Recommendation 6-1: The National Institute of Standards and Technology should fund the development of a central repository for existing and newly innovative detection, sampling, and analytical technologies, ranging from field and rapid screening technology to sophisticated laboratory-based assessments, to identify substandard and falsified medicines.

The cost of development is the main barrier to having robust, sustainable, easy-to-use, and inexpensive detection technologies available in the field. The committee believes that public funding for development would direct academic interest and attention to this important problem. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), a division of the Department of Commerce, has the depth in physical and materials science necessary for developing and adapting drug testing technologies (NIST, 2008). The institute is committed to innovative interdisciplinary research for bioscience and health (NIST, 2010). Drug quality analysis draws from

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