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PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 3168 Appendix A 3169 3170 3171 3172 Biographical Sketches of Panel Members 3173 3174 3175 3176 John F. Ahearne (NAE) Chair, is the executive director emeritus of Sigma Xi, The Scientific 3177 Research Society, an adjunct professor of engineering at Duke University, and an adjunct scholar 3178 at Resources for the Future. He has extensive expertise in nuclear and radiation engineering and 3179 risk assessment. His professional interests are in reactor safety, energy issues, resource 3180 allocation, and public policy management. Dr. Ahearne served in the U.S. Air Force from 1959 3181 to 1970, resigning as a major. He has also served as deputy and principal deputy assistant 3182 secretary of defense (1972-1977), in the White House Energy Office (1977), as deputy assistant 3183 secretary of energy (1977-1978), and as commissioner and chairman of the U.S. Nuclear 3184 Regulatory Commission (chairman, 1979-1981). He is a fellow of the American Physical 3185 Society, the Society for Risk Analysis, the American Association for the Advancement of 3186 Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a member of the National Academy 3187 of Engineering, Sigma Xi, and the American Nuclear Society. He has previously chaired or 3188 served as a member on committees for over 30 other NRC studies. Dr. Ahearne received a Ph.D. 3189 in physics from Princeton University. 3190 3191 Douglas Eardley, Vice Chair, is professor of physics at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical 3192 Physics at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Dr. Eardley’s research interests include 3193 general relativity: black holes, gravity waves, and quantum gravity; theoretical astrophysics: X- 3194 ray sources, quasars, active galactic nuclei, and cosmology; mathematical physics: nonlinear 3195 partial differential equations and geometry; physics and society: national security, nuclear 3196 weapons, and arms control. Dr. Eardley has been a member of several National Research 3197 Council study committees, including the Working Group on Related Areas of Science of the 3198 Astronomy Survey Committee (“Field Committee”) in 1979-1980; the Committee on the 3199 Atmospheric Effects of Nuclear Explosions in 1983-1984; and the Science Panel of the 3200 Astronomy Survey Committee in 1989-1990. He was chair of the External Advisory Board of 3201 the Institute for Fundamental Theory of the University of Florida at Gainesville from 1990 to 3202 1994; a member of the Physics Advisory Committee of Lawrence Livermore National 3203 Laboratory from 1991 to 1996; the plenary speaker at the Texas Symposium on Relativistic 3204 Astrophysics in 1992; a member of the Openness Advisory Panel of the Secretary of Energy 3205 Advisory Board for DOE from 1996 to 2002; and co-coordinator of the Institute for Theoretical 3206 Physics’ Program in Black Hole Astrophysics from 1999 to 2002. Professor Eardley has been a 3207 member of the JASON Study Group since 1981; a member of the National Security Panel of the 3208 University of California’s President’s Council on the National Laboratories from 2000 to 2007; 3209 chair of the External Review Panel for the Radiation Effects Sciences Program for Sandia 3210 National Laboratories since 2000; and a member of the Joint Mission Committee for Los Alamos 3211 National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory since 2007. He received a 3212 B.S. in physics from the California Institute of Technology and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in 3213 physics from the University of California, Berkeley. 81
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PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 3214 3215 Robert C. Dynes (NAS) is professor emeritus of physics at the University of California, San 3216 Diego. He served as the 18th president of the University of California (UC) from 2003 to 2007, 3217 and as chancellor of UC San Diego from 1996 to 2003. His position as chancellor followed 6 3218 years in the physics department, where he founded an interdisciplinary laboratory in which 3219 chemists, electrical engineers, and private industry researchers investigated the properties of 3220 metals, semiconductors, and superconductors. Prior to joining the UC faculty, he had a 22-year 3221 career at AT&T Bell Laboratories, where he served as department head of semiconductor and 3222 material physics research and director of chemical physics research. Dr. Dynes received the 1990 3223 Fritz London Award in Low Temperature Physics, was elected to the National Academy of 3224 Sciences in 1989, and is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the Canadian Institute for 3225 Advanced Research, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He serves on the 3226 executive committee of the U.S. Council on Competitiveness. A native of London, Ontario, 3227 Canada, and a naturalized U.S. citizen, Dr. Dynes holds a bachelors degree in mathematics and 3228 physics and an honorary doctor of laws degree from the University of Western Ontario, and 3229 masters and doctoral degrees in physics and an honorary doctor of science degree from 3230 McMaster University. He also holds an honorary doctorate from Université de Montréal. 3231 3232 David Harding is a senior scientist at the University of Rochester’s Laboratory for Laser 3233 Energetics and a professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering. His research interests 3234 include the science and engineering associated with the making of fuel capsules for fusion 3235 experiments performed at the University of Rochester’s Laboratory for Laser Energetics. He has 3236 worked at the University of Rochester for 15 years; prior to that he was a senior research 3237 engineer in the Materials and Structures Division at the NASA Lewis Research Center. He has 3238 participated as a panel member on two review committees: the National Ignition Facility Target 3239 Fabrication Review (2008) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and a DOE review of its 3240 Solar Thermal Program (1992). Dr. Harding received a Ph.D. from Cambridge University. 