AG; Vice President for Operations, GM Europe; and President and Managing Director of GM de Mexico. Mr. Cowger has extensive experience in business, technology, engineering and manufacturing operations. He was responsible for the development and implementation of the GM global manufacturing system. He has also had extensive experience in benchmarking, target-setting, and the creation and application of organizational and production-based performance measures. Mr. Cowger is the past Chairman of the Board for Kettering University and holds other Board positions in private and public organizations. Mr. Cowger holds an M.S. degree in management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a B.S. degree in industrial engineering from Kettering University (formally General Motors Institute).

JOHN M. DeCICCO is a professor of practice at the School of Natural Resources and Environment and research professor at the University of Michigan Energy Institute. Previous positions include senior fellow, automotive strategies, Environmental Defense Fund; transportation program director, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy; and staff scientist, National Audubon Society. His teaching and advising interests address energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transportation as well as broader aspects of sustainable mobility and energy use. His research seeks to further public understanding of transportation systems and GHGs, including the interlinked decision-making structures (both private market and public process) that underpin energy demand and emissions in the sector. He has published widely on analysis of the cost and improvements in emissions and fuel economy of advanced automotive technologies and in recent years has focused increasingly on the challenges of transportation fuels and GHG emissions. He has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Princeton University, an M.S.M.E. from North Carolina State University, and a B.A. in mathematics from Catholic University of America.

GEORGE C. EADS retired from Charles River Associates in 2008 after serving 12 years as a vice president. He remains a senior consultant with the company. Prior to joining CRA, Dr Eads held several positions at the General Motors Corporation, including vice president and chief economist; vice president, Worldwide Economic and Market Analysis Staff; and vice president, Product Planning and Economics Staff. Before joining GM, Dr. Eads was dean of the School of Public Affairs at the University of Maryland, College Park, where he also was a professor. Before that, he served as a member of President Carter’s Council of Economic Advisors, was a program manager at the RAND Corporation, served as executive director of the National Commission on Supplies and Shortages, as Assistant Director of President Ford’s Council on Wage and Price Stability, and taught at Harvard University, Princeton University, and the George Washington University. He has been involved in numerous projects concerning transport and energy. In 1994 and 1995, he was a member of President Clinton’s policy dialogue on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from personal motor vehicles. He co-authored the World Energy Council’s 1998 report Global Transport and Energy Development—The Scope for Change. He was Lead Consultant to the World Business Council for Sustainable Development’s Sustainable Mobility Project, a project funded and carried out by 12 leading international automotive and energy companies. Dr. Eads is a member of the Presidents’ Circle of the National Academies. He is an at-large director of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He received a Ph.D. degree in economics from Yale University. He has been on several National Academies committees, including the TRB study on Potential Energy Savings and Greenhouse Gas Reductions from Transportation, the TRB study on Climate Change and U.S. Transportation, and the America’s Climate Choices study.

RAMON L. ESPINO is currently a research professor at the University of Virginia, where he has been on the faculty since 1999. Prior to joining the Department of Chemical Engineering, he was with ExxonMobil for 26 years. He held a number of research management positions in petroleum exploration and production, petroleum process and products, alternative fuels and petrochemicals. He has published about 20 technical articles and holds 9 patents. Dr. Espino’s research interests focus on fuel cell technology, specifically in the development of processors that convert clean fuels into hydrogen and of fuel cell anodes that are resistant to carbon monoxide poisoning. Another area of interest is the conversion of methane to clean liquid fuels and specifically the development of catalysts for the selective partial oxidation of methane to synthesis gas. He has served on NRC committees dealing with R&D in DOE’s fossil fuels programs, mitigation of greenhouse gases and other topics related to energy efficiency. He received a B.S. degree in chemical engineering from Louisiana State University and an M.S. and a doctor of science in chemical engineering from MIT.

JOHN GERMAN is a senior fellow for the International Council for Clean Transportation, with primarily responsibility for technology innovation and U.S. policy development. He has been involved with advanced technology and efficiency since joining Chrysler in 1976, where he spent eight years in Powertrain Engineering working on fuel economy issues. He then spent 13 years doing research and writing regulations for EPA’s Office of Mobile Sources’ laboratory in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Prior to joining ICCT four years ago, he spent 11 years as Manager of Environmental and Energy Analyses for American Honda Motor Company, with an emphasis on being a liaison between Honda’s R&D people in Japan and regulatory affairs. Mr. German is the author of a book on hybrid gasoline-electric vehicles published by SAE and a variety of technical papers, including the future of hybrid vehicles, technology costs and benefits, consumer



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