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References PUBLISHED Arbic, B.K., J.F. Shriver, P.J. Hogan, H.E. Hurlburt, J.L. McClean, E.J. Metzger, R.B. Scott, A. Sen, O.M. Smedstad, and A.J. Wallcraft. 2009. Estimates of bottom flows and ­ ottomb boundary layer dissipation of the oceanic general circulation from global high-­resolution models. Journal of Geophysical Research 114, C02024.doi:10.1029/2008JC005072. Avery, W.H., and C. Wu. 1994. Renewable Energy from the Ocean—A Guide to OTEC. Oxford University Press, New York, N.Y. Bahaj, A.S., and L.E. Myers. 2003. Fundamentals applicable to the utilization of marine cur- rent turbines for energy production. Renewable Energy 28(14): 2205-2211. Barron, C.N., and A.B. Kara. 2006. Satellite-based daily SSTs over the global ocean. Geophysical Research Letters 33, L15603.doi:10.1029/2006GL026356. Beels, C., P. Troch, K. DeVish, G. DeBacker, J. DeRouck, and J.P. Kofoed. 2009. Numerical simulation of wake effects in the lee of a farm of Wave Dragon converters. Proceedings of the 8th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference. Uppsala, Sweden. Black & Veatch Consulting, Ltd. 2004. UK, Europe, and Global Tidal Energy Resource Assess­ ment. Marine Energy Challenge Report No. 107799/D/2100/05/1. London, U.K. Black & Veatch Consulting, Ltd. 2008. Renewable Energy Transmission Initiative, Phase 1A, Final Report. Prepared for the RETI Coordinating Committee and RETI Stakeholder Steering Committee. Sacramento, Calif. Borgarino, B. 2011. “An Accelerated Resolution of the Radiation/Diffraction Problem, A ­ pplied for the Parametric Study of Arrays of Wave Energy Converters.” Thèse de doctorat, Ecole Centrale de Nantes, France. Bryan, F. 1987. On the parameter sensitivity of a primitive equation ocean general circulation model. Journal of Physical Oceanography 17: 970-985. Bryden, I.G., T. Grinsted, and G.T. Melville. 2004. Assessing the potential of a simple tidal channel to deliver useful energy. Applied Ocean Research 26: 198-204. 97

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100 DOE’S MARINE AND HYDROKINETIC RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS Lee, T.N., K. Leaman, E. Williams, E. Berger, and T. Atkinson. 1995. Florida Current ­ eanders m and gyre formation in the southern straits of Florida. Journal of Geophysical Research 100 C5: 8607-8620. Liu, S., Edwards, G R., Hanzalek, W., Olson, D. and Smith, C., Eds. 1999. International Work- shop on Corrosion Control for Marine Structures and Pipelines. American Bureau of Shipping, Galveston, Tex. February 9. Lockheed Martin Mission Systems & Sensors. 2012. Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visual­ ization. Prepared for the Department of Energy. May 15. MAEEA (Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs). 2009a. Final Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan—Volume 1: Management and Administra­ tion. Available at http://www.mass.gov/eea/ocean-coastal-management/mass-ocean- plan/final-massachusetts-ocean-management-plan.html. Accessed on June 12, 2012. MAEEA. 2009b. Final Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan—Volume 2: Baseline Assess­ ment and Science Framework. Available at http://www.mass.gov/eea/ocean-coastal-­ management/mass-ocean-plan/final-massachusetts-ocean-management-plan.html. Accessed on June 12, 2012. MAGA (Mid-Atlantic Governor’s Association). 2009. Mid-Atlantic Governors’ Agreement on Ocean Conservation. June 4. Available at http://www.midatlanticocean.org/. Mei, C.C. 1989. The Applied Dynamics of Ocean Surface Waves. World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore. Meinen, C.S., M.O. Baringer, and R.F. Garcia. 2010. Florida Current transport variability: An analysis of annual and longer-period signals. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 57(7): 835-846. Mueller, M.A., and N.J. Baker. 2005. Direct-drive electrical power take-off for offshore marine ­ energy converters. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy 219: 223-234. Müller, M., A. Haak, J.H. Jungclaus, J. Sündermann, and M. Thomas. 2010. The effect of ocean tides on a climate model simulation. Ocean Modelling 35: 304-313. Myers, L., and A.S. Bahaj. 2005. Simulated electrical power potential harnessed by marine current turbine arrays in the Alderney Race. Renewable Energy 30: 1713-1731. Nihous, G.C. 2005. An order-of-magnitude estimate of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) resources. Journal of Energy Resources Technology 127: 328-333. Nihous, G.C. 2007a. An estimate of Atlantic Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) re- sources. Journal of Ocean Engineering 34: 2210-2221. Nihous, G.C. 2007b. A preliminary assessment of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) resources. Journal of Energy Resources Technology 129: 10-17. NOAA (National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration). 2011a. The Tampa Bay Operational Forecast System (TBOFS): Model Development and Skill Assessment. NOAA Technical Report NOS CS 17. NOAA. 2011b. Strategic Advice on Designing and Implementing Coastal and Marine Spatial Plans. June 8. Available at http://www.sab.noaa.gov/Reports/CMSP%20­ eport%20to%20 R NOAA%20Final.pdf. Accessed on June 22, 2012. NRC (National Research Council). 2010. Electricity from Renewable Resources: Status, Prospects, and Impediments. The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. NRC. 2011. Assessment of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Technology: Interim Letter Report. The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. OORMTF (Oregon Ocean Research Management Task Force). 1991. Oregon Ocean Resources Management Plan. Prepared for the 1987 Oregon Congress. Available at http://www. oregon.gov/LCD/OCMP/Ocean_Plan.shtml#Ocean_Plan_Document. Accessed on June 12, 2012. ORNL (Oak Ridge National Laboratory). 2011. Validation of Tidal Current Resource Assessment Model. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy. Oak Ridge, Tenn.

