parameter systems. Current sensor-network projects are aimed at measuring water parameters, mapping earthquake shaking, and monitoring traffic. The latter (Mobile Millennium) received the 2008 Best of ITS Award for “Best Innovative Practice” at the ITS World Congress and the TRANNY Award from the California Transportation Foundation. Dr. Bayen received the CAREER award from the National Science Foundation and a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers and was a participant in the 2008 National Academy of Engineering (NAE) Frontiers of Engineering symposium.

Grant C. Black is a teaching professor of economics and director of the Center for Entrepreneurship and Economic Education at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. He was previously an associate professor of economics at Indiana University South Bend, where he also served as director of the Bureau of Business and Economic Research and the Center for Economic Education. He received his Ph.D. in economics from Georgia State University. Dr. Black’s research focuses on the economics of science and innovation, including labor markets and training in the sciences, the transfer of knowledge in the economy, the geographic concentration of scientific and innovative activity, and the role of the foreign-born in scientific productivity. He is the author of the book The Geography of Small Firm Innovation. Dr. Black served on the Research Team for the NRC Committee for Capitalizing on Science, Technology, and Innovation: An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program and participated in other studies by the NRC Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy. He also participated in activities of the Scientific Workforce Project at the National Bureau of Economic Research and the National Nanotechnology Initiative workshop on societal implications of nanotechnology. He is a fellow of the Institute on the Data Resources of the National Science Foundation.

Barbara P. Buttenfield is a professor of geography at the University of Colorado, Boulder. She also directs the Meridian Lab, a small research facility focusing on visualization and modeling of geographic information and technology. She received her B.A. in geography from Clark University, her M.A. in geography from the University of Kansas, and her Ph.D. in geography from the University of Washington. Dr. Buttenfield’s research focuses on map generalization, multiscale geospatial database design, algorithms for web-based data delivery, and visualization of uncertainty in environmental modeling. She has also published on spatial data infrastructures, adoption of geospatial technologies, and digital libraries. While working on her master’s degree, she received 12 weeks of training in photogrammetry, photointerpretation, mapping, and charting, and spent a year as a cartographer at the Defense Mapping Agency, a predecessor organization to the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Dr. Buttenfield has served on several NRC committees related to cartography and the mapping sciences, most recently the Committee on Basic and Applied Research Priorities in Geospatial Science for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. She is a past president of the Cartography and Geographic Information Society and a fellow of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping. In 2001, she was named GIS Educator of the Year by the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science.

Kathleen M. Carley is a professor of computer science at the Institute for Software Research in the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University. She also directs the university’s Center for Computational Analysis of Social and Organizational Systems, which brings together network analysis, computer science, and organization science, and also incorporates a training program for Ph.D. students. She developed and directs the interdisciplinary Ph.D. program in Computation, Organizations and Society. She holds two bachelor’s degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology—one in economics and one in political science—and a Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University. Dr. Carley uses organization theory, dynamic network analysis, social networks, multiagent systems, and computational social science to examine how cognitive, social, technological, and institutional factors affect individual, team, social, and policy outcomes in areas ranging from public health to counterterrorism to cyber security. She also develops tools for analyzing large-scale and geosituated dynamic networks and multiagent simulation systems that are used worldwide. She is a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and

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