transportation technology, fuel supply options, and air pollutant and GHG emissions. He has published more than 200 papers in the technical literature and is the author of five books, including a major text and professional reference, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. He is a fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers. He has received many awards for his work, including the 1996 U.S. Department of Transportation Award for the Advancement of Motor Vehicle Research and Development and the Society of Automotive Engineers 2008 Award for his contributions to Automotive Policy. He is a member of the NAE and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has a Ph.D. from MIT, a D.Sc. from Cambridge University, and honorary degrees from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, and City University, London.

VIRGINIA McCONNELL is senior fellow in the Quality of the Environment Division of Resources for the Future (RFF), Inc. She is also a professor of economics at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County. Her recent work has centered on the evaluation of policies to reduce motor vehicle pollution, particularly on the role of pricing and other incentive-based policies. She recently completed a study on hybrid vehicles and the effectiveness of policies designed to increase the share of hybrids and electric vehicles in the U.S. fleet, part of a larger effort at RFF to assess a range of transportation and other policies to reduce oil use and GHG emissions in the United States by 2030. She was co-editor of the 2007 book Controlling Vehicle Pollution and has published on a range of transportation policy issues. In addition, she has served on a number of EPA and state advisory committees related to transportation and air quality. She is currently serving on a public policy panel to look at the prospects for Transport Electrification. She has been a member of several NRC panels in recent years, including the Committee on Vehicle Emission Inspection and Maintenance Program, the Committee on State Practices in Setting Mobile Source Emissions Standards, and the Committee for a Study of Potential Energy Savings and Greenhouse Gas Reductions from Transportation. Dr. McConnell received a B.S. degree in economics from Smith College and a Ph.D. degree in economics from the University of Maryland.

STEPHEN J. McGOVERN has more than 35 years of experience in the refining and petrochemical industries. Dr. McGovern has been a principal of PetroTech Consultants since 2000, providing consulting services on various refining technologies, including clean fuels projects and refining economics. He has assisted numerous refiners in the evaluation of gasoline and diesel desulfurization technologies, Catalytic Cracking and environmental issues. Dr. McGovern has provided technical advice to DARPA and commercial enterprises for the production of biofuels. Previously, he was with Mobil Technology Company, where he led various efforts in process development and refinery technical support. He has 17 patents and more than 20 technical publications and was a member of the NRC Committee on Economic and Environmental Impacts of Increasing Biofuels Production. He has lectured, published and consulted on refining technology, environmental and alternate fuels issues. Dr. McGovern is a licensed professional engineer in New Jersey and a past director of the Fuels and Petrochemicals Division of AIChE. He earned a B.S. degree (magna cum laude) and M.S. degree in chemical engineering from Drexel University and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in chemical engineering from Princeton University.

GENE NEMANICH is a consultant specializing in chemical processes. Previously, he was director of hydrogen systems for ChevronTexaco Technology Ventures where he was responsible for hydrogen supply and developing and commercializing new hydrogen storage technologies. He has 31 years of experience with integrated oil companies, including Exxon, Cities Service, Texaco, and ChevronTexaco. He has also worked in the areas of refining, clean coal technology, oil supply and trading, and hydrogen systems. He represented Texaco in the California Fuel Cell Partnership in 2000-2001 and is a director of Texaco Ovonic Hydrogen Systems, LLC, a joint venture with Energy Conversion Devices to commercialize metal hydride hydrogen storage systems. He was one of seven industry leaders that helped prepare the DOE-sponsored Hydrogen Roadmap, and he has served as chairman of the National Hydrogen Association. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from University of Illinois and an MBA from University of Houston.

JOHN O’DELL is senior editor with the editorial team, where he originated online coverage of the environmental or “green” automotive segment, producing articles dealing with advanced and alternative vehicle policies, financing, technology, politics, alternative fuels, and related issues. Mr. O’Dell is regularly quoted by major newspapers, periodicals, wire services, and broadcast media as an expert on the growing green car and alternative fuels markets. Prior to joining Edmunds, Mr. O’Dell was a staff writer and editor at the Los Angeles Times from 1980-2007. He co-founded the consumer automotive section of the L.A. Times, Highway 1, in 1998, and was the paper’s automotive industry reporter from 1998-2007. He also served variously as city beat reporter, county government writer, business reporter, and assistant business editor at the Times’ Orange County Edition and was variously a city beat reporter, investigative reporter, political writer, and assistant city editor at the Orange County Register. Mr. O’Dell holds a B.A. in communications from California State College at Fullerton and completed the coursework there toward a graduate degree in communications with an emphasis in consumer economics. His career as a journalist has been marked by numerous awards for professional excellence in writing, research, and project development. He was part of the reporting teams that

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