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Appendix C Data on Instructional Programs and Citizenship DEGREE DATA TABLE C.1  Department of Education Codes and Descriptions of 164 Instructional Programs That Are Relevant to NGA Code Title Description 03.0101 Natural resources / A general program that focuses on the studies and activities relating to the natural environment and its conservation, general conservation, use, and improvement. Includes instruction in subjects such as climate, air, soil, water, land, fish and wildlife, and plant resources; in the basic principles of environmental science and natural resources management; and the recreational and economic uses of renewable and nonrenewable natural resources 03.0102 Environmental science / (Deleted) Report under code 03.0103 or 03.0104 studies 03.0103 Environmental studies (NEW) A program that focuses on environment-related issues using scientific, social scientific, or humanistic approaches or a combination. Includes instruction in the basic principles of ecology and environmental science and related subjects such as policy, politics, law, economics, social aspects, planning, pollution control, natural resources, and the interactions of human beings and nature 03.0104 Environmental science (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of biological, chemical, and physical principles to the study of the physical environment and the solution of environmental problems, including subjects such as abating or controlling environmental pollution and degradation; the interaction between human society and the natural environment; and natural resources management. Includes instruction in biology, chemistry, physics, geosciences, climatology, statistics, and mathematical modeling 03.0204 Natural resource economics (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of economic concepts and methods to the analysis of issues such as air and water pollution, land use planning, waste disposal, invasive species and pest control, conservation policies, and related environmental problems. Includes instruction in cost-benefit analysis; environmental impact assessment; evaluation and assessment of alternative resource management strategies; policy evaluation and monitoring; and descriptive and analytic tools for studying how environmental developments affect the economic system 03.0205 Water, wetlands, and marine (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply the principles of marine/aquatic biology, resources management oceanography, natural resource economics, and natural resources management to the development, conservation, and management of freshwater and saltwater environments. Includes instruction in subjects such as wetlands, riverine, lacustrian, coastal, and oceanic water resources; water conservation and use; flood control; pollution control; water supply logistics; wastewater management; aquatic and marine ecology; aquatic and marine life conservation; and the economic and recreational uses of water resources 03.0206 Land use planning and (NEW) A program that focuses on how public and/or private land and associated resources can be management / development preserved, developed, and used for maximum social, economic, and environmental benefit. Includes instruction in natural resources management, natural resource economics, public policy, regional and land use planning, environmental impact assessment, applicable law and regulations, government and politics, principles of business and real estate land use, statistical and analytical tools, computer applications, mapping and report preparation, site analysis, cost analysis, and communications skills continued 127

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128 APPENDIX C TABLE C.1 Continued Code Title Description 03.0501 Forestry, general A program that generally prepares individuals to manage and develop forest areas for economic, recreational, and ecological purposes. Includes instruction in forest-related sciences, mapping, statistics, harvesting and production technology, natural resources management and economics, wildlife sciences, administration, and public relations 03.0502 Forest sciences and biology A program that focuses on the application of one or more forest-related sciences to the study of environmental factors affecting forests and the growth and management of forest resources. Includes instruction in forest biology, forest hydrology, forest mensuration, silviculture, forest soils, water resources, environmental science, forest resources management, and wood science 03.0506 Forest management / forest A program that prepares individuals to apply principles of forestry and natural resources management resources management to the administration of forest lands and related resources. Includes instruction in silviculture, forest mensuration, forest protection, inventorying, biometrics, geographic information systems, remote sensing, photogrammetry, forest policy and economics, forest land use planning, fire protection and management, and related administrative skills 03.0508 Urban forestry (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply the principles of forestry and related sciences to the development, care, and maintenance of individual trees and forested areas within or close to areas of dense human habitation. Includes instruction in urban environments; effects of pollution on tree species; environmental design and landscaping; urban pest infestation; urban forest management; and applicable policies and regulations 03.0509 Wood science and wood A program that focuses on the application of chemical, physical, and engineering principles to the products / pulp and paper analysis of the properties and behavior of wood and wood products and the development of processes for technology converting wood into paper and other products. Includes instruction in wood classification and testing, product development, manufacturing and processing technologies, and the design and development of related equipment and systems 04.0301 City / urban, community and A program that prepares individuals to apply principles of planning, analysis, and architecture to the regional planning development and improvement of urban areas and surrounding regions, and to function as professional planners. Includes instruction in principles of architecture; master plan development; service, communications, and transportation systems design; community and commercial development; zoning; land use planning; applied economics; policy analysis; applicable laws and regulations; and professional responsibilities and managerial duties 05.0101 African studies A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of the African Continent, usually with an emphasis on Africa south of the Sahara, and including the African diaspora overseas 05.0102 American / United States A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of the United States and its studies / civilization Pre-Columbian and colonial predecessors, and including the flow of immigrants from other societies 05.0103 Asian studies / civilization A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of the Asian Continent, including the study of the Asian diasporas overseas 05.0104 East Asian studies A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of East Asia, defined as including China, Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Taiwan, Tibet, related borderlands and island groups, and including the study of the East Asian diasporas overseas 05.0105 Central / middle and eastern A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the European studies peoples of what is historically known as Central/Middle and Eastern Europe, defined as including Austria, the Balkans, the Baltic States, Belarus, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine, related borderlands and island groups, and migration patterns 05.0106 European studies / civilization A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of the European Continent, including the study of European migration patterns and colonial empires 05.0107 Latin American studies A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the Hispanic peoples of the North and South American Continents outside Canada and the United States, including the study of the Pre-Columbian period and the flow of immigrants from other societies 05.0108 Near and Middle Eastern A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the studies peoples of North Africa, Southwestern Asia, Asia Minor, and the Arabian Peninsula, related borderlands and island groups, and including emigrant and immigrant groups 05.0109 Pacific area / Pacific Rim A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the studies peoples of Australasia and the Pacific Ocean, related island groups and bordering coastal regions, and including pre- and post-colonial migration patterns continued

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APPENDIX C 129 TABLE C.1 Continued Code Title Description 05.0110 Russian studies A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of the Russian Federation and its Soviet, Czarist, and medieval predecessors and related borderlands 05.0111 Scandinavian studies A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of Scandinavia, defined as Northern Europe including Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, related island groups (including Greenland), and borderlands 05.0112 South Asian studies A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of South Asia, defined as including Afghanistan, India, the Maldives, Myanmar (Burma), Pakistan, and Sri Lanka and related borderlands and island groups; and including the study of migration patterns and overseas diasporas 05.0113 Southeast Asian studies A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of Southeast Asia, defined as including Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, The Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet Nam; related borderlands and island groups; and including the study of migration patterns and overseas diasporas 05.0114 Western European studies A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of historical Western Europe, defined as including Britain, Ireland, France, the Low Countries, the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, the Western Mediterranean, and related island groups and borderlands 05.0115 Canadian studies A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of Canada and its Pre-Columbian, colonial, and pre-federation predecessors, including immigrant flows and related borderlands and island groups 05.0116 Balkans studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples inhabiting the Balkan Peninsula and associated island groups and borderlands, Southern Slavic and non-Slavic, during the medieval, Ottoman, and modern periods 05.0117 Baltic studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples inhabiting the coastlands of the Baltic Sea, including Baltic, Germanic, Scandinavian, and Slavic populations, related borderlands and island groups, and problems of cultural survival and assimilation 05.0118 Slavic studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the Slavic peoples inhabiting Europe, Asia, and in immigrant groups elsewhere, including the study of the emergence and migration patterns of Slavic culture, languages, and populations 05.0119 Caribbean studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples inhabiting the major islands and archipelagoes of the Caribbean Sea and related coastal borderlands, including immigration patterns and Pre-Columbian, colonial, and modern societies 05.0120 Ural-Altaic and central Asian (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of studies the peoples and countries of Inner/Central Asia, including the Turkic and Mongolian inhabitants of the Caspian, Amur, Tien Shan, Baikal, Gobi, Siberian, and Manchurian areas and the historical Silk Road, in terms of their past and present development 05.0121 Commonwealth studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples and countries comprising components of the historical British Empire and modern British Commonwealth, including migration patterns, shared sociocultural and political features and problems, and contemporary relations 05.0122 Regional studies (U.S., (NEW) A program that focuses on the defined geographic subregions and subcultures within modern and Canadian, foreign) historical countries and societies. Includes such topics as Acadian studies, French Canadian and Quebec studies, Southern (U.S.) studies, Appalachian (U.S.) studies, New England studies, Southwestern studies, Northern studies, and others 05.0123 Chinese studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of one or more of the peoples of present-day China and its historical predecessors, related borderlands and island groups, and the overseas Chinese diaspora 05.0124 French studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of France, other Francophone countries inside and outside Europe, and the French colonial experience and the associated French minorities around the world 05.0125 German studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of Germany, the neighboring countries of Austria and Switzerland, the German minorities in neighboring European countries, and the historical areas of German influence across Europe and overseas continued

