Contributors

ROBERT McCORMICK ADAMS is secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Adams is a scholar of Middle East urban and agricultural history, comparative early civilizations (Mesopotamia and Mexico), history of technology, and science and higher education policies. At the University of Chicago he served as Distinguished Service Professor, director of the Oriental Institute, dean of social sciences, and provost. He holds a doctorate in anthropology from the University of Chicago. Address: Smithsonian Institution, 1000 Jefferson Drive, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20560.

GEORGE BUGLIARELLO is president of Polytechnic University and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Bugliarello is an educator with a broad background ranging from civil engineering to computer languages, biomedical engineering and fluid mechanics. He currently chairs Metrotech Corporation established by the university to create an industry park in New York City. He is founder and editor of Technology in Society, an international journal, and author of more than 200 professional papers and numerous books. He received a doctorate degree in engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Address: Polytechnic University, 333 Jay Street, Brooklyn, New York 11201.

JOHN W. FAIRCLOUGH is chairman of the Centre for the Exploitation of Science and Technology, chairman of Rothschild Ventures Ltd., chairman of the United Kingdom Engineering Council, and a foreign associate of the National Academy of Engineering. From 1986 to 1990 he served as chief scientific



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ENGINEERING AS A SOCIAL ENTERPRISE Contributors ROBERT McCORMICK ADAMS is secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Adams is a scholar of Middle East urban and agricultural history, comparative early civilizations (Mesopotamia and Mexico), history of technology, and science and higher education policies. At the University of Chicago he served as Distinguished Service Professor, director of the Oriental Institute, dean of social sciences, and provost. He holds a doctorate in anthropology from the University of Chicago. Address: Smithsonian Institution, 1000 Jefferson Drive, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20560. GEORGE BUGLIARELLO is president of Polytechnic University and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Bugliarello is an educator with a broad background ranging from civil engineering to computer languages, biomedical engineering and fluid mechanics. He currently chairs Metrotech Corporation established by the university to create an industry park in New York City. He is founder and editor of Technology in Society, an international journal, and author of more than 200 professional papers and numerous books. He received a doctorate degree in engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Address: Polytechnic University, 333 Jay Street, Brooklyn, New York 11201. JOHN W. FAIRCLOUGH is chairman of the Centre for the Exploitation of Science and Technology, chairman of Rothschild Ventures Ltd., chairman of the United Kingdom Engineering Council, and a foreign associate of the National Academy of Engineering. From 1986 to 1990 he served as chief scientific

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ENGINEERING AS A SOCIAL ENTERPRISE adviser to the Cabinet Office, London, England after a distinguished industrial career at IBM that spanned over 30 years. At IBM he started as a project engineer and went on to become laboratory director and director of marketing and data services, vice president of communication systems and, in 1983, director of manufacturing and development and chairman of IBM's United Kingdom Laboratories. He holds an electrical engineering degree from Manchester University. Address: The Old Blue Boar, 25 St. Johns Street, Winchester S0238HF, United Kingdom. THOMAS P. HUGHES is Mellon Professor of the History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania. He holds the Torsten Althin Chair in History of Technology and Society at the Swedish Royal Institute of Technology and is a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. He has written extensively about American and European history with special attention to technological and social change. His most recent books include American Genesis: A Century of Invention and Technological Enthusiasm (1870–1970), a Pulitzer Prize finalist in history in 1990, and Lewis Mumford: Public Intellectual, coedited with Agatha Hughes. Address: Department of History and Sociology of Science, E. F. Smith Hall D6, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104. ROBERT W. LUCKY is executive director of Research Communications Sciences Division of AT&T Bell Laboratories and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Lucky's division does research on methods and technologies for future communication and computing, including current emphasis on lightwave systems, multiprocessor computer systems, robotics, artificial intelligence, and new physical devices for optics and electronics. He is best known for his work at AT&T on the invention of the adaptive equalizer—a technique used in all high-speed data transmission for correcting distortion in telephone signals. His textbook Principles of Data Communication has been a recognized standard in its field and his most recent written work is a semitechnical book entitled Silicon Dreams, published last year. He received a doctorate in electrical engineering from Purdue University. Address: AT&T Bell Laboratories, Crawfords Corner Road, Room 4E-605, Holmdel, New Jersey 07733-1988. HEDY E. SLADOVICH was a research associate with the National Academy of Engineering Program Office from 1988 to 1991. Before joining the Technology and Environment Program at the Academy, she worked as a researcher for the National Geographic Society, as a biotechnology analyst with E. F. Hutton, and as a field ecologist with the Ecosystems Center of the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Her interests revolve around the interactions of technology, society, and environment. Ms. Sladovich received her bachelor's degree in biology and physiological psychology from Oakland

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ENGINEERING AS A SOCIAL ENTERPRISE University and did graduate work in science policy and international affairs at George Washington University. WALTER G. VINCENTI (Symposium Chair) is professor emeritus of Aeronautics and Astronautics at Stanford University and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has made significant contributions to the experimental and theoretical understanding of transonic, supersonic, and high-temperature gas flows and to study of the history of technology. His books include Introduction to Physical Gas Dynamics with C. H. Kruger, The Britannia Bridge: The Generation and Diffusion of Technological Knowledge with Nathan Rosenberg, and What Engineers Know and How They Know It. Address: 13200 E. Sunset Drive, Los Altos Hills, California 94022. MARINA v.N. WHITMAN is Vice President and Group Executive, Public Affairs and Marketing Group at General Motors. Dr. Whitman is an economist with broad experience in academic, governmental, and private advisory organizations concerned with domestic and international economic issues. She is author of Reflections on Interdependence, a book that explores the impact on U.S. foreign economic policy of growing mutual economic dependence of nations since the end of World War II, and a monograph entitled International Trade and Investment: Two Perspectives that relates patterns of international production, trade, and investment in the automobile industry to patterns predicted on the basis of economic theory. She holds a doctorate degree in economics from Columbia University. Address: Public Affairs Group, General Motors Corporation, 3044 W. Grand Boulevard, Detroit, Michigan 48202.