standards and guidelines for statistical surveys (summarized in the section on “OMB Statistical Policy Directives,” on page 83).
2004 OMB PEER REVIEW GUIDANCE
Consistent with the 2000 Information Quality Act (P.L. 106-554), OMB developed guidance for federal agencies with regard to seeking peer review of the policy-relevant scientific information an agency disseminates. After two rounds of public comment, OMB issued the Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review on December 16, 2004 (hereafter referred to as the Bulletin): it requires federal agencies to conduct a peer review of “influential scientific information” before the information is released to the public.28 “Influential scientific information” is defined as “scientific information the agency reasonably can determine will have or does have a clear and substantial impact on important public policies or private sector decisions” (U.S. Office of Management and Budget, 2004a:10). The Bulletin allows agencies discretion to select the type of peer review process most appropriate for a given scientific information product. The Bulletin excludes from the guidelines “routine statistical information released by federal statistical agencies (e.g., periodic demographic and economic statistics) and the analysis of these data to compute standard indicators and trends (e.g., unemployment and poverty rates)” (U.S. Office of Management and Budget, 2004a:33); however, it does include research reports and nonroutine collections by statistical agencies that can be considered “influential scientific information.”
2010 GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE AND RESULTS MODERNIZATION ACT
On January 4, 2011, President Obama signed the Government Performance and Results Modernization Act of 2010.29 This act, which superseded the Performance Assessment Rating Tool and the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA), requires performance assessment of government programs for purposes of evaluating agency
28Available: http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/memoranda/fy2005/m05-03.pdf [February 2013].
29Available: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-111publ352/pdf/PLAW-111publ352.pdf [February 2013].