ment of 1 billion euros over a program lifetime of 10 years. Among the selected was an FI on graphene.
In addition to national and regional programs worldwide, there are many international activities, a number of which are listed on nano.gov. The GIN working group provides a forum for agencies to share information and coordinate such international activities, which include multilateral and bilateral cooperation and participation in international and regional forums and other events. The global nature of information-sharing in nanotechnology research can be seen in the international government groups, NGOs, and companies that participate in the annual International Nanotechnology Conference on Communication and Cooperation (for example, INC9 2013 in Berlin35) and in the World Technology Evaluation Center (WTEC) panel report Nanotechnology Research Directions for Societal Needs in 2020.36 As part of that community, the NSET Subcommittee tracks progress in foreign nanotechnology R&D and helps to promote the trade and commercial interests of the United States in the development of a global marketplace for nanotechnology products.
Recommendation 5-8: The Global Issues in Nanotechnology Working Group should expand activities aimed at development of a healthy global marketplace for nanotechnology, including international efforts on governance, environmental health and safety, and standards in the annually updated working group plan called for earlier in this chapter.
U.S. Regional, State, and Local Stakeholder Initiatives
Since the launch of the NNI, many states have begun programs aimed at supporting emerging nanotechnology university programs and businesses with the goal of leveraging federal investments and staking a leadership position as the field grows economically. According to the 2009 NNI workshop report Regional, State, and Local Initiatives in Nanotechnology, there are 34 regional initiatives supporting thousands of organizations performing nanotechnology research. One example is in New York, where the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering at the University at Albany, State University of New York, has been built with $14 billion in public and private funding, including a substantial amount from the state. Other states have also funded efforts aimed at attracting and promoting the fledgling nanotechnology industry.
The NNI has taken steps to reach out to regional, state, and local nanotechnology efforts through a series of workshops, the most recent in May 2012 in Portland,
36 M.C. Roco, C.A. Mirkin, and M.C. Hersam, Nanotechnology Research Directions for Societal Needs in 2020—Retrospective and Outlook, 1st Edition, Springer, 2011.