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130 APPENDIX C TABLE C.1 Continued Code Title Description 05.0126 Italian studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of modern Italy and its predecessors on the Italian Peninsula, including overseas migrations of Italian peoples 05.0127 Japanese studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of the peoples of Japan, and related island groups and coastal neighbors 05.0128 Korean studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of the peoples of Korea, including related island groups and borderlands 05.0129 Polish studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of Poland and the current and historical inhabitants of the Polish lands, including borderlands, from earliest times to the present 05.0130 Spanish and Iberian studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of the peoples of the Iberian Peninsula and related island groups and border regions from earliest times to the present, with particular emphasis on the development of Spain and Portugal but including other historical and current cultures 05.0131 Tibetan studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of Tibet and its borderlands, with emphasis on both pre-modern and modern Tibet and associated religious and exile movements 05.0132 Ukraine studies (NEW) A program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of Ukraine and its inhabitants, and related border regions, from earliest times to the present 05.0199 Area studies, other Any instructional program in specifically defined area studies not listed above 10.0301 Graphic communications, (NEW) A program that generally prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills in the general manufacture and distribution or transmission of graphic communications products. Includes instruction in the prepress, press, and postpress phases of production operations and processes such as offset lithography, flexography, gravure, letterpress, screen printing, foil stamping, digital imaging, and other reproduction methods 10.0302 Printing management (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply technical and managerial knowledge and skills to the processes and procedures of managing printing operations from initial design through finished product distribution. Includes instruction in the principles of graphic communications design and production; quality control; printing operations management; computerization; printing plant management; business finance and marketing; logistics and distribution; personnel supervision and leadership; and professional standards in the graphic communications industry 10.0303 Prepress / desktop publishing A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to the layout, design and and digital imaging design typographic arrangement of printed and/or electronic graphic and textual products. Includes instruction in printing and lithographic equipment and operations; computer hardware and software; digital imaging; print preparation; page layout and design; desktop publishing; and applicable principles of graphic design and web page design 10.0304 Animation, interactive (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to use computer applications and related visual and sound technology, video graphics imaging techniques to manipulate images and information originating as film, video, still photographs, and special effects digital copy, soundtracks, and physical objects in order to communicate messages simulating real-world content. Includes instruction in specialized camerawork and equipment operation and maintenance, image capture, computer programming, dubbing, CAD applications, and applications to specific commercial, industrial, and entertainment needs 10.0308 Computer typography and A program that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to design and execute page composition equipment formats, layouts and text composition, and to make typographical selections using computer graphics and operator other computer-assisted design programs 10.0399 Graphic communications, (NEW) Any instructional program in graphic communications not listed above other 11.0101 Computer and information A general program that focuses on computing, computer science, and information science and systems sciences, general as part of a broad and/or interdisciplinary program. Such programs are undifferentiated as to title and content and are not to be confused with specific programs in computer science, information science, or related support services 11.0102 Artificial intelligence and (NEW) A program that focuses on the symbolic inference, representation, and simulation by computers robotics and software of human learning and reasoning processes and capabilities, and the modeling of human motor control and motions by computer-driven machinery. Includes instruction in computing theory, cybernetics, human factors, natural language processing, robot design, and applicable aspects of engineering, technology, and specific end-use applications continued

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APPENDIX C 131 TABLE C.1 Continued Code Title Description 11.0103 Information technology (NEW) A program that focuses on the design of technological information systems, including computing systems, as solutions to business and research data and communications support needs. Includes instruction in the principles of computer hardware and software components, algorithms, databases, telecommunications, user tactics, application testing, and human interface design 11.0199 Computer and information (NEW) Any instructional program in computer science not listed above sciences, other 11.0201 Computer programming / A program that focuses on the general writing and implementation of generic and customized programs programmer, general to drive operating systems and that generally prepares individuals to apply the methods and procedures of software design and programming to software installation and maintenance. Includes instruction in software design, low- and high-level languages and program writing; program customization and linking; prototype testing; troubleshooting; and related aspects of operating systems and networks 11.0202 Computer programming, (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply the knowledge and skills of general computer specific applications programming to the solution of specific operational problems and customization requirements presented by individual software users and organizational users. Includes training in specific types of software and its installation and maintenance 11.0203 Computer programming, (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to fulfill the requirements set by vendors for professional vendor / product certification qualification as certified installation, customization, and maintenance engineers for specific software products and/or processes. Includes training in specific vendor supported software products and their installation and maintenance 11.0299 Computer programming, (NEW) Any instructional program in computer programming not listed above other 11.0301 Data processing and data A program that prepares individuals to master and use computer software programs and applications for processing technology / inputting, verifying, organizing, storing, retrieving, transforming (changing, updating, and deleting), and technician extracting information. Includes instruction in using various operating system configurations and in types of data entry such as word processing, spreadsheets, calculators, management programs, design programs, database programs, and research programs 11.0401 Information science / studies A program that focuses on the theory, organization, and process of information collection, transmission, and utilization in traditional and electronic forms. Includes instruction in information classification and organization; information storage and processing; transmission, transfer, and signaling; communications and networking; systems planning and design; human interfacing and use analysis; database development; information policy analysis; and related aspects of hardware, software, economics, social factors, and capacity 11.0501 Computer systems analysis / A program that prepares individuals to apply programming and systems analysis principles to the analyst selection, implementation, and troubleshooting of customized computer and software installations across the life cycle. Includes instruction in computer hardware and software; compilation, composition, execution, and operating systems; low- and high-level languages and language programming; programming and debugging techniques; installation and maintenance testing and documentation; process and data flow analysis; user needs analysis and documentation; cost-benefit analysis; and specification design 11.0701 Computer science A general program that focuses on computers, computing problems and solutions, and the design of computer systems and user interfaces from a scientific perspective. Includes instruction in the principles of computational science, and computing theory; computer hardware design; computer development and programming; and applications to a variety of end-use situations 11.0801 Web page, digital / (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply HTML, XML, Javascript, graphics applications, multimedia and information and other authoring tools to the design, editing, and publishing (launching) of documents, images, resources design graphics, sound, and multimedia products on the World Wide Web. Includes instruction in Internet theory; web page standards and policies; elements of web page design; user interfaces; vector tools; special effects; interactive and multimedia components; search engines; navigation; morphing; e-commerce tools; and emerging web technologies 11.0802 Data modeling / warehousing (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to design and manage the construction of databases and and database administration related software programs and applications, including the linking of individual data sets to create complex searchable databases (warehousing) and the use of analytical search tools (mining). Includes instruction in database theory, logic, and semantics; operational and warehouse modeling; dimensionality; attributes and hierarchies; data definition; technical architecture; access and security design; integration; formatting and extraction; data delivery; index design; implementation problems; planning and budgeting; and client and networking issues continued

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132 APPENDIX C TABLE C.1 Continued Code Title Description 11.0803 Computer graphics (NEW) A program that focuses on the software, hardware, and mathematical tools used to represent, display, and manipulate topological, two-, and three-dimensional objects on a computer screen and that prepares individuals to function as computer graphics specialists. Includes instruction in graphics software and systems; digital multimedia; graphic design; graphics devices, processors, and standards; attributes and transformations; projections; surface identification and rendering; color theory and application; and applicable geometry and algorithms 11.0899 Computer software and (NEW) Any instructional program in computer software and media applications not listed above media applications, other 11.0901 Computer systems (NEW) A program that focuses on the design, implementation, and management of linked systems of networking and computers, peripherals, and associated software to maximize efficiency and productivity, and that prepares telecommunications individuals to function as network specialists and managers at various levels. Includes instruction in operating systems and applications; systems design and analysis; networking theory and solutions; types of networks; network management and control; network and flow optimization; security; configuring; and troubleshooting 11.9999 Computer and information Any instructional program in computer and information sciences and support services not listed above sciences and support services, other 14.0101 Engineering, general A program that generally prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to solve a wide variety of practical problems in industry, social organization, public works, and commerce 14.0201 Aerospace, aeronautical and A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, astronautical engineering development and operational evaluation of aircraft, space vehicles, and their systems; applied research on flight characteristics; and the development of systems and procedures for the launching, guidance, and control of air and space vehicles 14.0801 Civil engineering, general A program that generally prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, development and operational evaluation of structural, load-bearing, material moving, transportation, water resource, and material control systems; and environmental safety measures 14.0802 Geotechnical engineering A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, development and operational evaluation of systems for manipulating and controlling surface and subsurface features at or incorporated into structural sites, including earth and rock moving and stabilization, landfills, structural use and environmental stabilization of wastes and by-products, underground construction, and groundwater and hazardous material containment 14.0804 Transportation and highway A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, engineering development, and operational evaluation of total systems for the physical movement of people, materials and information, including general network design and planning, facilities planning, site evaluation, transportation management systems, needs projections and analysis, and analysis of costs 14.0805 Water resources engineering A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, development, and operational evaluation of systems for collecting, storing, moving, conserving and controlling surface and groundwater, including water quality control, water cycle management, management of human and industrial water requirements, water delivery, and flood control 14.0899 Civil engineering, other Any instructional program in civil engineering not listed above 14.0901 Computer engineering, A program that generally prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the general design, development, and operational evaluation of computer hardware and software systems and related equipment and facilities; and the analysis of specific problems of computer applications to various tasks 14.0902 Computer hardware (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, engineering development, and evaluation of computer hardware and related peripheral equipment. Includes instruction in computer circuit and chip design, circuitry, computer systems design, computer equipment design, computer layout planning, testing procedures, and related computer theory and software topics 14.0903 Computer software (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply scientific and mathematical principles to the design, engineering analysis, verification, validation, implementation, and maintenance of computer software systems using a variety of computer languages. Includes instruction in discrete mathematics, probability and statistics, computer science, managerial science, and applications to complex computer systems 14.0999 Computer engineering, other (NEW) Any instructional program in computer engineering not listed above continued

