• Collect data about the sources (e.g., gifts, purchases), means (e.g., theft, trafficking), and legality of possession by various groups, particularly offenders.
Characterize differences in nonfatal and fatal gun use across the United States.
Examples of topics that could be examined:
• What are the characteristics of non-self-inflicted fatal and nonfatal gun injury?
What attributes of guns, ammunition, gun users, and other circumstances affect whether a gunshot injury will be fatal or nonfatal?
What characteristics differentiate mass shootings that were prevented from those that were carried out?
What role do firearms play in illicit drug markets?
• What are the characteristics of self-inflicted fatal and nonfatal gun injury?
What factors (e.g., storage practices, time of acquisition) affect the decision to use a firearm to inflict self-harm?
To what degree can or would prospective suicidal users of firearms substitute other methods of suicide?
• What factors drive trends in firearm-related violence within subpopulations?
• What factors could bring about a decrease in unintentional firearm-related deaths?
Trends in firearm-related injury and death differ by type of violence. Between 2005 and 2010, the percentage of firearm-related violent victimizations remained generally stable (Truman, 2011). As stated above, overall firearm-related suicide rates generally declined between 1999 and