recognized by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate NAE, and he is a recipient of the R.H. Wilhelm, Professional Change for contributions to the IPCC’s receipt of the 2007 Progress, Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Practice, and Nobel Peace Prize. He holds a B.A. from Columbia Univer- the Management Division awards of the American Institute sity, an M.A. from the University of Oregon, and a Ph.D. in of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) and the Leo Friend Award geography and environmental engineering from the Johns of the American Chemical Society (ACS)-Chemtech. At the Hopkins University. occasion of their 100th anniversary, AIChE named Dr. Hege- dus as one of “Hundred Chemical Engineers of the Modern JUDI GREENWALD is the vice president of technology and Era.” He was a founding member of AIChE’s Commission innovation at the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. on Energy Challenges and has served on several panels of the She oversees the analysis and promotion of innovation in the NRC’s Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, includ- major sectors that contribute to climate change, including ing one on critical chemical technologies, one on the future transportation, electric power, and buildings. Ms. Greenwald of catalysis, and one charged with the international bench- focuses on technology, business, state, regional, and federal marking of the U.S. chemical engineering competencies. innovation. She served on the Resource Panel for the north- Most recently, Dr. Hegedus served on panels of the National east Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the California Market Science Foundation dealing with the manufacture of nano- Advisory Committee, and as a policy advisor to the Western materials and with the development of rechargeable lithium Climate Initiative and the Midwest Greenhouse Gas Accord battery technology. At RTI International, he co-edited and Advisory Group. She previously served as the vice president co-authored the book Viewing America’s Energy Future in for innovative solutions at the Pew Center on Global Climate Three Dimensions—Technology, Economics, Society. Dr. Change, C2ES’s predecessor organization. Ms. Greenwald Hegedus obtained his Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the has nearly 30 years of experience working on energy and University of California, Berkeley, and his M.S. in chemical environmental policy. Prior to coming to the Pew Center, she engineering from the Technical University of Budapest, from worked as a consultant, focusing on innovative approaches to which he also received an honorary doctorate. solving environmental problems, including climate change. She also served as a senior advisor on the White House Cli- JOHN B. HEYWOOD (NAE) has been a faculty member mate Change Task Force. As a member of the professional at MIT since 1968, where he has been the Sun Jae Profes- staff of the Energy and Commerce Committee of the U.S. sor of Mechanical Engineering and director of the Sloan House of Representatives, she worked on the 1990 Clean Automotive Laboratory. His interests are focused on internal Air Act Amendments, the 1992 Energy Policy Act, and a combustion engines, their fuels, and broader studies of future

OCR for page 164
APPENDIX B 167 transportation technology, fuel supply options, and air pol- port. He has 17 patents and more than 20 technical publica- lutant and GHG emissions. He has published more than 200 tions and was a member of the NRC Committee on Economic papers in the technical literature and is the author of five and Environmental Impacts of Increasing Biofuels Produc- books, including a major text and professional reference, tion. He has lectured, published and consulted on refining Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. He is a fellow of technology, environmental and alternate fuels issues. Dr. the Society of Automotive Engineers. He has received many McGovern is a licensed professional engineer in New Jersey awards for his work, including the 1996 U.S. Department of and a past director of the Fuels and Petrochemicals Division Transportation Award for the Advancement of Motor Vehicle of AIChE. He earned a B.S. degree (magna cum laude) and Research and Development and the Society of Automotive M.S. degree in chemical engineering from Drexel University Engineers 2008 Award for his contributions to Automotive and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in chemical engineering from Policy. He is a member of the NAE and a fellow of the Princeton University. American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has a Ph.D. from MIT, a D.Sc. from Cambridge University, and honorary GENE NEMANICH is a consultant specializing in chemical degrees from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, processes. Previously, he was director of hydrogen systems and City University, London. for ChevronTexaco Technology Ventures where he was responsible for hydrogen supply and developing and com- VIRGINIA McCONNELL is senior fellow in the Quality of mercializing new hydrogen storage technologies. He has 31 the Environment Division of Resources for the Future (RFF), years of experience with integrated oil companies, including Inc. She is also a professor of economics at the University of Exxon, Cities Service, Texaco, and ChevronTexaco. He has Maryland, Baltimore County. Her recent work has centered also worked in the areas of refining, clean coal technology, on the evaluation of policies to reduce motor vehicle pollu- oil supply and trading, and hydrogen systems. He repre- tion, particularly on the role of pricing and other incentive- sented Texaco in the California Fuel Cell Partnership in based policies. She recently completed a study on hybrid 2000-2001 and is a director of Texaco Ovonic Hydrogen Sys- vehicles and the effectiveness of policies designed to increase tems, LLC, a joint venture with Energy Conversion Devices the share of hybrids and electric vehicles in the U.S. fleet, to commercialize metal hydride hydrogen storage systems. part of a larger effort at RFF to assess a range of transporta- He was one of seven industry leaders that helped prepare the tion and other policies to reduce oil use and GHG emissions DOE-sponsored Hydrogen Roadmap, and he has served as in the United States by 2030. She was co-editor of the 2007 chairman of the National Hydrogen Association. He has a book Controlling Vehicle Pollution and has published on a B.S. in chemical engineering from University of Illinois and range of transportation policy issues. In addition, she has an MBA from University of Houston. served on a number of EPA and state advisory committees related to transportation and air quality. She is currently JOHN O’DELL is senior editor with the serving on a public policy panel to look at the