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APPENDIX C 133 TABLE C.1 Continued Code Title Description 14.1001 Electrical, electronics and A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, communications engineering development, and operational evaluation of electrical, electronic and related communications systems and their components, including electrical power generation systems; and the analysis of problems such as superconductor, wave propagation, energy storage and retrieval, and reception and amplification 14.1101 Engineering mechanics A program with a general focus on the application of the mathematical and scientific principles of classical mechanics to the analysis and evaluation of the behavior of structures, forces and materials in engineering problems. Includes instruction in statics, kinetics, dynamics, kinematics, celestial mechanics, stress and failure, and electromagnetism 14.1201 Engineering physics A program with a general focus on the general application of mathematical and scientific principles of physics to the analysis and evaluation of engineering problems. Includes instruction in high- and low- temperature phenomena, computational physics, superconductivity, applied thermodynamics, molecular and particle physics applications, and space science research 14.1301 Engineering science A program with a general focus on the general application of various combinations of mathematical and scientific principles to the analysis and evaluation of engineering problems, including applied research in human behavior, statistics, biology, chemistry, the earth and planetary sciences, atmospherics and meteorology, and computer applications 14.2201 Naval architecture and marine A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, engineering development and operational evaluation of self-propelled, stationary, or towed vessels operating on or under the water, including inland, coastal, and ocean environments; and the analysis of related engineering problems such as corrosion, power transfer, pressure, hull efficiency, stress factors, safety and life support, environmental hazards and factors, and specific use requirements 14.2401 Ocean engineering A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, development, and operational evaluation of systems to monitor, control, manipulate, and operate within coastal or ocean environments, such as underwater platforms, flood control systems, dikes, hydroelectric power systems, tide and current control and warning systems, and communications equipment; the planning and design of total systems for working and functioning in water or underwater environments; and the analysis of related engineering problems such as the action of water properties and behavior on physical systems and people, tidal forces, current movements, and wave motion 14.2701 Systems engineering A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, development, and operational evaluation of total systems solutions to a wide variety of engineering problems, including the integration of human, physical, energy, communications, management, and information requirements as needed, and the application of requisite analytical methods to specific situations 14.3701 Operations research A program that focuses on the development and application of complex mathematical or simulation models to solve problems involving operational systems, where the system concerned is subject to human intervention. Includes instruction in advanced multivariate analysis, application of judgment and statistical tests, optimization theory and techniques, resource allocation theory, mathematical modeling, control theory, statistical analysis, and applications to specific research problems 14.3801 Surveying engineering (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply scientific and mathematical principles to the determination of the location, elevations, and alignment of natural and manmade topographic features. Includes instruction in property line location, surveying, surface measurement, aerial and terrestrial photogrammetry, remote sensing, satellite imagery, global positioning systems, computer applications, and photographic data processing 14.3901 Geological / geophysical (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and geological principles to the engineering analysis and evaluation of engineering problems, including the geological evaluation of construction sites, the analysis of geological forces acting on structures and systems, the analysis of potential natural resource recovery sites, and applied research on geological phenomena 14.9999 Engineering, other Any instructional program in engineering not listed above 15.1102 Surveying technology / A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the delineation, surveying determination, planning, and positioning of land tracts, land and water boundaries, land contours and features; and the preparation of related maps, charts, and reports. Includes instruction in applied geodesy, computer graphics, photointerpretation, plane and geodetic surveying, mensuration, traversing, survey equipment operation and maintenance, instrument calibration, and basic cartography 15.1199 Engineering-related (NEW) Any programs in engineering-related technologies and technicians not listed above technologies, other continued

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134 APPENDIX C TABLE C.1 Continued Code Title Description 15.1501 Engineering / industrial A program that focuses on the application of engineering principles to the planning and operational management management of industrial and manufacturing operations, and prepares individuals to plan and manage such operations. Includes instruction in accounting, engineering economy, financial management, industrial and human resources management, industrial psychology, management information systems, mathematical modeling and optimization, quality control, operations research, safety and health issues, and environmental program management 16.0102 Linguistics A program that focuses on language, language development, and relationships among languages and language groups from a humanistic and/or scientific perspective. Includes instruction in subjects such as psycholinguistics, behavioral linguistics, language acquisition, sociolinguistics, mathematical and computational linguistics, grammatical theory and theoretical linguistics, philosophical linguistics, philology and historical linguistics, comparative linguistics, phonetics, phonemics, dialectology, semantics, functional grammar and linguistics, language typology, lexicography, morphology and syntax, orthography, stylistics, structuralism, rhetoric, and applications to artificial intelligence 16.0103 Language interpretation and A program that prepares individuals to be professional interpreters and/or translators of documents and translation data files, either from English or (Canadian) French into another language or languages or vice versa. Includes intensive instruction in one or more foreign languages plus instruction in subjects such as single- and multiple-language interpretation, one- or two-way interpretation, simultaneous interpretation, general and literary translation, business translation, technical translation, and other specific applications of linguistic skills 16.0199 Linguistic, comparative, and (NEW) Any instructional program in linguistic, comparative, and related language studies and services related language studies and not listed above services, other 24.0101 Liberal arts and sciences / A program that is a structured combination of the arts, biological and physical sciences, social sciences, liberal studies and humanities, emphasizing breadth of study. Includes instruction in independently designed, individualized, or regular programs 24.0102 General studies An undifferentiated program that includes instruction in the general arts, general science, or unstructured studies 24.0103 Humanities / humanistic A program that focuses on combined studies and research in the humanities subjects as distinguished from studies the social and physical sciences, emphasizing languages, literatures, art, music, philosophy, and religion 24.0199 Liberal arts and sciences, Any single instructional program in liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities not listed general studies and above humanities, other 25.0101 Library science / librarianship A program that focuses on the knowledge and skills required to develop, organize, store, retrieve, administer, and facilitate the use of local, remote, and networked collections of information in print, audiovisual, and electronic formats and that prepares individuals for professional service as librarians and information consultants 25.9999 Library science, other Any instructional program in library science not listed above 27.0101 Mathematics, general A general program that focuses on the analysis of quantities, magnitudes, forms, and their relationships, using symbolic logic and language. Includes instruction in algebra, calculus, functional analysis, geometry, number theory, logic, topology, and other mathematical specializations 27.0102 Algebra and number theory (NEW) A program that focuses on the expression of quantities and their relationships by means of symbols, vectors, matrices, and equations, and the properties of integers. Includes instruction in algebraic structures, quadratic and automorphic forms, combinatorics, linear algebra, and algebraic geometry 27.0103 Analysis and functional (NEW) A program that focuses on the properties and behavior of equations, multivariate solutions, analysis functions, and dynamic systems. Includes instruction in differential equations, variation, approximations, complex variables, integrals, harmonic analysis and wavelet theory, dynamic systems, and applications to mathematical physics 27.0104 Geometry / geometric (NEW) A program that focuses on the properties, measurements, and relationships pertaining to points, analysis lines, angles, surfaces, and solids. Includes instruction in global analysis, differential geometry, Euclidian and Non-Euclidian geometry, set theory, manifolds, integral geometry, and applications to algebra and other topics 27.0105 Topology and foundations (NEW) A program that focuses on the properties of unaltered geometric configurations under conditions of continuous, multidirectional transformations. Includes instruction in mathematical logic, proof theory, model theory, set theory, combinatorics, continua, homotopy, homology, links, and transformation actions 27.0199 Mathematics, other (NEW) Any program in mathematics not listed above continued

