List of Acronyms


AIRS

Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

ASOS

Automated Surface Observing System


CAC

Climate Analysis Center, NOAA National Meteorological Center

CD-ROM

Compact Disk, Read-Only Memory

CIRES

Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado

CLIMAP

Climate: Long-Range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction

COADS

Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set


DAT

Data Acquisition Tape

DERF

Dynamic Extended-Range Forecasts


ECMWF

European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts

ENSO

El Niño-Southern Oscillation

EOS

Earth Observing System, NASA

EOSDIS

Earth Observing System Data and Information System

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

ERF

Extended-Range Forecasting

ERL

Environmental Research Laboratories, NOAA

ESA

European Space Agency


FGGE

First GARP Global Experiment (see GWE)

FIFE

First ISLSCP Field Experiment



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Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences List of Acronyms AIRS Atmospheric Infrared Sounder ASOS Automated Surface Observing System CAC Climate Analysis Center, NOAA National Meteorological Center CD-ROM Compact Disk, Read-Only Memory CIRES Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado CLIMAP Climate: Long-Range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction COADS Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set DAT Data Acquisition Tape DERF Dynamic Extended-Range Forecasts ECMWF European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts ENSO El Niño-Southern Oscillation EOS Earth Observing System, NASA EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System EPA Environmental Protection Agency ERF Extended-Range Forecasting ERL Environmental Research Laboratories, NOAA ESA European Space Agency FGGE First GARP Global Experiment (see GWE) FIFE First ISLSCP Field Experiment

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Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences FNOC Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center, U.S. Navy FOCAL Français Ocean et Climat dans l'Atlantique Equatorial FSL Forecast Systems Laboratory, NOAA GARP Global Atmospheric Research Program GCM General Circulation Model GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, NOAA GLA Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres, NASA GPCP Global Precipitation Climatology Project GTS Global Telecommunications System, WWW GWE Global Weather Experiment (initially designated as the First GARP Global Experiment, FGGE) HAPEX Hydrological-Atmospheric Pilot Experiment ISLSCP International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project JGOFS Joint Global Ocean Flux Study LAPS Local Analysis and Prediction System, Colorado State University LAWS Laser Atmospheric Wind Sounder LFV Low-Frequency Variability LIMS Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere LINNMI Linear Normal-Mode Initialization LRF Long-Range Forecasting MADS Model-Assimilated Data Set MAPS Mesoscale Analysis and Prediction System McIDAS Man-Computer Interactive Data Access System MOODS Master Ocean Observations Data Set MRF Medium-Range Forecasting NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASDA National Space Development Agency (of Japan) NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCDC National Climatic Data Center, NOAA (World Data Center A, WMO) NMC National Meteorological Center, NOAA, U.S. National Weather Service NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NODC National Oceanographic Data Center, U.S. Navy NWP Numerical Weather Prediction NWS National Weather Service OI Optimal Interpolation OLR Outgoing Long-Wave Radiation PNA Pacific-North America Low-Frequency Atmospheric Oscillation RAFS Regional Analysis and Forecast System, NWS

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Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences SAMS Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder SBUV Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Spectrometer SEASAT-A U.S. Oceanographic Satellite Monitoring System SEQUAL Seasonal Equatorial Atlantic Experiment SMHI Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute SO Southern Oscillation SST Sea Surface Temperature TOGA Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere Program, WMO TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research UKMO United Kingdom Meteorological Office UNIDATA University Data Broadcast Project WCRP World Climate Research Program, WMO WMO World Meteorological Organization, Geneva WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment WSR-88D U.S. National Weather Service 1988 Doppler Weather Radar System (initially designated in planning documents as NEXRAD, Next Radar System) WWW World Weather Watch, WMO XBT Expendable Bathythermograph