• Support for influenza surveillance in Siberia.
3. Current Russia-related Activities of Special Interest
• Implications of planned withdrawal of Russia from ISTC: 2015
• Transfer of Russian components of ongoing bioengagement programs to Russian ownership, including responsibility for funding.
• Facilitation of connections of Russian scientists with international community.
• Encouragement of Russian support for broad international adoption of international biosecurity standards and guidelines.
• Development of long-term bioengagement strategy.
4. Lessons Learned from Bioengagement Activities with Russia and Other Countries
• Developing deep and broad relationships is critical.
• Partner government endorsement of engagement activities is essential.
• Communication strategies should focus on importance of public health capacity-building.
• Some states may be skeptical of U.S. objectives in promoting engagement activities.
5. Future for U.S.-Russia Partnership
• Identify new mechanisms for partnerships following Russia’s withdrawal from the ISTC.
• Continue to jointly develop biological safety standards and programs in countries and regions of mutual interest.
• Support U.S. partnerships with Russian institutes for carrying out on a highly selective basis collaborative research and development activities.
• Collaborate to develop an open and transparent culture of responsibility among dual-use scientists.
• Strengthen detection and control of infectious diseases through collaboration.
SOURCE: Information provided by Department of State, October 2011 and July 2012.