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APPENDIX C 135 TABLE C.1 Continued Code Title Description 27.0301 Applied mathematics A program that focuses on the application of mathematics and statistics to the solution of functional problems in fields such as engineering and the applied sciences. Includes instruction in natural phenomena modeling continuum mechanics, reaction-diffusion, wave propagation, dynamic systems, numerical analysis, controlled theory, asymptotic methods, variation, optimization theory, inverse problems, and applications to specific scientific and industrial topics 27.0303 Computational mathematics (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of mathematics to the theory, architecture, and design of computers, computational techniques, and algorithms. Includes instruction in computer theory, cybernetics, numerical analysis, algorithm development, binary structures, combinatorics, advanced statistics, and related topics 27.0399 Applied mathematics, other Any instructional program in applied mathematics not listed above 27.0501 Statistics, general A general program that focuses on the relationships between groups of measurements, and similarities and differences, using probability theory and techniques derived from it. Includes instruction in the principles in probability theory, binomial distribution, regression analysis, standard deviation, stochastic processes, Monte Carlo method, Bayesian statistics, nonparametric statistics, sampling theory, and statistical techniques 27.0502 Mathematical statistics and (NEW) A program that focuses on the mathematical theory underlying statistical methods and their use. probability Includes instruction in probability theory, parametric and nonparametric inference, sequential analysis, multivariate analysis, Bayesian analysis, experimental design, time-series analysis, resampling, robust statistics, limit theory, infinite particle systems, stochastic processes, martingales, Markov processes, and Banach spaces 27.0599 Statistics, other (NEW) Any instructional program in statistics not listed above 27.9999 Mathematics and statistics, Any instructional program in mathematics and statistics not listed above other 29.0101 Military technologies A program that prepares individuals to undertake advanced and specialized leadership and technical responsibilities for the armed services and related national security organizations. Includes instruction in such areas as weapons systems and technology, communications, intelligence, management, logistics, and strategy 30.0501 Peace studies and conflict A program that focuses on the origins, resolution and prevention of international and intergroup conflicts. resolution Includes instruction in peace research methods and related social scientific and psychological knowledge bases 30.0801 Mathematics and computer A program with a general synthesis of mathematics and computer science or a specialization which draws science from mathematics and computer science 30.2001 International / global studies (NEW) A program that focuses on global and international issues from the perspective of the social sciences, social services, and related fields 40.0101 Physical sciences A program that focuses on the major topics, concepts, processes, and interrelationships of physical phenomena as studied in any combination of physical science disciplines 40.0201 Astronomy A general program that focuses on the planetary, galactic, and stellar phenomena occurring in outer space. Includes instruction in celestial mechanics, cosmology, stellar physics, galactic evolution, quasars, stellar distribution and motion, interstellar medium, atomic and molecular constituents of astronomical phenomena, planetary science, solar system evolution, and specific methodologies such as optical astronomy, radioastronomy, and theoretical astronomy 40.0202 Astrophysics A program that focuses on the theoretical and observational study of the structure, properties, and behavior of stars, star systems and clusters, stellar life cycles, and related phenomena. Includes instruction in cosmology, plasma kinetics, stellar physics, convolution and nonequilibrium radiation transfer theory, non-Euclidean geometries, mathematical modeling, galactic structure theory, and relativistic astronomy 40.0203 Planetary astronomy and (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of planets, small objects, and related gravitational science systems. Includes instruction in the structure and composition of planetary surfaces and interiors, planetary atmospheres, satellites, orbital mechanics, asteroids and comets, solar system evolution and dynamics, planetary evolution, gravitational physics, and radiation physics 40.0401 Atmospheric sciences and A general program that focuses on the scientific study of the composition and behavior of the atmospheric meteorology, general envelopes surrounding the Earth, the effect of Earth’s atmosphere on terrestrial weather, and related problems of environment and climate. Includes instruction in atmospheric chemistry and physics, atmospheric dynamics, climatology and climate change, weather simulation, weather forecasting, climate modeling and mathematical theory; and studies of specific phenomena such as clouds, weather systems, storms, and precipitation patterns continued

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136 APPENDIX C TABLE C.1 Continued Code Title Description 40.0402 Atmospheric chemistry and (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of atmospheric constituents, reactions, climatology measurement techniques, and processes in predictive, current, and historical contexts. Includes instruction in climate modeling, gases and aerosols, trace gases, aqueous phase chemistry, sinks, transport mechanisms, computer measurement, climate variability, paleoclimatology, climate diagnosis, numerical modeling and data analysis, ionization, recombination, photoemission, and plasma chemistry 40.0403 Atmospheric physics and (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the processes governing the interactions, dynamics movement, and behavior of atmospheric phenomena and related terrestrial and solar phenomena. Includes instruction in cloud and precipitation physics, solar radiation transfer, active and passive remote sensing, atmospheric electricity and acoustics, atmospheric wave phenomena, turbulence and boundary layers, solar wind, geomagnetic storms, coupling, natural plasma, and energization 40.0404 Meteorology (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the prediction of atmospheric motion and climate change. Includes instruction in general circulation patterns, weather phenomena, atmospheric predictability, parameterization, numerical and statistical analysis, large- and mesoscale phenomena, kinematic structures, precipitation processes, and forecasting techniques 40.0601 Geology / earth science, A program that focuses on the scientific study of the Earth; the forces acting upon it; and the behavior general of the solids, liquids, and gases comprising it. Includes instruction in historical geology, geomorphology, and sedimentology, the chemistry of rocks and soils, stratigraphy, mineralogy, petrology, geostatistics, volcanology, glaciology, geophysical principles, and applications to research and industrial problems 40.0602 Geochemistry A program that focuses on the scientific study of the chemical properties and behavior of the silicates and other substances forming, and formed by, geomorphological processes of the Earth and other planets. Includes instruction in chemical thermodynamics, equilibrium in silicate systems, atomic bonding, isotopic fractionation, geochemical modeling, specimen analysis, and studies of specific organic and inorganic substances 40.0603 Geophysics and seismology A program that focuses on the scientific study of the physics of solids and its application to the study of the Earth and other planets. Includes instruction in gravimetric, seismology, earthquake forecasting, magnetrometry, electrical properties of solid bodies, plate tectonics, active deformation, thermodynamics, remote sensing, geodesy, and laboratory simulations of geological processes 40.0605 Hydrology and water (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific of study of the occurrence, circulation, distribution, resources science chemical and physical properties, and environmental interaction of surface and subsurface waters, including groundwater. Includes instruction in geophysics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, chemical physics, geomorphology, mathematical modeling, hydrologic analysis, continental water processes, global water balance, and environmental science 40.0606 Geochemistry and petrology (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the igneous, metamorphic, and hydrothermal processes within the Earth and the mineral, fluid, rock, and ore deposits resulting from them. Includes instruction in mineralogy, crystallography, petrology, volcanology, economic geology, meteoritics, geochemical reactions, deposition, compound transformation, core studies, theoretical geochemistry, computer applications, and laboratory studies 40.0607 Oceanography, chemical and A program that focuses on the scientific study of the chemical components, mechanisms, structure, and physical movement of ocean waters and their interaction with terrestrial and atmospheric phenomena. Includes instruction in material inputs and outputs, chemical and biochemical transformations in marine systems, equilibria studies, inorganic and organic ocean chemistry, oceanographic processes, sediment transport, zone processes, circulation, mixing, tidal movements, wave properties, and seawater properties 40.0699 Geological and earth sciences Any instructional program in geological and related sciences not listed above / geosciences, other 40.0801 Physics, general A general program that focuses on the scientific study of matter and energy, and the formulation and testing of the laws governing the behavior of the matter-energy continuum. Includes instruction in classical and modern physics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, mechanics, wave properties, nuclear processes, relativity and quantum theory, quantitative methods, and laboratory methods 40.0805 Plasma and high-temperature A program that focuses on the scientific study of properties and behavior of matter at high temperatures, physics such that molecular and atomic structures are in a disassociated ionic or electronic state. Includes instruction in magnetohydrodynamics, free electron phenomena, fusion theory, electromagnetic fields and dynamics, plasma and nonlinear wave theory, instability theory, plasma shock phenomena, quantitative modeling, and research equipment operation and maintenance continued

