In addition to RCT research, mechanisitic studies are needed to examine potential physiologic changes associated with lowering sodium intake and adverse health outcomes. Finally, additional observational research is needed to examine associations between sodium intake and cancer, especially gastric cancer, in the U.S. population, as well as associations between sodium intake and caloric intake in both short-term and longitudinal studies.
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Sodium Intake in Populations: Assessment of Evidence . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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