Mission Description Relevant Sensor Technology Technology Gap Assessment
SA, Force protection Concealed weapons detection Millimeter-wave radar, metal detector, magnetometer SWAP
SA, Force protection Life signs monitoring Millimeter-wave radar, acoustics SWAP, deployment, CONOPS
Force protection Perimeter surveillance Radar, acoustics, SIGINT Solutions currently available, reduced SWAP desirable
Force protection, precision targeting CRAM Radar, IRST, acoustics SWAP, mobility
Force protection CIED Radar, HSI/MSI, SIGINT Challenging target signature, persistence
Force protection, precision targeting Counter-shot/sniper Acoustics, IR Multipath, calibration, SWAP

The first two lines in Table G-4 were discussed in prior sections. Perimeter surveillance technology is well developed and has been used in the field for several decades. From the squad-level perspective, miniaturization, power reduction, and automation efforts would prove most beneficial.

The U.S. Army has invested substantially in CRAM technology. Systems like Firefinder and Enhanced Firefinder are sophisticated, weapons-locating radar systems. The Omni-Directional Weapons Location radar is a new capability being developed by PEO IEWS/PM Radars. The Firefinder and the Omni-Directional Weapons Location radars are fairly large systems with significant prime power requirements. For this reason, they have limited applicability at the squad level. The Lightweight Counter Mortar Radar weighs approximately 90 lb and is packed in two sections; its ruggedized design enables it to accompany paratroopers on airborne assaults. Yet, 90 lb is still substantial load for squad members. A smaller, lighter, shorter-range version of the Lightweight Counter Mortar Radar would better support the squad. This new, lightweight system should provide 360 degree coverage and accept battery power. Moreover, the system should be highly transportable, with minimal set-up time. Taking advantage of novel materials and electronics should be an imperative in this new CRAM system design. The U.S. Army has also invested in active protection systems (APSs) to protect ground vehicles and rotorcraft. Cost and less-than-hoped-for cooperation of our allies have proven major challenges in deploying APS’s, along with concerns over anti-radiation seekers. Identifying a way to integrate vehicle and dismount detection missions with CRAM is a meaningful objective; APS will likely have to be a unique sensor package tied to a kinetic kill mechanism. Integrated Force Protection Capability (IFPC) is a new program of record focused on multisensor integration of CRAM products; networking capabilities developed under this program may find applicability to squad-level protection.

CIED is a three-pronged approach. Two of the prongs are direct: Find the IED and jam its triggering mechanism. The third prong is indirect and centers on finding the network that supplies and emplaces IEDs. Squad-level missions

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