Research Evaluations Used by the US Federal Government (with D. Hicks et al., 2002); and Building Economics: Theory and Practice (1990). Ms. Ruegg has received the Department of Commerce’s medals, the Wellington Award for contributions in the field of engineering economics, the American Evaluation Association’s Outstanding Publication in Evaluation Award, and he was named Distinguished Alumnus of NIST. She holds degrees in economics from the University of North Carolina (B.A., with honors) and the University of Maryland (M.A., Woodrow Wilson Fellow), an M.B.A. (specialty in finance) from American University, a professional certification from Georgetown University, and executive training from the U.S. Federal Executive Institute and Harvard University.

MAXINE L. SAVITZ is the retired general manager of Technology Partnerships, Honeywell, Inc. She has managed large research and development (R&D) programs in the federal government and in the private sector. Some of the positions that she has held include the following: chief, Buildings Conservation Policy Research, Federal Energy Administration; professional manager, Research Applied to National Needs, National Science Foundation; division director, Buildings and Industrial Conservation, Energy Research and Development Administration; deputy assistant secretary for conservation, U.S. Department of Energy; president, Lighting Research Institute, and general manager, Ceramic Components, Allied-Signal, Inc. (now Honeywell). Dr. Savitz has extensive technical experience in the areas of materials, fuel cells, batteries and other storage devices, energy efficiency, and R&D management. She was elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in 1992 “for technical developments contributing to national initiatives in energy conservation and energy efficiency” and currently serves as vice president of the NAE. She has been, or is serving as, a member of numerous public- and private-sector boards, including the National Science Board, the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board, the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, and the Draper Laboratory. She has served on many energy-related and other NRC committees. She has a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

THOMAS P. SEAGER is the senior sustainability scientist for the Global Institute of Sustainability and a professor and the Lincoln Fellow of Ethics and Sustainability in the School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment at Arizona State University. Dr. Seager conducts research related to environmental decision analysis and the life-cycle environmental impacts of alternative energy technologies. His work combines life-cycle assessment of emerging energy technologies with cutting-edge analytic tools in stochastic multi-criteria decision analysis to form a novel basis for analysis of energy issues. He is pioneering a new approach called anticipatory life-cycle assessment that combines laboratory and pilot-scale experimentation with technology forecasting to improve the developmental trajectory of novel energy technologies with respect to the environment. This approach has been applied to a permanent military base in the context of conflicting policy or stakeholder perspectives and prioritizing the need for more information and making investment decisions. Dr. Seager previously taught at the Rochester Institute of Technology and Purdue University. He earned a Ph.D. in civil and environmental engineering from Clarkson University.

ADRIAN TULUCA is a registered architect with more than 25 years of experience in energy-efficient design, aided by modeling, testing, and monitoring. He is a principal of Viridian Energy and Environmental, a Vidaris company. Mr. Tuluca has analyzed all building types, including the more typical (offices, housing, and schools) and the less common (zoos, airports). Examples of his work include large buildings, such as the Bank of America Headquarters and Hearst Headquarters, medium ones such as several New York City schools, and small projects such as a 5,000-square-foot educational shed in a



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