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Box 3-2
Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Breeding Facility, 2004

The Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International awarded full accreditation to the SFP Animal Care Breeding Facility at the Pushchino Branch of the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry. Its initial activities were limited to rodents. Benefits of accreditation include international recognition of the quality of the activities; inclusion of the new capabilities in international directories and publications; and eventually use by Russian researchers of internationally accepted approaches for support of their activities.

SOURCE: Biological Science in Russia, p. 74, 2007, cited in Appendix A.2.

Box 3-3
Human Proteome Project (linked to the Human Proteome Organization plasma protein project)

This project is to characterize the proteins encoded by the human genome. The roadmap section that is to be established by Russian scientists is to identify the proteins encoded by genes of chromosome 18. There will be pilot and master phases. The pilot phase is to identify at least one protein for each gene and determine the level of its expression and predominant modifications. Data will be obtained on individual variability of the proteome in blood plasma and liver tissue. The master phase will include experimental revelations of the modifications for all proteins of chromosome 18. Russia plans to establish technologies for proteomic studies integrating mass-spectrometry with atomic microscopy. American partners are the University of Michigan and the Institute of Systems Biology (Seattle).

SOURCE: Russian research manager, September 2012.

of the All-Russian Institute of Phytopathology). In other settings, Russian teams have long-term histories of civilian-oriented activities, although they have been sensitive to the possible diversion of technologies to inappropriate uses (see, for example, Appendix D.3 concerning the Research Institute of Influenza).

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