in depth the technical quality of its work. This chapter focuses on the programs for which adequate depth of detail was provided and where strong program continuity of effort was demonstrated. It also discusses a set of new and mature programs, in order to provide the context of the full spectra of work performed within SLAD.

CHANGES SINCE THE PREVIOUS REVIEW

Toward the beginning of this review cycle, the criteria applied to the assessment were amended in recognition of the programmatic emphases within SLAD on applied work such as test and evaluation, analysis, and tool development to enhance analysis capabilities. The previous criterion that emphasized the quality of scientific research was therefore replaced with a criterion that emphasizes the quality of the analytical work and of the efforts to support, extend, verify, and validate analytical tools. Joint Vision 2020 is the Department of Defense (DoD) vision that defines how the various elements of the DoD, including the Army forces, will operate in global conflicts as a single, integrated warfighting entity.2 Coupled with this vision is recognition of the constantly evolving threat that requires U.S. military forces to adapt and respond more rapidly with modified tactics, technologies, and or equipment than traditional DoD doctrinal requirements and acquisition processes provide for. This vision defines the need for the development of analysis tools that focus on quickly getting the best equipment to soldiers in the field. SLAD has demonstrated an exemplary capability for rapid and innovative response to solving problems with deployed or soon-to-be-deployed equipment. SLAD extends this rapid, innovative response to include analyses that address the survivability and lethality of integrated systems of equipment and humans, and it creates the partnerships that will enable it to impact system development in the conceptual planning stages.

SLAD increasingly recognizes the need to take advantage of opportunities to do the following:

• Extend attention to survivability and lethality of electronic weapons; electromagnetic pulse devices; directed energy; nuclear, chemical-biological, biomedical, and information warfare; and other weapon systems;

• Upgrade SLAD capabilities in wide-area security; and

• Proactively establish SLAD’s value at an earlier stage in the development cycle of Army materiel programs.

Following the demise of the Future Combat System (FCS), the emphasis of Army acquisition shifted to ongoing campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan. Opportunities for heavily armored mounted warfare dwindled, and the challenges confronting infantry and other soldiers mounted in lightly armored vehicles or on foot were accorded the highest priority. While continuing development of its combined arms model, System-of-Systems Survivability Simulation (S4), and other research tools, SLAD also extended its research and development focus beyond the survivability aspects of equipment to that of the soldier. This has resulted in improved knowledge and capabilities. SLAD has enlarged its initiatives in human vulnerability assessment with multiple programs and expanding collaborations. The human availability technique methodology to analyze the combined performance of materiel and humans is a new initiative that examines the degradation of the performance of the whole materiel system while operating under combat conditions. This effort is a good example of increased collaboration between SLAD and the

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2Department of Defense. Joint Vision 2020. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. May 3, 2000. Available at http://www.fs.fed.us/fire/doctrine/genesis_and_evolution/source_materials/joint_vision_2020.pdf (accessed October 3, 2012).



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