tional Sciences, National Institutes of Health (NIH). An accomplished researcher and physician, Dr. Briggs received her A.B. in biology from Harvard–Radcliffe College and her M.D. from Harvard Medical School. She completed her residency training in internal medicine and nephrology at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, followed by a fellowship at Yale University. She then worked as a research scientist at the Physiology Institute at the University of Munich. In 1985, Dr. Briggs moved to the University of Michigan, where she held several academic positions, including associate chair for research in the Department of Internal Medicine and professorships in the Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, and the Department of Physiology. She joined the NIH in 1997 as director of the Division of Kidney, Urologic, and Hematologic Diseases at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. In 2006, Dr. Briggs accepted a position as senior scientific officer at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. In 2008, she returned to the NIH as director of the NCCAM. Dr. Briggs has published more than 175 research articles, book chapters, and scholarly publications. She has served on the editorial boards of several journals, and was deputy editor for the Journal of Clinical Investigation. Dr. Briggs is an elected member of the American Association of Physicians and the American Society of Clinical Investigation and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She is a recipient of many awards and prizes, including the Volhard Prize of the German Nephrological Society, the Alexander von Humboldt Scientific Exchange Award, and NIH Director’s Awards for her role in the development of the Trans-NIH Type I Diabetes Strategic Plan and her leadership of the Trans-NIH Zebrafish committee. Dr. Briggs is also a member of the NIH Steering Committee, the highest governing board at the NIH.

Robert M. Califf, M.D., is the vice chancellor for Clinical and Translational Research, director of the Duke Translational Medicine Institute (DTMI), and professor of medicine in the Division of Cardiology at Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina. He leads a multifaceted organization that seeks to transform how scientific discoveries are translated into improved health outcomes. Prior to leading the DTMI, he was the founding director of the Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI). He is editor in chief of the American Heart Journal, the oldest cardiovascular specialty journal, and a practicing cardiologist at Duke University Medical Center. Dr. Califf attended Duke University, graduating summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa. He remained at Duke



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