a cost-reimbursable basis. The funding for these activities is allocated to the sponsoring agency and not to the data collection agency. OMB’s annual compilation of statistical programs generally includes the entire budget for each of the 14 agencies represented on the Interagency Council on Statistical Policy (ICSP);2 other agencies determine which parts of their budgets should be included according to the OMB definition of statistical activities.
In fiscal 2012, the 14 ICSP agencies accounted for 34 percent of the total budget authority for statistical activities, excluding the 2010 census; with the 2010 census authority included, they accounted for 36 percent. Not all of the work of ICSP agencies is carried out in house. For fiscal 2012, OMB estimated that 37 percent of the total budget authority of ICSP agencies was used to purchase statistical services, such as data collection and analysis, from other organizations (U.S. Office of Management and Budget, 2011:App. A). Of total ICSP budget authority, 8 percent went to reimburse state and local governments for administrative records (e.g., birth and death records provided to the National Center for Health Statistics and unemployment insurance wage records provided to the Bureau of Labor Statistics); 21 percent was paid to private organizations for data collection and analysis services; and 8 percent was paid to other federal agencies, principally the Census Bureau.
In dollar terms, the National Center for Education Statistics, the Census Bureau, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the National Center for Health Statistics dedicated the largest amounts of their budgets to purchasing statistical services; by percentage of budget authority, the National Center for Education Statistics, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Center for Health Statistics, and the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics were the largest users of purchased services. These patterns have remained roughly constant over the past decade (see U.S. Office of Management and Budget, 2001:Table 3).
2 The 14 agencies are the Bureau of Economic Analysis; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of Transportation Statistics; Census Bureau; Economic Research Service of the Department of Agriculture; Energy Information Administration; National Agricultural Statistics Service; National Center for Education Statistics; National Center for Health Statistics; National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics; Office of Environmental Information of the Environmental Protection Agency; Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics of the Social Security Administration; and the Statistics of Income Division of the Internal Revenue Service.