3241 3242 Thomas Mehlhorn is superintendent of the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Plasma Physics 3243 Division, and a member of the Department of the Navy Senior Executive Service with 3244 responsibility for a broad spectrum of research programs in plasma physics, laboratory discharge 3245 and space plasmas, intense electron and ion beams and photon sources, atomic physics, pulsed 3246 power sources, radiation hydrodynamics, high-power microwaves, laser physics, advanced 3247 spectral diagnostics, and nonlinear systems. He began his career at Sandia National Laboratories 3248 in 1978 and worked on a variety of projects related to the generation, focusing, and interaction of 3249 intense beams of electrons and ions with plasmas. From 1989 to 1998 he was a manager in the 3250 Sandia Light Ion ICF Program and from 1998 to 2006 he managed Sandia’s High Energy 3251 Density Physics and ICF Target Design Department in the Pulsed Power Fusion Program. From 3252 2006 to 2009 he was a senior manager with accountability for dynamic materials and shock 3253 physics, high energy density physics theory and modeling, and advanced radiographic source 3254 development and applications. Dr. Mehlhorn joined NRL in 2009. He is a recipient of two 3255 NNSA Defense Programs Award of Excellence (2007 and 2008), a Lockheed Martin NOVA 3256 award (2004), and an Alan Berman Research Publication Award from NRL (1983). Dr. 3257 Mehlhorn is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 3258 Physics (2006). He serves on the Advisory Board for Plasma and Atomic Physics at GSI, 3259 Darmstadt, Germany (2004-present, chair in 2006). He is a member of the Nuclear Engineering 82
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PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 3260 and Radiological Scieinces Department Advisory Board at the University of Michigan (1996- 3261 1999, and 2004-present), as well as of the University of Michigan College of Engineering 3262 Alumni Society board of governors (2009-present). In 2010 Dr. Mehlhorn served on the 3263 Department of the Navy Space Experiments Review Board as well as the University of 3264 Missouri’s Research and Development Advisory Board. Dr. Mehlhorn received B.S, M.S., and 3265 Ph.D. degrees in nuclear engineering from the University of Michigan. 3266 3267 Merri Wood-Schultz is a part-time consultant for SAIC and serves as a laboratory associate at 3268 LANL for Improvised and Foreign Devices. Dr. Wood-Schultz’s early career focused on the 3269 physics design of secondaries of thermonuclear weapons. She was responsible for the conceptual 3270 and physics design of numerous nuclear tests and add-on experiments; the areas of focus of these 3271 tests included stockpile systems, weapons physics, and advanced development. Dr. Wood- 3272 Schultz played an active role in the development of nuclear weapons-related laboratory 3273 experiments (AGEX), serving as the lead designer for a series of experiments on the Sandia 3274 National Laboratories’ SATURN pulsed-power machine and as a member of the inaugural 3275 LANCE (neutron scattering facility) Users Group. Later phases of Dr. Wood-Schultz’s career 3276 included involvement in developing concepts and methods for certification without nuclear 3277 testing, notably the quantification of margins and uncertainty (QMU), and an increase in her 3278 work in nuclear intelligence. The latter led to a 6-month, change-of-station assignment to a DOE 3279 intelligence organization. Dr. Wood-Schultz is currently a member of the Nuclear Forensics 3280 Science Panel for the Department of Homeland Security and engages in continuing technical 3281 collaborations on nuclear weapons design, yield certification using QMU, and nuclear 3282 intelligence. Dr. Wood-Schultz became a fellow of Los Alamos National Laboratory in 2001, 3283 received the Department of Energy Award of Excellence in 1988, 1999, and 2004, the 3284 STRATCOM Medal of Excellence in 1997, and the Los Alamos National Laboratory 3285 Distinguished Performance Award in 1996. Dr. Schultz received B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees 3286 in physics from the Georgia Institute of Technology. 3287 3288 George Zimmerman is a part-time consultant on computations and modeling for LLNL and on 3289 nuclear reactor modeling for TerraPower, LLC. He joined LLNL in 1970 as a staff member in 3290 the A Division, where he developed the LASNEX computer program to design laser fusion 3291 targets and analyze experiments. In 1980 he was appointed associate division leader in the X 3292 Division, where he led a group of physicists responsible for developing numerical methods to 3293 accurately perform integrated simulations involving laser absorption, magnetohydrodynamics, 3294 atomic physics, and the transport of photons, neutrons, and charged particles. From 1984 to 3295 1987 he was leader of the Computational Physics Division. He then led the inertial confinement 3296 fusion code development project in the AX Division until his retirement. Mr. Zimmerman 3297 received the Department of Energy’s 1983 E.O. Lawrence Award for contributions to national 3298 security and the 1997 Edward Teller Award for developing the LASNEX inertial confinement 3299 fusion code. He also received the Defense Programs Award of Excellence for significant 3300 contributions to the Stockpile Stewardship Program in 2002 and 2005. He retired from 3301 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in 2007 and is currently a fellow of the 3302 American Physical Society. Mr. Zimmerman received a B.S. in physics from Harvey Mudd 3303 College and an M.A. in astronomy from the University of California, Berkeley. 3304 83