• Are there methods to enhance the reporting of stolen guns in order to reduce illegal access?
• To what degree would mandatory reporting of transfer of private ownership of guns be effective in reducing illegal access?
• To what extent do focused interventions (e.g., “server training,”34 straw-purchase35 stings) targeted at high-risk retailers found to be disproportionately associated with gun crimes reduce illegal access?
• How do firearms move from federal firearms-licensed dealers to high-risk/criminal possessors? How can we develop detailed analyses of this illegal area of firearm distribution?
Evaluate Programs to Reduce Injuries by Legally Possessed Firearms
In 2010, there were approximately 19,000 suicides by firearm in the United States,36 and 606 people were killed by a firearm unintentionally.37 Thousands more were injured and survived with various degrees of disability. Stratifying risk among people with access to guns and reducing that risk may confer a public health benefit. The interaction of alcohol and gun use has been a subject of attention. There is an inconsistent patchwork of state laws to ameliorate the risk of firearm use by those that abuse alcohol. There is a lack of data on the basis for these laws or on their effectiveness
Risk stratification with respect to mental illness status and the use of firearms is imprecise and not well understood. Although the risk associated with certain specific psychiatric diagnoses is better understood than it has been in the past, conditions that foster a propensity toward violence
34 Server training is an intervention used to provide staff of establishments that serve alcohol the knowledge and skills to ensure that they serve alcohol in a responsible manner and that they meet their legal responsibilities. Similar interventions may be used in firearm retail establishments.
35 A “straw purchase” occurs when the buyer of a firearm would not pass required background checks or does not want his or her name associated with the purchase of the firearm and therefore uses someone else to make the actual purchase.
36 NCIPC. 2013. WISQARS injury mortality reports: 2010, United States, suicide firearm deaths and rates per 100,000—all races, both sexes, all ages (accessed April 30, 2013).
37 NCIPC. 2013. WISQARS injury mortality reports: 2010, United States, unintentional firearm deaths and rates per 100,000—all races, both sexes, all ages (accessed April 30, 2013).