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APPENDIX C 137 TABLE C.1 Continued Code Title Description 40.0807 Optics / optical sciences A program that focuses on the scientific study of light energy, including its structure, properties, and behavior under different conditions. Includes instruction in wave theory, wave mechanics, electromagnetic theory, physical optics, geometric optics, quantum theory of light, photon detecting, laser theory, wall and beam properties, chaotic light, nonlinear optics, harmonic generation, optical systems theory, and applications to engineering problems 40.0808 Solid state and low- A program that focuses on the scientific study of solids and related states of matter at low energy levels, temperature physics including liquids and dense gases. Includes instruction in statistical mechanics, quantum theory of solids, many-body theory, low-temperature phenomena, electron theory of metals, band theory, crystalline structures, magnetism and superconductivity, equilibria and dynamics of liquids, film and surface phenomena, quantitative modeling, and research equipment operation and maintenance 40.0809 Acoustics A program that focuses on the scientific study of sound, and the properties and behavior of acoustic wave phenomena under different conditions. Includes instruction in wave theory, the acoustic wave equation, energy transformation, vibration phenomena, sound reflection and transmission, scattering and surface wave phenomena, singularity expansion theory, ducting, and applications to specific research problems such as underwater acoustics, crystallography, and health diagnostics 40.0810 Theoretical and mathematical A program that focuses on the scientific and mathematical formulation and evaluation of the physical laws physics governing, and models describing, matter-energy phenomena, and the analysis of related experimental designs and results. Includes instruction in classical and quantum theory, relativity theory, field theory, mathematics of infinite series, vector and coordinate analysis, wave and particle theory, advanced applied calculus and geometry, analyses of continuum, cosmology, and statistical theory and analysis 45.0201 Anthropology A program that focuses on the systematic study of human beings, their antecedents and related primates, and their cultural behavior and institutions, in comparative perspective. Includes instruction in biological/ physical anthropology, primatology, human paleontology and prehistoric archeology, hominid evolution, anthropological linguistics, ethnography, ethnology, ethnohistory, sociocultural anthropology, psychological anthropology, research methods, and applications to areas such as medicine, forensic pathology, museum studies, and international affairs 45.0202 Physical anthropology (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of the biological sciences and anthropology to the study of the adaptations, variability, and the evolution of human beings and their living and fossil relatives. Includes instructions in anthropology, human and mammalian anatomy, cell biology, paleontology, human culture and behavior, neuroscience, forensic anthropology, anatomical reconstruction, comparative anatomy, and laboratory science and methods 45.0299 Anthropology, other (NEW) Any instructional program in anthropology not listed above 45.0701 Geography A program that focuses on the systematic study of the spatial distribution and interrelationships of people, natural resources, and plant and animal life. Includes instruction in historical and political geography, cultural geography, economic and physical geography, regional science, cartographic methods, remote sensing, spatial analysis, and applications to areas such as land-use planning, development studies, and analyses of specific countries, regions, and resources 45.0702 Cartography A program that focuses on the systematic study of map-making and the application of mathematical, computer, and other techniques to the science of mapping geographic information. Includes instruction in cartographic theory and map projections, computer-assisted cartography, map design and layout, photogrammetry, air photo interpretation, remote sensing, cartographic editing, and applications to specific industrial, commercial, research, and governmental mapping problems 45.0799 Geography, other (NEW) Any instructional program in geography not listed above 45.0901 International relations and A program that focuses on the systematic study of international politics and institutions, and the conduct affairs of diplomacy and foreign policy. Includes instruction in international relations theory, foreign policy analysis, national security and strategic studies, international law and organization, the comparative study of specific countries and regions, and the theory and practice of diplomacy 45.1001 Political science and A general program that focuses on the systematic study of political institutions and behavior. Includes government, general instruction in political philosophy, political theory, comparative government and politics, political parties and interest groups, public opinion, political research methods, studies of the government and politics of specific countries, and studies of specific political institutions and processes 45.1002 American government and A program that focuses on the systematic study of United States political institutions and behavior. politics (United States) Includes instruction in American political theory, political parties and interest groups, state and local governments, Constitutional law, federalism and national institutions, executive and legislative politics, judicial politics, popular attitudes and media influences, political research methods, and applications to the study of specific issues and institutions continued

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148 APPENDIX C TABLE C.6 Continued Instructional Program 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Cartographic science 10.0303 Prepress / desktop publishing — — — — 23 34 28 54 46 71 and digital imaging design 10.0304 Animation, interactive — — — 169 379 563 873 1,232 1,628 1,675 technology, video graphics and special effects 11.0201 Computer programming / 525 539 772 914 748 542 452 448 407 365 programmer, general 11.0202 Computer programming special — — — 405 212 66 77 68 44 43 applications 11.0203 Computer programming, — — — — — — — — — — vendor / product certification 14.3801 Surveying engineering — — — — 17 46 26 42 44 28 15.1102 Survey technology / surveying 207 247 210 217 202 207 206 242 257 259 27.0104 Geometry / geometric analysis — — — — — — — — — — 45.0701 Geography 4,930 4,928 4,885 4,965 5,245 5,273 5,196 5,364 5,480 5,615 45.0702 Cartography 104 140 93 99 124 135 117 135 126 165 50.0401 Design and visual 1,394 1,466 1,804 2,424 3,072 2,513 2,715 2,524 2,439 2,213 communications, general 50.0409 Graphic design — — — 1,457 2,955 3,354 3,620 3,734 4,070 4,345 Total 7,160 7,320 7,764 10,650 12,977 12,733 13,310 13,843 14,541 14,779 GIS and geospatial analysis 03.0506 Forest management / forest 262 211 201 188 164 150 128 132 148 149 resources management 04.0301 City / urban, community and 1,914 1,815 1,975 2,221 2,413 2,653 2,804 2,859 2,839 3,047 regional planning 14.3701 Operations research 902 721 619 653 761 839 786 713 809 941 45.0701 Geography 4,930 4,928 4,885 4,965 5,245 5,273 5,196 5,364 5,480 5,615 45.0702 Cartography 104 140 93 99 124 135 117 135 126 165 Total 8,112 7,815 7,773 8,126 8,707 9,050 9,031 9,203 9,402 9,917 GEOINT fusion 03.0102 Environmental science / studies 5,186 4,942 5,180 3,029 391 — — — — — 03.0103 Environmental studies — — — 1,325 3,070 3,261 3,367 3,292 3,571 3,562 03.0104 Environmental science — — — 1,123 2,410 2,561 2,557 2,680 2,800 3,214 03.0501 Forestry, general 1,115 1,081 974 991 849 1,006 1,084 930 939 971 03.0506 Forest management / forest 262 211 201 188 164 150 128 132 148 149 resources management 11.0102 Artificial intelligence and — — — 16 45 47 72 50 97 84 robotics 11.0103 Information technology — — — 1,194 6,082 5,681 5,907 5,932 3,395 3,764 11.0401 Information science / studies 9,593 11,505 13,172 14,600 11,149 9,655 9,108 7,856 8,295 8,452 11.0802 Data modeling / warehousing — — — 212 148 46 77 68 45 68 and database administration 14.3801 Surveying engineering — — — — 17 46 26 42 44 28 15.1102 Survey technology / surveying 207 247 210 217 202 207 206 242 257 259 27.0502 Mathematical statistics and — — — 6 4 19 16 15 100 110 probability 40.0401 Atmospheric sciences and 733 666 734 767 724 841 765 812 783 830 meteorology, general 45.0702 Cartography 104 140 93 99 124 135 117 135 126 165 Total 17,200 18,792 20,564 23,767 25,379 23,655 23,430 22,186 20,600 21,656 continued

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APPENDIX C 149 TABLE C.6 Continued Instructional Program 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Crowdsourcing 11.0103 Information technology — — — 1,194 6,082 5,681 5,907 5,932 3,395 3,764 11.0199 Computer and information — — — 160 155 136 131 120 116 165 science, other 27.0501 Statistics, general 1,383 1,377 1,485 1,656 1,931 2,024 2,009 2,135 2,248 2,392 27.0502 Mathematical statistics and — — — 6 4 19 16 15 100 110 probability 27.0599 Statistics, other — — — 16 10 12 14 30 24 38 Total 1,383 1,377 1,485 3,032 8,182 7,872 8,077 8,232 5,883 6,469 Human geography 05.0101 African studies 69 42 53 74 80 68 87 61 112 135 05.0102 American / United States 1,813 1,918 1,934 1,997 1,971 2,025 2,018 1,978 1,987 1,932 studies / civilization 05.0103 Asian studies / civilization 586 513 529 522 556 627 701 738 810 857 05.0104 East Asian studies 508 402 437 418 453 441 526 541 589 621 05.0105 Central / middle and eastern 8 30 42 46 15 21 22 16 34 34 European studies 05.0106 European studies / civilization 106 133 140 127 116 140 198 178 176 193 05.0107 Latin American studies 694 633 618 731 770 801 806 834 825 822 05.0108 Near and Middle Eastern 221 184 176 235 301 317 332 305 353 412 studies 05.0109 Pacific area / Pacific Rim studies 12 13 16 11 17 26 24 19 12 13 05.0110 Russian studies 172 186 169 141 168 145 177 154 169 162 05.0111 Scandinavian studies 26 24 30 25 32 24 32 27 30 29 05.0112 South Asian studies 30 39 17 20 22 33 28 34 23 28 05.0113 Southeast Asian studies 21 28 17 25 15 18 25 14 22 16 05.0114 Western European studies 65 61 54 60 57 60 69 64 73 70 05.0115 Canadian studies 2 4 2 1 2 2 — 1 3 2 05.0116 Balkans studies — — — — — — — — — — 05.0117 Baltic studies — — — — — — — — — — 05.0118 Slavic studies — — — 2 2 3 7 7 7 3 05.0119 Caribbean studies — — — — — — — — — — 05.0120 Ural-Altaic and Central Asian — — — 1 10 11 13 12 10 26 studies 05.0121 Commonwealth studies — — — — — — — — 1 — 05.0122 Regional studies (U.S., — — — 5 12 7 16 37 35 13 Canadian, foreign) 05.0123 Chinese studies — — — 8 19 22 30 25 36 39 05.0124 French studies — — — 10 30 45 56 43 79 53 05.0125 German studies — — — 11 34 35 36 64 45 58 05.0126 Italian studies — — — 18 28 35 42 51 48 55 05.0127 Japanese studies — — — 17 27 44 48 51 65 57 05.0128 Korean studies — — — — 8 4 4 4 7 2 05.0129 Polish studies — — — — — — — — — — 05.0130 Spanish and Iberian studies — — — 7 7 13 17 19 18 20 05.0131 Tibetan studies — — — — — — — 1 — — 05.0132 Ukraine studies — — — — — — — — — — 05.0199 Area studies, other 642 621 704 591 605 579 627 637 726 752 11.0401 Information science / studies 9,593 11,505 13,172 14,600 11,149 9,655 9,108 7,856 8,295 8,452 11.0801 Web page, digital / multimedia — — — 145 248 486 569 629 751 915 and information resources design continued