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REFERENCES 101 ORNL. 2012. Performance Evaluation of HYCOM-GOM for Hydrokinetic Resource Assess- ment in the Florida Strait. Draft Report, May 31. Oak Ridge, Tenn. Oumeraci, H., J. Jensen, G. Gönnert, E. Pasche, A. Kortenhaus, M. Naulin, T. Wahl, S. Thumm, G. Ujeyl, I. Gershovich, and A. Burzel. 2009. Flood risk analysis for a ­ egacity: m The German XtremRisK project. Proceedings of the Conference on a Road Map Towards a Flood Resilient Urban Environment. Paris, France. Patchen, R. 2007. Establishment of a Delaware Bay model evaluation environment. Estuarine and coastal modeling. Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Estuarine and Coastal Modeling. Malcolm L. Spaulding, ed., November 5-7, Newport, R.I. PNNL (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory). 2010. Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devel­ pment Technical Support and General Environmental Studies: Report on Outreach o to Stakeholders for FY2009. Appendix B: Regulatory Issues for Offshore Wind and Marine and Hydro­ inetic Projects in State and Federal Waters. Prepared for the Department of k Energy. PNNL-19081. Seattle, Wash. Rand Corporation. 1980. A Quantitative Evaluation of Closed Cycle Ocean Thermal Energy Con­ version Technology in Central Station Applications. Rand Report R-2594-DOE. Rhétore, P.E., P. Fuglsang, G. Larsen, T. Buhl, T.J. Larsen, and H.A. Madsen. 2011. ­ opFarm: T Multi-fidelity optimization of offshore wind farm. Proceedings of the 20th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference. June 19. Maui, Hawaii. RICRMC (Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council). 2010. Rhode Island Ocean Special Area Management Plan: (OceanSAMP), Vol. 1. University of Rhode Island, ­Wakefield. Righi, A. 2011. Rough seas for renewable energy: Addressing regulatory overlap for hydro- kinetic projects on the outer continental shelf. Washington Journal of Environmental Law and Policy 1 (1): 79-128. Schmitz, W.J., Jr., and W.S. Richardson. 1968. On the transport of the Florida Current. ­ eep-Sea Research 15: 679-693. D Shapiro, G.I. 2011. Effect of tidal stream power generation on the region-wide circulation in a shallow sea. Ocean Science 7: 165-174. Sutherland, G., M. Foreman, and C. Garrett. 2007. Tidal current energy assessment for J ­ ohnstone Strait, Vancouver Island. Journal of Power and Energy 221: 147-157. Teague, W.J., M.J. Carron, and P. J. Hogan. 1990. A comparison between the generalized digital environmental model and Levitus climatologies. Journal of Geophysical Research 95(C5): 7167-7183. USBR (United States Bureau of Reclamation). 2009. “The History of Hydropower Develop- ment in the United States.” Available at http://www.usbr.gov/power/edu/history. html. Accessed on June 22, 2012. U.S.-Canada Power System Outage Task Force. 2004. Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada—Causes and Recommendations. April. Washing- ton, D.C. Vega, L.A., and D.E. Evans. 1994. Operation of a small open-cycle OTEC experimental facility. Proceedings of the Oceanology International ’94 Conference. March. Brighton, U.K. Warner, J.C., W.R. Geyer, and J.A. Lerczak. 2005. Numerical modeling of an estuary: A com- prehensive skill assessment. Journal of Geophysical Research 110(C05001). Whitehead, J.A., Jr., and Neil A. Gershenfeld. 1981. Selective withdrawal from a rotating stratified current with applications to OTEC. Ocean Engineering 8(5): 507-515. Worthington, L.V. 1981. The water masses of the world ocean: Some results of a fine- scale census. In Evolution of Physical Oceanography, Scientific Surveys in Honor of Henry ­Stommel. Bruce A. Warren and Carl Wunsch, eds. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. Wunsch, C. 1998. The work done by the wind on the oceanic general circulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography 28: 2332-2340.

