attention and momentum within ARL. The ITA was initiated in 2008 and the CTA in 2010; this CTA follows a previous CTA, which also had a network focus.
Changes Since the Previous Review
During this period, a new director took the helm of CISD, and a new chief took the helm of the Computational Sciences Division. These leadership changes have benefited the respective organizations by injecting continuity and stability and have led to sharper focus of the research vision and activities. Particularly noteworthy in CISD is the strength of the aspiration to increase activities across disciplines, divisions, and other organizations. Also, in the Computational Sciences Division (CSD) there have been definite improvements in direction and focus that may be reasonably credited to these management changes.
ARL should take note of the potentially destabilizing and morale-lowering effects of overly rapid turnover of management and of having acting appointees head organizations for extended periods of time. Minimizing such disruptions will greatly benefit ARL.
Battlefield Environment Division
The Battlefield Environment Division (BED) presented a compelling picture of the need for basic research in atmospheric science to meet Army needs, which range from aiding special operations to improving the accuracy of conventional artillery. The Army has a unique and pressing requirement for near-Earth atmospheric understanding and characterization beyond what can be provided by other military and civilian entities. The presence of 24 Ph.D.’s out of a total of 56 civilian divisional staff and the ongoing effort to increase staff expertise through the involvement of postdoctoral personnel are impressive developments. The division’s support appears to be a reasonably good mix of 6.1, 6.2, and customer funding, with the first two constituting 55 percent and the last 45 percent. Seventeen percent of customer funding is from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Total program support dropped by approximately 10 percent because of cutbacks in the area of atmospheric sciences applications, which is not surprising given the advances that have been accomplished in previous years.
Collaborations in the Mountain Terrain Atmospheric Modeling and Observations (MATERHORN) Program and Partners In Research Transition (PIRT), a joint program with various organizations and universities, illustrate a vigorous extramural activity. There were a number of personnel initiatives during the past year, including establishing a relationship with a professor at Colorado State University and rotating a BED staff member to the Army Research Office to help in the atmospheric science area.
BED’s research focuses on three major areas: atmospheric sensing, atmospheric dynamics, and atmospheric modeling applications. Underlying these activities is fundamental science, with the emphasis currently on four areas: near-field phase locking of array laser, Raman spectra of individual particles, turbulence propagation, and atmospheric impact routing. A significant portion of the division’s resources are directed at products that it will provide to the Army. Management has a technical roadmap for the division that extends to 2017 and that deals with major programs currently in-house and others that are anticipated. Overall, the division’s management provided compelling evidence of a grasp of the challenges, especially the balancing of diverse requirements with limited and shrinking resources, and the planning and vision to address the challenges.