technology can replace stringent drug regulation in the fight against falsified and substandard drugs. The sentiment that no one can test quality into drugs is true to a certain extent. It is important to be able to test drug quality, but also important to impose good manufacturing practices on companies to prevent quality problems before they arise. However, effective use of technology can help improve drug quality. A study on drug quality in Nigerian pharmacies before and after handheld spectrometers were distributed indicated that drug quality improved when testing became more reliable and convenient (Bate and Mathur, 2011).

Making detection technology more accessible in low- and middle-income countries is invaluable to controlling the trade in falsified and substandard drugs. Technologies can protect consumers and also help generate accurate estimates of the magnitude of the problem. An understanding of the technological landscape, the range and gaps in available technologies, and the likely improvements in the near future is necessary for using technologies in developing countries.

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