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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by Contract No. HM1582-09-C-0014 between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. The views, opinions, and findings contained in this report are those of the author(s) and should not be construed as an official Department of Defense position, policy, or decision unless so designated by other official documentation.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-26864-6
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-26864-8

Cover illustrations: Photo of a battlefield use of sensor input to a mobile display device, courtesy of DARPA (upper left); satellite image of Afghanistan, courtesy of USGS (upper right); Map of Science, courtesy of Richard Klavans, used with permission from SciTech (background map).

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