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Appendix F.6 Funding and Related Mechanisms (Examples of established or new mechanisms of relevance to proposed Research Fund) 1: International transfers of money, equipment, and materials • Deposit of funds provided by institution in one country in bank account of recipient institution in other country. • Transfer of funds provided by institution in one country directly to recip- ient scientist in other country—transfer into bank account, by personal delivery of cash or check, or by payment of personal expenses (airfare, hotel, etc.). • International transfer of funds via CRDF. • International transfer of funds to institution or individual through com- mercial service-provider—travel agency, overseas affiliate of paying organiza- tion, or multinational service-provider. • Payment to producer or commercial handler of material and equipment in one country for purchase and shipment abroad to user of material and equip- ment, including payment of customs fees. 2: Organizations with relevant experience in awarding international research grants and contracts in the life sciences on a competitive basis • U.S. government organizations: Department of State, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. • U.S. nongovernment organizations: CRDF, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, NIH Foundation. • Russian ministries and agencies: Department of Education and Science; Ministry of Health and Social Services. 243
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244 APPENDIX F.6 • Other Russian organizations: Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), Skolkovo Foundation, Rusnano. 3: Other relevant experience • Parallel awards in two countries by government and/or nongovernment entities for joint projects (e.g., NIH-RFBR; Russian Department of Education and Science-U.S. Department of Education). • Fund transfers within Joint Ventures. • U.S. government guarantee of repayment of Bank Loan to support com- mercially oriented project in Russia. • Fulbright program to support researchers from one country carrying out exploratory or well-defined research in other country. 4: New models • Expanded role of existing foundation (e.g., Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, U.S.-Russian Foundation for Economic Advancement and Rule of Law, Rostropovich Foundation). • Establishment of new fund within appropriate existing organization (with or without endowment) that has experience in funding international projects in the life sciences. • Location of funding organization or recipient organization (or both) within special tax and customs zone.