prospects for editorial team, where he originated online coverage of the Transport Electrification. She has been a member of several environmental or “green” automotive segment, produc- NRC panels in recent years, including the Committee on ing articles dealing with advanced and alternative vehicle Vehicle Emission Inspection and Maintenance Program, policies, financing, technology, politics, alternative fuels, the Committee on State Practices in Setting Mobile Source and related issues. Mr. O’Dell is regularly quoted by major Emissions Standards, and the Committee for a Study of newspapers, periodicals, wire services, and broadcast media Potential Energy Savings and Greenhouse Gas Reductions as an expert on the growing green car and alternative fuels from Transportation. Dr. McConnell received a B.S. degree markets. Prior to joining Edmunds, Mr. O’Dell was a staff in economics from Smith College and a Ph.D. degree in writer and editor at the Los Angeles Times from 1980-2007. economics from the University of Maryland. He co-founded the consumer automotive section of the L.A. Times, Highway 1, in 1998, and was the paper’s automotive STEPHEN J. McGOVERN has more than 35 years of industry reporter from 1998-2007. He also served variously experience in the refining and petrochemical industries. Dr. as city beat reporter, county government writer, business McGovern has been a principal of PetroTech Consultants reporter, and assistant business editor at the Times’ Orange since 2000, providing consulting services on various refin- County Edition and was variously a city beat reporter, inves- ing technologies, including clean fuels projects and refining tigative reporter, political writer, and assistant city editor at economics. He has assisted numerous refiners in the evalu- the Orange County Register. Mr. O’Dell holds a B.A. in com- ation of gasoline and diesel desulfurization technologies, munications from California State College at Fullerton and Catalytic Cracking and environmental issues. Dr. McGovern completed the coursework there toward a graduate degree has provided technical advice to DARPA and commercial in communications with an emphasis in consumer econom- enterprises for the production of biofuels. Previously, he ics. His career as a journalist has been marked by numerous was with Mobil Technology Company, where he led various awards for professional excellence in writing, research, and efforts in process development and refinery technical sup- project development. He was part of the reporting teams that

OCR for page 164
168 TRANSITIONS TO ALTERNATIVE VEHICLES AND FUELS won Pulitzer prizes for the Los Angeles Times in 1992 for panels and study groups. Dr. Sloane received her Ph.D. from coverage of the Los Angeles Riots and in 1994 for coverage MIT in chemical physics. of the Northridge Earthquake. WILLIAM H. WALSH, JR., is an automobile safety con- ROBERT F. SAWYER (NAE) is the Class of 1935 Profes- sultant. He consults on vehicle safety activities with several sor of Energy emeritus in the Department of Mechanical technology companies to speed the introduction of advanced Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. His life-saving technology into the automobile fleet as well as research interests are in combustion, pollutant formation substantive involvement in corporate average fuel economy and control, regulatory policy, rocket propulsion, and fire (CAFE) rulemakings. He held several positions at the U.S. safety. He served as chairman of the California Air Resources National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Board, chairman of the energy and resources group of the including senior associate administrator for policy and opera- University of California at Berkeley, chief of the liquid sys- tions; associate administrator for plans and policy; director, tems analysis section at the U.S. Air Force Rocket Propulsion National Center for Statistics and Analysis; director, Office Laboratory, and president of the Combustion Institute. Dr. of Budget, Planning and Policy; and science advisor to the Sawyer has served on numerous National Research Council administrator of NHTSA. He also held the position of super- committees and was a member of the NRC’s Board on Envi- visory general engineer at the DOE’s Appliance Efficiency ronmental Studies and Toxicology. He holds a B.S. and M.S. Program. His expertise covers all aspects of vehicle safety in mechanical engineering from Stanford University and a performance, cost/benefit analyses, strategic planning, sta- M.A. in aeronautical engineering and a Ph.D. in aerospace tistics analyses and modeling, and policy formulation. He science from Princeton University. serves on the Transportation Research Board’s Occupant Protection Committee. He has a B.S. in aerospace engi- CHRISTINE S. SLOANE retired from General Motors neering, University of Notre Dame, and an M.S. in system Corporation as the head of the global team for hydrogen and engineering, George Washington University. fuel cell vehicle codes and standards development. She coor- dinated development of GM policy and technical strategy MICHAEL EVAN WEBBER is the Josey Centennial Fel- across safety, engineering, and public policy requirements low in Energy Resources, associate professor of mechanical to ensure global consistency in GM interaction with govern- engineering, associate director for the Center for Interna- ment and professional industry organizations. She previously tional Energy and Environmental Policy, and co-director of directed the GM interaction with the U.S. FreedomCAR the Clean Energy Incubator, all at the University of Texas at program, which included R&D to advance fuel cell power Austin. Previously he was an associate engineer at RAND systems, and earlier served as chief technologist for the Corporation and senior scientist at Pranalytica, Inc. He development and demonstration team for Precept, GM’s holds four patents involving instrumentation. He serves on 80 mile-per-gallon five-passenger HEV concept vehicle. the board of advisers of Scientific American and is on the She has also been responsible for global climate issues and editorial board of several other journals. Dr. Webber is also for mobile emission issues involving advanced technology a member of the Electric Utility Commission of the City of vehicles. Her early research interests included air quality, Austin and is active in a variety of other public and civic and manufacturing and vehicle emissions. Dr. Sloane has organizations. He has an M.S. and Ph.D. in mechanical authored more than 80 technical papers and co-edited one engineering (minor, electrical engineering) from Stanford book. She has served on several boards of professional University and B.S./B.A. degrees with high honors from the organizations and numerous National Academy of Sciences University of Texas at Austin.