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150 APPENDIX C TABLE C.6 Continued Instructional Program 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 16.0103 Language interpretation and 103 122 145 115 148 151 149 192 178 165 translation 24.0103 Humanities / humanistic studies 3,365 3,716 3,875 3,660 3,564 3,833 3,816 3,496 3,459 3,020 25.0101 Library science / librarianship 4,702 4,712 4,997 5,281 5,997 6,196 6,439 6,765 7,064 7,048 27.0301 Applied mathematics 1,138 1,201 1,191 1,398 1,479 1,660 1,696 1,606 1,637 1,881 27.0303 Computational mathematics — — — 42 109 102 110 83 95 125 27.0501 Statistics, general 1,383 1,377 1,485 1,656 1,931 2,024 2,009 2,135 2,248 2,392 27.0502 Mathematical statistics and — — — 6 4 19 16 15 100 110 probability 27.0599 Statistics, other — — — 16 10 12 14 30 24 38 30.2001 International / global studies — — — 1,033 1,637 2,085 2,310 2,494 2,961 3,627 45.0201 Anthropology 8,312 8,226 8,520 8,827 9,022 9,051 9,474 9,552 10,173 10,579 45.0202 Physical anthropology — — — — 10 16 10 7 1 11 45.0299 Anthropology, other — — — 16 27 28 39 27 52 57 45.1001 Political science and 29,716 29,714 31,011 34,916 37,280 39,869 41,090 41,649 42,097 41,204 government, general 45.1101 Sociology 28,278 27,754 27,782 28,680 29,597 30,603 30,660 31,159 31,000 30,979 54.0101 History, general 28,377 27,951 28,900 30,499 32,565 34,476 36,190 37,451 37,555 37,858 54.0102 American history United States 70 71 76 93 83 70 93 130 110 110 54.0103 European history 16 16 24 23 24 28 32 46 40 40 54.0106 Asian history — — — 3 6 2 4 3 5 1 54.0107 Canadian history — — — — — — — — — — Total 120,028 121,196 126,116 136,112 140,247 145,912 149,769 151,240 154,140 155,016 Visual analytics 10.0301 Graphic communications, — — — 45 149 97 158 215 197 235 general 10.0303 Prepress / desktop publishing — — — — 23 34 28 54 46 71 and digital imaging design 10.0304 Animation, interactive — — — 169 379 563 873 1,232 1,628 1,675 technology, video graphics and special effects 10.0399 Graphic communications, other — — — 70 66 28 15 3 14 69 11.0202 Computer programming special — — — 405 212 66 77 68 44 43 applications 11.0401 Information science / studies 9,593 11,505 13,172 14,600 11,149 9,655 9,108 7,856 8,295 8,452 11.0801 Web page, digital / multimedia — — — 145 248 486 569 629 751 915 and information resources design 11.0803 Computer graphics — — — 350 375 350 262 563 891 956 14.1301 Engineering science 599 537 655 656 644 663 674 602 643 752 45.0702 Cartography 104 140 93 99 124 135 117 135 126 165 50.0409 Graphic design — — — 1,457 2,955 3,354 3,620 3,734 4,070 4,345 Total 10,296 12,182 13,920 17,996 16,324 15,431 15,501 15,091 16,705 17,678 continued

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APPENDIX C 151 TABLE C.6 Continued Instructional Program 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Forecasting 03.0102 Environmental science / studies 5,186 4,942 5,180 3,029 391 — — — — — 03.0104 Environmental science — — — 1,123 2,410 2,561 2,557 2,680 2,800 3,214 03.0501 Forestry, general 1,115 1,081 974 991 849 1,006 1,084 930 939 971 11.0102 Artificial intelligence and — — — 16 45 47 72 50 97 84 robotics 14.0903 Computer software engineering — — — 296 516 805 712 829 1,112 1,326 14.1101 Engineering mechanics 214 252 293 291 280 209 246 196 187 192 14.1301 Engineering science 599 537 655 656 644 663 674 602 643 752 14.3701 Operations research 902 721 619 653 761 839 786 713 809 941 15.1501 Engineering / industrial 1,297 1,600 1,669 1,687 1,788 1,911 1,911 2,073 2,165 2,661 management 27.0102 Algebra and number theory — — — — — — — — — — 27.0301 Applied mathematics 1,138 1,201 1,191 1,398 1,479 1,660 1,696 1,606 1,637 1,881 27.0303 Computational mathematics — — — 42 109 102 110 83 95 125 27.0501 Statistics, general 1,383 1,377 1,485 1,656 1,931 2,024 2,009 2,135 2,248 2,392 27.0502 Mathematical statistics and — — — 6 4 19 16 15 100 110 probability 30.0801 Mathematics and computer 375 371 471 456 437 366 250 230 188 199 science 40.0202 Astrophysics 103 132 168 123 163 192 190 178 234 192 40.0401 Atmospheric sciences and 733 666 734 767 724 841 765 812 783 830 meteorology, general 40.0402 Atmospheric chemistry and — — — — — — — — — — climatology 40.0403 Atmospheric physics and — — — — 6 3 9 8 7 7 dynamics 40.0404 Meteorology — — — 35 90 176 210 200 270 230 40.0601 Geology / earth science, general 4,358 4,289 4,243 4,219 4,144 4,124 4,290 4,358 4,431 4,681 40.0603 Geophysics and seismology 167 191 197 182 203 203 194 201 217 213 40.0605 Hydrology and water resources — — — 46 37 51 58 63 65 67 science 40.0607 Oceanography, chemical and 382 372 429 354 398 349 318 393 372 390 physical 40.0801 Physics, general 5,510 5,683 5,785 6,015 6,379 6,741 7,147 7,507 7,573 7,469 40.0805 Plasma and high-temperature — — — — — — — — — — physics 40.0808 Solid state and low-temperature — — — — — — — — — — physics 40.0810 Theoretical and mathematical 15 4 11 7 9 14 13 20 14 11 physics 45.1001 Political science and 29,716 29,714 31,011 34,916 37,280 39,869 41,090 41,649 42,097 41,204 government, general 45.1101 Sociology 28,278 27,754 27,782 28,680 29,597 30,603 30,660 31,159 31,000 30,979 Total 81,471 80,887 82,897 87,644 90,674 95,378 97,067 98,690 100,083 101,121 NOTE: Most instructional programs for which no postsecondary degrees were awarded were new additions to the 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs. SOURCE: Data from the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics’ Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System Completions Survey. Accessed via WebCASPAR.

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152 APPENDIX C CITIZENSHIP DATA TABLE C.7  Number of Degrees Conferred by Year and Citizenship Status Across Highly Relevant Fields of Study Degree Level Citizenship 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Bachelor’s degrees U.S. citizens and 129,403 129,913 135,644 149,223 160,072 166,588 171,232 174,703 175,492 176,978 permanent residents Temporary residents 3,018 2,994 3,299 4,018 3,956 4,152 4,430 4,158 3,795 4,084 Master’s degrees U.S. citizens and 22,682 22,653 23,438 25,016 27,824 28,987 30,533 30,663 32,087 32,746 permanent residents Temporary residents 4,673 5,103 5,543 6,500 6,942 6,656 6,337 5,864 6,990 7,991 Doctorate degrees U.S. citizens and 4,786 4,504 4,283 4,396 4,352 4,228 4,500 4,664 4,819 5,155 permanent residents Temporary residents 1,817 1,857 1,913 1,920 2,066 2,341 2,512 2,613 2,695 2,834 TOTAL U.S. citizens and 156,871 157,070 163,365 178,635 192,248 199,803 206,265 210,030 212,398 214,879 permanent residents Temporary residents 9,508 9,954 10,755 12,438 12,964 13,149 13,279 12,635 13,480 14,909 SOURCE: Data from the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics’ Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System Completions Survey. Accessed via WebCASPAR. TABLE C.8  Percentage of Degrees Conferred by Year to U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents Across Highly Relevant Fields of Study Percent of Degrees Degree Level 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Bachelor’s degrees 98 98 98 97 98 98 97 98 98 98 Master’s degrees 83 82 81 79 80 81 83 84 82 80 Doctorate degrees 72 71 69 70 68 64 64 64 64 65 TOTAL 94 94 94 93 94 94 94 94 94 94 SOURCE: Data from the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics’ Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System Completions Survey. Accessed via WebCASPAR.