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102 DOE’S MARINE AND HYDROKINETIC RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS Zhang, J., R.W. Schmitt, and R.X. Huang. 1999. The relative influence of diapycnal mixing and hydrologic forcing on the stability of the thermohaline circulation. Journal of Physi­ cal Oceanography 29(6): 1096-1108. UNPUBLISHED Battey, H., U.S. Department of Energy, “DOE Water Power Program,” Presentation to the committee on February 8, 2011. Haas, K., Z. Defne, H.M. Fritz, and L. Jiang, Georgia Tech Savannah; S.P. French, Georgia Tech Atlanta; and B. Smith, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, “Assessment of energy production potential from tidal streams in the United States,” Presentation to the com- mittee on November 15, 2010. Haas, K., H.M. Fritz, Z. Defne, and X. Yang, Georgia Tech Savannah; S.P. French and X. Shi, Georgia Tech Atlanta; V.S. Neary, P. Schweizer, and B. Gunawan, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, “Assessment of energy production potential from ocean currents along the United States coastline,” Presentation to the committee on April 9, 2012. Haas, K., H.M. Fritz, Z. Defne, and X. Yang, Georgia Tech Savannah; S.P. French and X. Shi, Georgia Tech Atlanta; V.S. Neary, P. Schweizer, and B. Gunawan, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, “Assessment of energy production potential from ocean currents along the United States coastline,” Presentation to the committee on September 27, 2011. Haas, K., H.M. Fritz, Z. Defne, and X. Yang, Georgia Tech Savannah; S.P. French and X. Shi, Georgia Tech Atlanta; V.S. Neary, P. Schweizer, and B. Gunawan, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, “Assessment of energy production potential from ocean currents along the United States coastline,” Presentation to the committee on December 12, 2011. Haas, K., H.M. Fritz, and L. Jiang, Georgia Tech Savannah, “Assessment of tidal stream e ­ nergy potential for the United States,” Presentation to the committee on February 8, 2011. Hagerman, G., Virginia Tech, and P. Jacobson, Electric Power Research Institute, “Meaning and value of U.S. wave energy resource assessments,” Presentation to the committee on February 8, 2011. Hagerman, G., Virginia Tech, P. Jacobson, Electric Power Research Institute, and G. Scott, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, “Assessment and visualization of United States wave energy resource,” Presentation to the committee on September 27, 2011. Hanson, H.P., Florida Atlantic University, “Global OTEC resource assessment,” Presentation to the committee on September 27, 2011. Hanson, H.P., Florida Atlantic University, “Global OTEC resource assessment,” Presentation to the committee on December 12, 2011. Jacobson, P., Electric Power Research Institute, “Assessment and mapping of the riverine hydrokinetic energy resource in the continental United States,” Presentation to the committee on April 9, 2012. Jacobson, P., Electric Power Research Institute, G. Hagerman, Virginia Tech, and G. Scott, National Renewable Electricity Laboratory, “Assessment and mapping of the U.S. wave energy resource,” Presentation to the committee on November 15, 2010. Jacobson, P., T. Ravens, and K. Cunningham, “Assessment of U.S. in-stream hydrokinetic energy resources,” Presentation to the committee on February 8, 2011. Jacobson, P., T. Ravens, G. Scott, and K. Cunningham, Electric Power Research Institute, “Methodology and preliminary results for assessment of U.S. in-stream hydrokinetic energy resources,” Presentation to the committee on September 27, 2011. Jacobson, P., T. Ravens, G. Scott, and K. Cunningham, Electric Power Research Institute, “Methodology and preliminary results for assessment of U.S. in-stream hydrokinetic energy resources,” Presentation to the committee on December 12, 2011.

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REFERENCES 103 Neary, S., K. Stewart, and B. Smith, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, “Validation of tidal cur- rent resource assessment,” Presentation to the committee on February 8, 2011. Scott, G., National Renewable Energy Laboratory. “Validation and display of wave energy resource estimates,” Presentation to the committee on February 8, 2010. Scott, G., Virginia Tech University, “Validation and GIS display of river in-stream resources,” Presentation to the committee on April 9, 2012.

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Appendixes

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