Improvement is also evidenced by increases in the numbers of publications, patents, and awards for scientific excellence. Refereed publications in 2011 increased by 36 percent and patent awards by 24 percent when compared to the average of the previous 4 years. Awards and recognition include 2 best paper awards, 2 scientific achievement awards from professional societies, and 11 Secretary of the Army Research and Development Awards, as well as election of a senior staff member as a fellow of the American Physical Society.

SEDD has made a significant commitment to maintaining state-of-the-art microelectronics fabrication facilities in-house through the Specialty Electronics, Materials, and Sensors (SEMACS) program. To this end, it invested $13.7 million over the past 2 years in new and updated cleanroom facilities and in other new facilities, including the Microsystem Indoor Testing Grounds developed for validation of autonomous microsystem devices under the Micro Autonomous Systems and Technology (MAST) program. The facilities provide essential support for Army-niche research and engineering activities in such areas as electro-optics and photonics, electronics and radio frequency devices, sensors, and power and energy.

During the current review period, SEDD developed new relationships with industry and other Department of Defense (DoD) agencies and strengthened existing partnerships. Standouts among these relationships are the Flexible Display Center (involving more than 30 partners from industry, academia, and government, sharing a common goal of developing full color, video rate, flexible display technology for commercial and military applications); new partnerships in compound semiconductor devices with TriQuint Semiconductor and Cree, Inc., who perform manufacturing of compound semiconductor devices; and the MEMS (microelectromechanical systems) Exchange, which does device design and fabrication through a network of commercial, academic, and government foundries.

SEDD has taken a leadership role in the ambitious new MSME CRA, which focuses on the development of a numerical toolset that can be used to build models that span many physics domains on a number of specific problems. With the breadth of knowledge at SEDD, and with the strong ties to the academic research community, SEDD and its partners are positioned to have a high impact in this area.

ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND ADVANCEMENTS

This section is organized by each of the SEDD divisions—Energy and Power, Electronics and Radio Frequency, Electro-Optics and Photonics, and Signal and Image Processing—and highlights some of the most significant accomplishments for projects within each.

Energy and Power Division

During this cycle, significant and encouraging advances in the division’s research vision and outlook reflect the evolution of the energy and power field in general, as well as the challenges facing the Army and ARL in particular. Division leadership recognizes that now is a great time to take advantage of the host of opportunities being offered to energy and power. Discussed below are some of the most notable recent accomplishments.

Micropower

The notion of a fully integrated (electronics and passives), single-chip power supply is an elusive goal in the power electronics business. SEDD researchers have made important progress, producing results that are among the best in the field. The first experimental results show Q values for air core



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