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APPENDIX C 153 TABLE C.9  Percentage of Degrees Conferred by Year to U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents in Fields of Study That Are Highly Relevant to the Core and Emerging Areas Area Degree 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Geodesy and geophysics Bachelor’s 92 91 93 93 93 93 95 94 94 94 Master’s 57 58 57 63 65 66 72 78 76 75 Doctorate 58 50 43 43 44 41 42 46 43 51 Total 78 78 79 81 82 82 85 86 86 86 Photogrammetry Bachelor’s — — — — 100 96 100 94 100 100 Master’s — — — — 50 70 50 60 75 83 Doctorate — — — — 100 0 0 33 — 0 Total — — — — 76 78 88 86 95 93 Remote sensing Bachelor’s 97 97 97 97 97 96 96 97 97 97 Master’s 77 75 74 73 72 74 76 76 76 74 Doctorate 61 59 55 58 56 53 54 56 54 56 Total 90 90 90 89 88 88 89 89 89 88 Cartographic science Bachelor’s 97 97 97 95 96 96 97 97 97 97 Master’s 83 82 82 78 79 84 82 82 85 87 Doctorate 74 72 72 71 76 67 70 70 65 67 Total 95 95 94 93 94 94 95 95 95 95 GIS and geospatial Bachelor’s 98 98 97 98 98 97 97 97 98 98 analysis Master’s 83 83 82 79 79 82 83 83 82 81 Doctorate 71 69 67 64 66 60 61 61 59 58 Total 92 92 91 90 90 90 91 91 90 90 GEOINT fusion Bachelor’s 95 95 95 95 96 96 95 95 97 97 Master’s 77 75 74 71 76 79 80 83 75 73 Doctorate 66 66 64 70 67 64 61 65 65 66 Total 91 90 90 89 91 92 91 92 90 89 Crowdsourcing Bachelor’s 93 93 91 92 95 93 91 92 95 96 Master’s 54 50 45 48 57 51 52 53 47 46 Doctorate 56 44 35 44 35 33 29 36 33 39 Total 65 61 56 70 82 81 80 80 72 72 Human geography Bachelor’s 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 Master’s 87 86 84 83 84 86 87 88 87 86 Doctorate 84 82 82 82 80 78 77 76 75 75 Total 96 96 96 95 96 96 96 97 96 96 Visual analytics Bachelor’s 93 94 94 93 94 95 95 96 96 96 Master’s 69 68 67 66 70 74 78 81 75 73 Doctorate 59 53 61 63 57 50 46 54 46 52 Total 87 87 86 87 88 90 91 92 91 90 Forecasting Bachelor’s 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 Master’s 79 77 76 74 73 73 74 75 73 70 Doctorate 69 67 66 66 63 59 59 59 59 60 Total 94 94 94 94 93 93 93 94 93 93 SOURCE: Data from the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics’ Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System Completions Survey. Accessed via WebCASPAR.

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154 APPENDIX C TABLE C.10  Total Number of Degrees Conferred to U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents by Year in Fields of Study That Are Highly Relevant to the Core and Emerging Areas Instructional Program 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Geodesy and geophysics 14.0201 Aerospace, aeronautical and 1,610 1,811 2,097 2,378 2,796 2,960 3,529 3,618 3,790 3,934 astronautical engineering 14.1201 Engineering physics 288 280 297 322 370 392 421 475 471 454 14.1301 Engineering science 412 373 459 491 475 460 475 466 482 578 14.3801 Surveying engineering — — — — 13 36 23 36 42 26 40.0603 Geophysics and seismology 118 131 133 129 141 139 137 134 143 138 Total 2,428 2,595 2,986 3,320 3,795 3,987 4,585 4,729 4,928 5,130 Photogrammetry 14.3801 Surveying engineering — — — — 13 36 23 36 42 26 Total — — — — 13 36 23 36 42 26 Remote sensing 03.0206 Land use planning and — — — 27 96 82 88 107 92 128 management / development 03.0506 Forest management / forest 253 206 194 179 155 146 125 129 141 141 resources management 04.0301 City / urban, community and 1,654 1,553 1,670 1,857 2,021 2,272 2,440 2,523 2,482 2,652 regional planning 11.0203 Computer programming, — — — — — — — — — — vendor / product certification 14.3801 Surveying engineering — — — — 13 36 23 36 42 26 14.3901 Geological / geophysical 217 175 162 156 147 128 123 168 166 195 engineering 15.1102 Survey technology / surveying 188 230 195 196 187 195 195 230 243 242 27.0101 Mathematics, general 11,586 11,139 11,873 12,176 13,010 14,017 14,689 15,132 15,240 15,300 27.0105 Topology and foundations — — — — — — — — — — 27.0501 Statistics, general 896 836 834 905 1,003 1,098 1,064 1,154 1,204 1,302 27.0502 Mathematical statistics and — — — 5 3 12 13 14 47 44 probability 29.0101 Military technologies 154 20 3 34 10 244 316 59 351 428 30.0801 Mathematics and computer 333 324 412 400 386 300 211 201 145 155 science 40.0101 Physical sciences 369 348 336 322 257 334 307 285 318 340 40.0403 Atmospheric physics and — — — — 6 2 9 8 7 7 dynamics 40.0601 Geology / earth science, general 4,149 4,067 3,998 3,998 3,900 3,861 4,019 4,092 4,166 4,371 40.0603 Geophysics and seismology 118 131 133 129 141 139 137 134 143 138 40.0807 Optics / optical sciences 33 43 40 118 118 119 129 126 143 119 45.0701 Geography 4,704 4,707 4,649 4,755 5,016 5,013 4,956 5,138 5,233 5,404 45.0702 Cartography 100 137 84 96 118 123 111 121 112 155 45.0799 Geography, other — — — 46 73 114 115 161 219 174 Total 24,754 23,916 24,583 25,399 26,660 28,235 29,070 29,818 30,494 31,321 continued

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APPENDIX C 155 TABLE C.10 Continued Instructional Program 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Cartographic science 10.0303 Prepress / desktop publishing — — — — 23 34 28 53 46 71 and digital imaging design 10.0304 Animation, interactive — — — 148 360 516 825 1,159 1,555 1,616 technology, video graphics and special effects 11.0201 Computer programming / 474 471 702 835 723 517 432 433 389 354 programmer, general 11.0202 Computer programming special — — — 312 174 65 67 55 32 38 applications 11.0203 Computer programming, — — — — — — — — — — vendor / product certification 14.3801 Surveying engineering — — — — 13 36 23 36 42 26 15.1102 Survey technology / surveying 188 230 195 196 187 195 195 230 243 242 27.0104 Geometry / geometric analysis — — — — — — — — — — 45.0701 Geography 4,704 4,707 4,649 4,755 5,016 5,013 4,956 5,138 5,233 5,404 45.0702 Cartography 100 137 84 96 118 123 111 121 112 155 50.0401 Design and visual 1,311 1,376 1,667 2,200 2,868 2,354 2,543 2,364 2,318 2,074 communications, general 50.0409 Graphic design — — — 1,344 2,739 3,178 3,411 3,530 3,825 4,104 Total 6,777 6,921 7,297 9,886 12,221 12,031 12,591 13,119 13,795 14,084 GIS and geospatial analysis 03.0506 Forest management / forest 253 206 194 179 155 146 125 129 141 141 resources management 04.0301 City / urban, community and 1,654 1,553 1,670 1,857 2,021 2,272 2,440 2,523 2,482 2,652 regional planning 14.3701 Operations research 785 622 513 422 533 617 543 474 537 584 45.0701 Geography 4,704 4,707 4,649 4,755 5,016 5,013 4,956 5,138 5,233 5,404 45.0702 Cartography 100 137 84 96 118 123 111 121 112 155 Total 7,496 7,225 7,110 7,309 7,843 8,171 8,175 8,385 8,505 8,936 GEOINT fusion 03.0102 Environmental science / studies 4,985 4,730 4,936 2,884 376 — — — — — 03.0103 Environmental studies — — — 1,289 2,976 3,146 3,262 3,176 3,466 3,469 03.0104 Environmental science — — — 1,057 2,256 2,414 2,377 2,539 2,657 3,051 03.0501 Forestry, general 1,035 996 890 906 772 929 1,001 851 862 897 03.0506 Forest management / forest 253 206 194 179 155 146 125 129 141 141 resources management 11.0102 Artificial intelligence and — — — 6 22 24 42 30 49 43 robotics 11.0103 Information technology — — — 1,034 5,606 5,153 5,249 5,252 2,867 3,120 11.0401 Information science / studies 8,406 10,065 11,492 12,665 9,745 8,680 8,202 7,200 7,311 7,271 11.0802 Data modeling / warehousing — — — 201 147 46 77 65 45 54 and database administration 14.3801 Surveying engineering — — — — 13 36 23 36 42 26 15.1102 Survey technology / surveying 188 230 195 196 187 195 195 230 243 242 27.0502 Mathematical statistics and — — — 5 3 12 13 14 47 44 probability 40.0401 Atmospheric sciences and 657 610 675 694 652 748 676 746 718 770 meteorology, general 45.0702 Cartography 100 137 84 96 118 123 111 121 112 155 Total 15,624 16,974 18,466 21,212 23,028 21,652 21,353 20,389 18,560 19,283 continued

