specified accuracy; calibration must account for internal system imperfections as well as changing environmental conditions.

Table G-2 also summarizes precision targeting missions. As in the two preceding sub-subsections, some sensors are dual-purpose. Additionally, precision targeting can maximize the capability of SA and force protection sensors, varying the sensor mode and collection strategy to calculate a fire-control solution. This approach is very common in radar, where system resources are modified to best meet the requirements of each mode—for example, short dwells and rapid antenna scans for search versus longer dwells and focused antenna beams for refined track and engagement.

Summary of Squad-Level Missions

Table G-2 summarizes all of the squad-level sensor missions (situational awareness, force protection, and precision targeting). The first column places technologies in one of those three mission areas. Some technologies support multiple mission areas.


In this section, the committee assesses the gaps in squad-level sensor technology. Technology is assessed using the following key: green, mature; yellow, development required; and, red, serious technical hurdles remain. Where applicable, the relevant programs are mentioned.

Squad-level sensor technology development should carefully consider the issues identified in Table G-1. Sensor SWAP and deployment and TCPED strategy are of foremost concern. The fundamental issues are evident: How can sensor technology seamlessly provide the right information to the squad without disrupting cognition required to carry out critical elements of the mission? Sensor scaling, improved algorithms/techniques and computing, and autonomous platform capabilities are important in this regard.

To support materiel development, a rigorous systems engineering approach is also critical and should include:

•   Training of the acquisition workforce,

•   Development of enterprise-wide analysis tools, and

•   Government-owned open system architecture.

The next three sections briefly describe sensor technology gaps from the squad perspective.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement