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    • Support for influenza surveillance in Siberia.

3.   Current Russia-related Activities of Special Interest

    • Implications of planned withdrawal of Russia from ISTC: 2015

    • Transfer of Russian components of ongoing bioengagement programs to Russian ownership, including responsibility for funding.

    • Facilitation of connections of Russian scientists with international community.

    • Encouragement of Russian support for broad international adoption of international biosecurity standards and guidelines.

    • Development of long-term bioengagement strategy.

4.   Lessons Learned from Bioengagement Activities with Russia and Other Countries

    • Developing deep and broad relationships is critical.

    • Partner government endorsement of engagement activities is essential.

    • Communication strategies should focus on importance of public health capacity-building.

    • Some states may be skeptical of U.S. objectives in promoting engagement activities.

5.   Future for U.S.-Russia Partnership

    • Identify new mechanisms for partnerships following Russia’s withdrawal from the ISTC.

    • Continue to jointly develop biological safety standards and programs in countries and regions of mutual interest.

    • Support U.S. partnerships with Russian institutes for carrying out on a highly selective basis collaborative research and development activities.

    • Collaborate to develop an open and transparent culture of responsibility among dual-use scientists.

    • Strengthen detection and control of infectious diseases through collaboration.

SOURCE: Information provided by Department of State, October 2011 and July 2012.

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