FIGURE 3-3 A comparison of researchers per thousand of employers and R&D expenditures as percentage of GDP: Multiple years.
NOTE: Data are from 2008 for Australia, Canada, Chile, France, Iceland, Korea, South Africa, and Switzerland. Data are from 2007 for Greece, Mexico, New Zealand, and the United States. BRIICS = Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, and South Africa; EU = European Union; PPP = purchasing power parity.
SOURCE: OECD, main science and technology indicators database, June 2011, see [May 2013].

Galindo-Rueda added that NCSES publishes values for gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) in the international comparability table of National Patterns. Most national publications he is aware of typically contain such a section, drawing on data collected through official channels by OECD from its members and other economies. This section is important to domestic users in all countries as international benchmarking of R&D efforts has been one of the main purposes of R&D data reporting.

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