AAMC- HHMI (Association of American Medical Colleges-Howard Hughes Medical Institute). 2009. Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians. Washington, D.C.

Baker, R., Gowda, S., and Corbett, A. 2011. Automatically detecting a student’s preparation for future learning: Help use is key. Pp. 179-188 in Educational Data Mining Conference Proceedings 2011. Available at; accessed on April 23, 2013.

Beichner, R.J. 2008. “The SCALE-UP Project: A Student-Centered Active Learning Environment for Undergraduate Programs.” Paper commissioned for Evidence on Promising Practices in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Workshop 2, October 13-14. Available at

Brahmia, S. 2008. Improving learning for underrepresented groups in physics for engineering majors. PER Conference Invited Paper. Pp. 7-10 in 2008 Physics Education Research Conference. AIP Conference Proceedings 1064. Available at; accessed on February 19, 2013.

Brahmia, S., and Etkina, E. 2001. “Emphasizing the Social Aspects of Learning to Foster Success of Students at Risk.” Paper presented at the Research at the Interface, 2001 Physics Education Research Conference, Rochester, N.Y., July 25-26, 2001. Available at; accessed on April 23, 2013.

Friedman, T.L. 2005. The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Friedman, T.L., and Mandelbaum, M. 2011. That Used to Be Us: How America Fell Behind in the World It Invented and How We Can Come Back. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Hansen, G.D., and Prescott, E.C. 2002. Malthus to Solow. The American Economic Review Sept.:1205-1217.

Hodapp, T. 2011. The economics of education: Closing undergraduate physics programs. APS News 20(11):8. Available at

Krogh, L.B., and Thomsen, P. 2005. Studying students’ attitudes towards science from a cultural perspective but with a quantitative methodology: Border crossing into the physics classroom. International Journal of Science Education 27:281-302.

Kronig, D.A. 2011. PCAST examines future of scientific research in U.S. FYI: The AIP Bulletin of Science Policy News 93, July 21. Available at

Luzer, D. 2011. Physics as a luxury. Washington Monthly, September 28. Available at

Matthews, J.N.A. 2011. Texas cuts ‘low-producing’ physics programs. Physics Today 64:31. Available at

NAS-NAE-IOM (National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine). 2007. Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

NAS-NAE-IOM. 2010. Rising Above the Gathering Storm, Revisited: Rapidly Approaching Category 5. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

PCAST (President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology). 2012. Engage to Excel: Producing One Million Additional College Graduates with Degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Washington, D.C.: Executive Office of the President. Available at

Scott, A.L., and Martin, A. 2012. Dissecting the Data 2012: Examining STEM Opportunities and Outcomes for Underrepresented Students in California. San Francisco, Calif.: Level Playing Field Institute. Available at

Seymour, E. 1995. The loss of women from science, mathematics, and engineering undergraduate majors: An explanatory account. Science Education 79:437-473.

Seymour, E., and Hewitt, N. 1995. Talking About Leaving: Why Undergraduates Leave the Sciences. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Sharp, G. 2004. A Longitudinal Study Investigating Pupil Attitudes Towards Their Science Learning Experiences from a Gender Perspective. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. Milton Keynes, Open University.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement