culturally aware behavior, situational awareness and understanding, and decision-making. These metrics, in the form of MOPs and MOEs, could be used in the near term as a basis for establishing realistic goals for future capabilities, as well as setting acquisition objectives and training readiness standards.

Development and analyses of TSU options will require collaboration among multiple Army activities, including the TRADOC Infantry School at the Maneuver Center of Excellence and the TRADOC Analysis Center, the Army Research Laboratory (ARL), Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM), Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI), the Army Materiel Systems Analysis Activity, and the Army program executive offices for Simulation, Training, and Instrumentation (PEO STRI) and Soldier (PEO Soldier).

Finding: The task of developing metrics for the Soldier and TSU lacks organizational focus and responsibility. A single organization should have the responsibility for developing the metrics for dismounted Soldier and TSU operations.

Recommendation 5: The Army should transform and sustain the design of the TSU, including re-assessing unit organization and size, by the following actions:

a.   Develop representative measures of performance (MOPs) and measures of effectiveness (MOEs) for the primary dimensions of TSU performance, and ensure these measures incorporate human dimension criteria.

b.   Assemble a consortium of stakeholders to implement iterative work-centered analyses of the Soldier task workload and the TSU and Soldier-system performance required by increasing the scope (range, quality, thresholds) of TSU MOPs and MOEs. The analyses should enable development of predictive analytical models of Soldier physical and cognitive task and mobility performance, Soldier-to-Soldier task and mobility interaction within a TSU network, and TSU task and mobility performance.

c.   Expand the TSU task and mobility model to predict influences of weapons, information collection, and information technologies on TSU MOPs and MOEs.

Such a TSU task and mobility model could be expanded in the mid-term to include individual Soldier and TSU social network factors as well as training states.

Soldier Performance

Changes in TSU design will require not only considerations for future missions and equipment but also adequate attention to the human Soldiers. Capabilities of the TSU and of the Soldiers in it are highly dependent on each other. Enhancements to TSU performance and effectiveness should also enhance performance and effectiveness of the individual Soldier. Likewise, Soldier enhancements should increase the performance and effectiveness of the TSU. For example, sharing situational awareness within the TSU enhances an individual Soldier's situational awareness. Enhancing the shooting skills of



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