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156 APPENDIX C TABLE C.10 Continued Instructional Program 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Crowdsourcing 11.0103 Information technology — — — 1,034 5,606 5,153 5,249 5,252 2,867 3,120 11.0199 Computer and information — — — 152 127 126 112 111 104 148 science, other 27.0501 Statistics, general 896 836 834 905 1,003 1,098 1,064 1,154 1,204 1,302 27.0502 Mathematical statistics and — — — 5 3 12 13 14 47 44 probability 27.0599 Statistics, other — — — 13 10 6 11 22 20 30 Total 896 836 834 2,109 6,749 6,395 6,449 6,553 4,242 4,644 Human geography 05.0101 African studies 61 38 39 60 58 48 68 53 90 117 05.0102 American / United States 1,778 1,877 1,899 1,952 1,939 1,986 1,988 1,950 1,948 1,890 studies / civilization 05.0103 Asian studies / civilization 510 465 472 445 492 553 638 673 735 772 05.0104 East Asian studies 437 344 365 348 388 377 438 469 519 529 05.0105 Central / middle and eastern 8 27 39 32 13 19 16 15 29 31 European studies 05.0106 European studies / civilization 97 121 134 123 111 136 185 172 165 188 05.0107 Latin American studies 646 589 577 679 717 758 752 789 778 771 05.0108 Near and Middle Eastern 195 158 150 214 269 289 299 277 318 372 studies 05.0109 Pacific area / Pacific Rim studies 10 8 11 9 13 23 19 19 7 11 05.0110 Russian studies 160 175 159 126 154 132 162 139 162 152 05.0111 Scandinavian studies 26 23 29 25 30 24 31 26 28 29 05.0112 South Asian studies 26 29 17 18 16 27 22 31 22 26 05.0113 Southeast Asian studies 21 22 16 23 9 9 18 11 13 12 05.0114 Western European studies 56 55 46 54 44 53 59 53 63 65 05.0115 Canadian studies 2 4 2 1 2 2 — 1 3 2 05.0116 Balkans studies — — — — — — — — — — 05.0117 Baltic studies — — — — — — — — — — 05.0118 Slavic studies — — — 2 2 3 7 7 6 3 05.0119 Caribbean studies — — — — — — — — — — 05.0120 Ural-Altaic and Central Asian — — — 1 7 6 9 12 9 21 studies 05.0121 Commonwealth studies — — — — — — — — 1 — 05.0122 Regional studies (U.S., — — — 5 12 7 16 37 34 13 Canadian, foreign) 05.0123 Chinese studies — — — 6 16 19 25 21 36 37 05.0124 French studies — — — 9 24 41 50 36 71 48 05.0125 German studies — — — 9 30 33 33 58 41 55 05.0126 Italian studies — — — 16 27 35 42 48 45 51 05.0127 Japanese studies — — — 17 27 41 45 46 64 54 05.0128 Korean studies — — — — 5 1 3 3 4 1 05.0129 Polish studies — — — — — — — — — — 05.0130 Spanish and Iberian studies — — — 7 7 13 17 19 18 20 05.0131 Tibetan studies — — — — — — — 1 — — 05.0132 Ukraine studies — — — — — — — — — — 05.0199 Area studies, other 599 559 653 556 575 546 600 611 702 708 11.0401 Information science / studies 8,406 10,065 11,492 12,665 9,745 8,680 8,202 7,200 7,311 7,271 11.0801 Web page, digital / multimedia — — — 129 232 472 538 614 733 847 and information resources design continued

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APPENDIX C 157 TABLE C.10 Continued Instructional Program 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 16.0103 Language interpretation and 45 55 76 58 77 87 95 121 118 114 translation 24.0103 Humanities / humanistic studies 3,233 3,598 3,716 3,538 3,454 3,729 3,724 3,422 3,354 2,933 25.0101 Library science / librarianship 4,545 4,569 4,831 5,104 5,793 6,022 6,282 6,628 6,937 6,928 27.0301 Applied mathematics 946 984 986 1,124 1,148 1,317 1,347 1,307 1,316 1,424 27.0303 Computational mathematics — — — 39 90 82 93 64 67 94 27.0501 Statistics, general 896 836 834 905 1,003 1,098 1,064 1,154 1,204 1,302 27.0502 Mathematical statistics and — — — 5 3 12 13 14 47 44 probability 27.0599 Statistics, other — — — 13 10 6 11 22 20 30 30.2001 International / global studies — — — 943 1,507 1,893 2,130 2,298 2,765 3,362 45.0201 Anthropology 8,053 7,957 8,235 8,590 8,750 8,802 9,209 9,258 9,894 10,279 45.0202 Physical anthropology — — — — 9 16 9 7 1 10 45.0299 Anthropology, other — — — 15 27 27 38 26 51 55 45.1001 Political science and 28,778 28,743 29,997 33,768 36,200 38,758 39,922 40,517 41,009 40,047 government, general 45.1101 Sociology 27,709 27,268 27,236 28,055 28,977 30,018 30,012 30,494 30,386 30,333 54.0101 History, general 27,997 27,602 28,519 30,129 32,219 34,069 35,777 37,067 37,144 37,413 54.0102 American history United States 70 69 74 92 82 69 88 130 108 108 54.0103 European history 14 15 21 20 19 27 32 46 40 39 54.0106 Asian history — — — — 5 2 4 2 3 1 54.0107 Canadian history — — — — — — — — — — Total 115,324 116,255 120,625 129,929 134,337 140,367 144,132 145,968 148,419 148,612 Visual analytics 10.0301 Graphic communications, — — — 45 148 97 155 206 187 232 general 10.0303 Prepress / desktop publishing — — — — 23 34 28 53 46 71 and digital imaging design 10.0304 Animation, interactive — — — 148 360 516 825 1,159 1,555 1,616 technology, video graphics and special effects 10.0399 Graphic communications, other — — — 69 62 27 15 3 14 62 11.0202 Computer programming special — — — 312 174 65 67 55 32 38 applications 11.0401 Information science / studies 8,406 10,065 11,492 12,665 9,745 8,680 8,202 7,200 7,311 7,271 11.0801 Web page, digital / multimedia — — — 129 232 472 538 614 733 847 and information resources design 11.0803 Computer graphics — — — 312 323 307 242 545 835 858 14.1301 Engineering science 412 373 459 491 475 460 475 466 482 578 45.0702 Cartography 100 137 84 96 118 123 111 121 112 155 50.0409 Graphic design — — — 1,344 2,739 3,178 3,411 3,530 3,825 4,104 Total 8,918 10,575 12,035 15,611 14,399 13,959 14,069 13,952 15,132 15,832 continued

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158 APPENDIX C TABLE C.10 Continued Instructional Program 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Forecasting 03.0102 Environmental science / studies 4,985 4,730 4,936 2,884 376 — — — — — 03.0104 Environmental science — — — 1,057 2,256 2,414 2,377 2,539 2,657 3,051 03.0501 Forestry, general 1,035 996 890 906 772 929 1,001 851 862 897 11.0102 Artificial intelligence and — — — 6 22 24 42 30 49 43 robotics 14.0903 Computer software engineering — — — 228 365 543 512 644 791 922 14.1101 Engineering mechanics 142 178 214 214 199 145 193 157 137 138 14.1301 Engineering science 412 373 459 491 475 460 475 466 482 578 14.3701 Operations research 785 622 513 422 533 617 543 474 537 584 15.1501 Engineering / industrial 1,104 1,312 1,328 1,345 1,416 1,535 1,567 1,682 1,652 1,926 management 27.0102 Algebra and number theory — — — — — — — — — — 27.0301 Applied mathematics 946 984 986 1,124 1,148 1,317 1,347 1,307 1,316 1,424 27.0303 Computational mathematics — — — 39 90 82 93 64 67 94 27.0501 Statistics, general 896 836 834 905 1,003 1,098 1,064 1,154 1,204 1,302 27.0502 Mathematical statistics and — — — 5 3 12 13 14 47 44 probability 30.0801 Mathematics and computer 333 324 412 400 386 300 211 201 145 155 science 40.0202 Astrophysics 93 110 150 109 143 170 177 162 207 177 40.0401 Atmospheric sciences and 657 610 675 694 652 748 676 746 718 770 meteorology, general 40.0402 Atmospheric chemistry and — — — — — — — — — — climatology 40.0403 Atmospheric physics and — — — — 6 2 9 8 7 7 dynamics 40.0404 Meteorology — — — 29 83 170 202 183 255 217 40.0601 Geology / earth science, general 4,149 4,067 3,998 3,998 3,900 3,861 4,019 4,092 4,166 4,371 40.0603 Geophysics and seismology 118 131 133 129 141 139 137 134 143 138 40.0605 Hydrology and water resources — — — 42 35 45 50 59 61 63 science 40.0607 Oceanography, chemical and 335 329 373 316 344 286 260 325 319 326 physical 40.0801 Physics, general 4,443 4,533 4,680 4,826 5,136 5,293 5,684 6,030 6,051 6,001 40.0805 Plasma and high-temperature — — — — — — — — — — physics 40.0808 Solid state and low-temperature — — — — — — — — — — physics 40.0810 Theoretical and mathematical 15 4 10 7 8 14 13 19 14 11 physics 45.1001 Political science and 28,778 28,743 29,997 33,768 36,200 38,758 39,922 40,517 41,009 40,047 government, general 45.1101 Sociology 27,709 27,268 27,236 28,055 28,977 30,018 30,012 30,494 30,386 30,333 Total 76,935 76,150 77,824 81,999 84,669 88,980 90,599 92,352 93,282 93,619 SOURCE: Data from the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics’ Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System Completions Survey. Accessed via WebCASPAR.