affect the land domain indirectly; landpower is usually the arbiter of victory. The Army provides the United States with the landpower to prevent, shape, and win in the land domain.


1-1. The distinguishing characteristic of the land domain is the presence of humans in large numbers…. Humans live on the land and affect almost every aspect of land operations. Soldiers operate among populations, not adjacent to them or above them. They accomplish missions face-to-face with people, in the midst of environmental, societal, religious, and political tumult. Winning battles and engagements is important but alone is usually insufficient to produce lasting change in the conditions that spawned conflict. Our effectiveness depends on our ability to manage populations and civilian authorities as much as it does on technical competence employing equipment. Managing populations before, during, and after all phases of the campaign normally determines its success or failure. Soldiers often cooperate, shape, influence, assist, and coerce according to the situation, varying their actions to make permanent the otherwise temporary gains achieved through combat.


From U.S. Army, 2012b, Page 1-6

1-38. Military operations vary in purpose, scale, risk, and intensity (see JP 3-0). They include relatively benign, routine, and recurring military operations in peacetime; specific combat and noncombat responses to contingencies and crises as they occur; and less frequent, large-scale combat operations typical of wartime conditions. Army forces are designed, organized, equipped, and trained to accomplish many military operations. Table 1-1 lists examples of military operations. (See JP 1 for a discussion of the range of military operations.)

Table 1-1. Examples of operations and their applicable doctrine

Arms control and disarmament (JP 3-0)

Large-scale combat (FM 3-90)

Civil support (JP 3-28 and FM 3-28)

Noncombatant evacuation (JP 3-68)

Civil-military operations (JP 3-57)

Peace operations (JP 3-07.3)

Combating terrorism (JP 3-07.2)

Raid (FM 3-90)

Combating weapons of mass destruction (JP 3-40)

Recovery operations (JP 3-50 and FM 3-50.1)

Counterinsurgency (JP 3-24 and FM 3-24)

Security force assistance (AR 12-1 and FM 3-07.1)

Enforcement of sanctions (JP 3-0)

Show of force (JP 3-0)

Foreign humanitarian assistance (JP 3-29)

Stability tasks (FM 3-07)

Foreign internal defense (JP 3-22 and FM 3-05.2)

Strike (JP 3-0)

Homeland defense (JP 3-27 and FM 3-28)

Unconventional warfare (JP 3-05 and FM 3-05)

[“JP” refers to a document in the Joint Publication series; “FM” and “AR” refer to Army documents.]

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